Rhodoxanthin

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Rhodoxanthin[1]
Rhodoxanthin.png
Names
IUPAC name
(4E)-3,5,5-Trimethyl-4-[(2E,4E,6E,8E,10E,12E,14E,16E,18E)-3,7,12,16-Tetramethyl-18-(2,6,6-trimethyl-4-oxo-1-cyclohex-2-enylidene)octadeca-2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16-octaenylidene]-1-cyclohex-2-enone
Other names
•4',5'-Didehydro-retro-β-carotene-3,3'-dione
•E161f
Identifiers
116-30-3 YesY
ChemSpider 4444663 N
Jmol-3D images Image
KEGG C08610 N
PubChem 5281251
Properties
C40H50O2
Molar mass 562.82 g/mol
Appearance Purple crystals
Melting point 219 °C (426 °F; 492 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
 N verify (what isYesY/N?)
Infobox references

Rhodoxanthin is a xanthophyll pigment with a purple color that is found in small quantities in a variety of plants including Taxus baccata. It is also found in the feathers of some birds.[1] As a food additive it is used under the E number E161f as a food coloring; it is not approved for use in the EU[2] or USA however is approved in Australia and New Zealand[3] (where it is listed under its INS number 161f).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Merck Index, 11th Edition, 8196.
  2. ^ UK Food Standards Agency: "Current EU approved additives and their E Numbers". Retrieved 2011-10-27. 
  3. ^ Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code"Standard 1.2.4 - Labelling of ingredients". Retrieved 2011-10-27.