Ribble Valley (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Ribble Valley in Lancashire.
Location of Lancashire within England.
|Electorate||77,437 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Bamber Bridge, Clitheroe, Gisburn|
|Member of parliament||Nigel Evans (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||North West England|
The Ribble Valley constituency was created in 1983 almost wholly from the former seat of Clitheroe. Much of the eastern part of the constituency lies within the historic county boundaries of the West Riding of Yorkshire.
The successor seat to Clitheroe, the Ribble Valley constituency was formed for the 1983 general election from the following electoral wards; Cadley, Greyfriars, Preston Rural East, and Sharoe Green (all of the borough of Preston), and the entire borough of Ribble Valley.
Between 1997 and 2010 boundaries were largely retained.
In the run-up to the 2010 general election the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies led Parliament to approve the creation of a new seat of Wyre and Preston North. This creation caused major changes to seats including Ribble Valley. This seat incorporated electoral wards from the south of the River Ribble for the first time. This brought a more urban element to the largely farming and rural mix of the existing seat.
The entire district of Ribble Valley is attached to nine wards from South Ribble Borough, namely Bamber Bridge East, Bamber Bridge West, Coupe Green and Gregson Lane, Farington East, Farington West, Lostock Hall, Samlesbury and Walton and Walton-le-Dale East and Walton-le-Dale West.  South Ribble Borough experienced major ward boundary changes prior to the May 2015 local elections.
The constituency enjoys scenic villages for both commuters and the retired and has slightly higher than national average income and much lower than average reliance upon social housing. Unemployment at the end of 2012 was significantly lower than the national average. With the exception of one year when, following a by-election, it was represented by a Liberal Democrat, the MP has been a Conservative; the lowest majority was 11.6% in 1997. Boundary changes in 2010 brought in more urban areas from the neighbouring South Ribble district, and with it a large number of Labour voters, particularly in Bamber Bridge where they have the majority of local councillors but also in Farington and Lostock Hall.
Six of the divisions on Lancashire County Council within the Ribble Valley Constituency after the United Kingdom local elections, 2013 were Conservative, with Labour having one. The Conservatives gained one division each from the LibDems and the Idle Toad parties, while Labour took one from the Conservatives. Labour also gained another Conservative seat that crosses the boundaries of the Ribble Valley and South Ribble constituencies. The Constituency comprises the whole of the Borough of Ribble Valley and a part of the Borough of South Ribble. In March 2015, two councillors, a Liberal Democrat and an Independent, defected to the Conservatives. Of the 40 Ribble Valley Borough Councillors, 35 are now Conservative and 5 are Liberal Democrat.  13 of the 20 South Ribble Borough Councillors within the Ribble Valley Constituency are Conservative and 7 are Labour.
Members of Parliament
|1991 by-election||Michael Carr||Liberal Democrat|
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2015: Ribble Valley|
|Liberal Democrat||Jackie Pearcey||2,756||5.3||-15.2|
|General Election 2010: Ribble Valley|
|Liberal Democrat||Allan Knox||10,732||20.5||−2.1|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Ribble Valley|
|Liberal Democrat||Julie Young||11,663||22.6||−5.2|
|General Election 2001: Ribble Valley|
|Liberal Democrat||Michael Carr||14,070||28.6||−6.4|
|Labour||Marcus Robert B. Johnstone||9,793||19.9||+4.2|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Ribble Valley|
|Liberal Democrat||Michael Carr||20,062||35.1||−3.2|
|Labour||Marcus Robert B. Johnstone||9,013||15.7||+7.0|
|Referendum Party||Julian A. Parkinson||1,297||2.3||N/A|
|Natural Law||Nicola M. Holmes||147||0.2||+0.0|
|General Election 1992: Ribble Valley|
|Liberal Democrat||Michael Carr||22,636||40.6||+19.2|
|Raving Loony Green Giant||David Beesley||152||0.3||N/A|
|Natural Law||Nicola M. Holmes||112||0.2||N/A|
|By-election 1991: Ribble Valley|
|Liberal Democrat||Michael Carr||22,377||48.5||+27.1|
|Independent Conservative||David Brass||611||1.3||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||Screaming Lord Sutch||278||0.6||N/A|
|Independent - Corrective Party||Lindi St Claire||72||0.2||N/A|
|Raving Loony Green Giant Clitheroe Kid||Stuart Hughes||60||0.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative||Swing||+24.7|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Ribble Valley|
|Social Democratic||Michael Carr||10,608||21.4||−1.7|
|General Election 1983: Ribble Valley|
|Social Democratic||Michael Carr||10,632||23.1||N/A|
|Labour||Ed A. Saville||6,214||13.5||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Crewe, Ivor; Anthony Fox (1983). British Parliamentary Constituencies - A Statistical Compendium. faber and faber. p. 269. ISBN 0-571-13236-7. Check date values in:
- 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
- 2001 Census
- 2011 census interactive maps
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Ribble Valley". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- BBC - Election 2010 - Ribble Valley
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.