Rhodium hexafluoride

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Rhodium hexafluoride
Rhodium(VI)-fluoride.svg
Names
IUPAC name
rhodium(VI) fluoride
Other names
rhodium hexafluoride
Identifiers
13693-07-7
Jmol-3D images Image
Properties
F6Rh
Molar mass 216.91 g/mol
Appearance black crystalline solid[1]
Density 3.71g/mL[2]
Melting point ≈ 70 °C (158 °F; 343 K)[1]
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Rhodium hexafluoride, also rhodium(VI) fluoride, (RhF6) is the inorganic compound of rhodium and fluorine. A black volatile solid,[1] it is highly reactive material, and a rare example of rhodium(VI) compound.

Synthesis, structure, properties[edit]

Rhodium hexafluoride is prepared by reaction of rhodium metal with an excess of elemental fluorine:[3]

Rh + 3 F2 → RhF6

The RhF6 molecule has octahedral molecular geometry. Consistent with its d3 configuration, the six Rh–F bond lengths are equivalent, being 1.824 Å.[2] It crystallises in an orthorhombic space group Pnma with lattice parameters of a = 9.323 Å, b = 8.474 Å, and c = 4.910 Å.

Like some other metal fluorides, RhF6 is highly oxidising. It attacks even glass even in the absence of water.[3] It can even react with elemental oxygen.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 90th Edition, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 2009, ISBN 978-1-4200-9084-0, Section 4, Physical Constants of Inorganic Compounds, p. 4-85.
  2. ^ a b Drews, T.; Supeł, J.; Hagenbach, A.; Seppelt, K. (2006). "Solid State Molecular Structures of Transition Metal Hexafluorides". Inorganic Chemistry 45 (9): 3782–3788. doi:10.1021/ic052029f. PMID 16634614. 
  3. ^ a b 《无机化学丛书》第九卷:锰分族、铁系、铂系 (in Chinese). 北京: 科学出版社. p. 478. ISBN 7-03-002238-6. 
  4. ^ Riedel, Sebastian; Kaupp, Martin (2009). "The highest oxidation states of the transition metal elements" (PDF). Coordination Chemistry Reviews (Elsevier) 253: 606–624. doi:10.1016/j.ccr.2008.07.014. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]