Rhondda East by-election, 1933
The seat had become vacant when the Labour Member of Parliament (MP) Lt-Col David Watts-Morgan had died on 23 February 1933, aged 65. He had held the seat since the constituency was created for the 1918 general election.
1931 General Election
The previous contest was comfortably won by Labour; Watts-Morgan polled 68.1% of the vote in a two-way contest with the Communist, Arthur Horner. There was no candidate standing in support of the National Government.
The Communist, Arthur Horner, was standing here for the third time. The new Labour candidate, William Mainwaring, a local miners agent, was contesting a parliamentary election for the first time. None of the leading Labour figures who had lost their seats at the last General Election expressed an interest in standing here. The Liberal Party, who had not contested this seat last time, fielded another first time candidate in Professor William D. Thomas. Thomas stood in opposition to the National Government. Still no candidate supporting the National Government was prepared to stand here.
As a result, the election campaign remained an essentially local affair.
|Labour||William Henry Mainwaring||14,127||42.5||-25.6|
|Communist||Arthur Lewis Horner||11,228||33.8||+1.9|
|Liberal||Professor William D. Thomas||7,851||23.6||N/A|
If the Communist Party was to re-gain a parliamentary foothold, its best prospects were always going to be in a seat like Rhondda East at a time when the Labour Party was demoralised. Despite having such ideal conditions, it could not make the breakthrough.
William Mainwaring's victory started his parliamentary career which went on unbroken until 1959. Arthur Horner, despite having built a local electoral base for the Communist Party, was replaced as candidate for 1935 by the party's national leader, Harry Pollitt. Horner never made it to parliament. William Thomas did not stand for parliament again.
- Rhondda East constituency
- Rhondda West by-election, 1920
- Rhondda West by-election, 1967
- Rhondda (district)
- List of United Kingdom by-elections
- United Kingdom by-election records
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs [self-published source][better source needed]
|This by-elections to the Parliament of the United Kingdom in Wales-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|