Ribble Valley (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 53°52′23″N 2°23′28″W / 53.873°N 2.391°W / 53.873; -2.391

Ribble Valley
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Ribble Valley in Lancashire.
Outline map
Location of Lancashire within England.
County Lancashire
Electorate 77,437 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Bamber Bridge, Clitheroe, Gisburn
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of parliament Nigel Evans (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Clitheroe, Preston North, Darwen, Skipton and Fylde South[2]
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

Ribble Valley is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1992 by Nigel Evans, a Conservative.[n 2]

History[edit]

The Ribble Valley constituency was created in 1983 almost wholly from the former seat of Clitheroe. Much of the eastern part of the constituency lies within the historic county boundaries of the West Riding of Yorkshire.

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency enjoys scenic villages for both commuters and the retired, and has slightly higher than national average income and much lower than average reliance upon social housing.[3][4] By December 2012, unemployment was significantly lower than the national average.[5]

With the exception of one year when, following an by election, it was represented by an Liberal Democrat, the MP has been a Conservative; the lowest majority was 11.6% in 1997. Boundary changes in 2010 brought in more urban areas from the neighbouring South Ribble district, and with it a large number of Labour voters, particularly in Bamber Bridge where they have the majority of local councillors but also in Farington and Lostock Hall.

Six of the divisions on Lancashire County Council within the Ribble Valley Constituency after the United Kingdom local elections, 2013 were Conservative, with Labour having one. The Conservatives gained one division each from the LibDems and the Idle Toad parties, while Labour took one from the Conservatives. Labour also gained another Conservative seat that crosses the boundaries of the Ribble Valley and South Ribble constituencies.[6]

The Constituency comprises the whole of the Borough of Ribble Valley and a part of the Borough of South Ribble. In March 2015, two councillors, a Liberal Democrat and an Independent, defected to the Conservatives. Of the 40 Ribble Valley Borough Councillors, 35 are now Conservative and 5 are Liberal Democrat.[7] 13 of the 20 South Ribble Borough Councillors within the Ribble Valley Constituency are Conservative and 7 are Labour.

Boundaries[edit]

1983–1997: The Borough of Ribble Valley, and the Borough of Preston wards of Cadley, Greyfriars, Preston Rural East, and Sharoe Green.

1997–2010: The Borough of Ribble Valley, the Borough of Preston wards of Cadley, Greyfriars, Preston Rural East, Sharoe Green, and Sherwood, and the Borough of South Ribble wards of All Saints, and Samlesbury and Cuerdale.

2010–present: The Borough of Ribble Valley, and the Borough of South Ribble wards of Bamber Bridge East, Bamber Bridge North, Bamber Bridge West, Coupe Green and Gregson Lane, Farington East, Farington West, Lostock Hall, Samlesbury and Walton, Tardy Gate, and Walton-le-Dale.

In the run up to the 2010 General Election, the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies led Parliament to approve the creation of a new seat of Wyre and Preston North. This creation caused major changes to seats including Ribble Valley. This seat incorporated electoral wards from the south of the River Ribble for the first time. This brought an more urban element, to the largely farming and rural mix of the existing seat.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[8] Party Notes
1983 David Waddington Conservative Government Chief Whip 1987–1989; Home Secretary 1989–1990; Resigned 1990, on being raised to the peerage
1991 by election Michael Carr Liberal Democrat Defeated at 1992 General Election
1992 Nigel Evans Conservative First Deputy Chairman of Ways and Means 2010–2013
2013 Independent
2014 Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Ribble Valley[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Nigel Evans 25,404 48.6 −1.7
Labour David Hinder 11,798 22.6 +0.5
UKIP Shirley Parkinson 8,250 15.8 +9.1
Liberal Democrat Jackie Pearcey 2,756 5.3 −15.2
Green Graham Sowter 2,193 4.2 +4.2
Independent David Brass 1,498 2.9 N/A
Independent Grace Astley 288 0.6 N/A
Independent Tony Johnson 56 0.1 −0.3
Majority 13,606 26.0 −2.3
Turnout 52,243 67.1 +0.1
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 2010: Ribble Valley[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Nigel Evans 26,298 50.3 +5.4
Labour Paul Foster 11,529 22.0 −7.8
Liberal Democrat Allan Knox 10,732 20.5 −2.1
UKIP Stephen Rush 3,496 6.7 +4.0
Independent Tony Johnson 232 0.4 N/A
Majority 14,769 28.3 +13.2
Turnout 52,287 67.0 +5.5
Conservative hold Swing +6.6

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Ribble Valley[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Nigel Evans 25,834 51.9 +0.4
Liberal Democrat Julie Young 11,663 22.6 −5.2
Labour Jack Michael Davenport 10,924 21.9 +2.1
UKIP Kevin Henry 1,345 2.7 N/A
Majority 14,171 28.5
Turnout 49,776 65.7 −0.5
Conservative hold Swing +2.8
General Election 2001: Ribble Valley[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Nigel Evans 25,308 51.5 +4.8
Liberal Democrat Michael Carr 14,070 28.6 −6.4
Labour Marcus Robert B. Johnstone 9,793 19.9 +4.2
Majority 11,238 22.9
Turnout 49,171 66.2 −12.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Ribble Valley[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Nigel Evans 26,702 46.7 −5.9
Liberal Democrat Michael Carr 20,062 35.1 −3.2
Labour Marcus Robert B. Johnstone 9,013 15.7 +7.0
Referendum Julian Alan Parkinson 1,297 2.3 N/A
Natural Law Nicola Mary Holmes 147 0.2 +0.0
Majority 6,640 11.6
Turnout 57,221 78.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1992: Ribble Valley[16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Nigel Evans 29,178 52.4 −8.5
Liberal Democrat Michael Carr 22,636 40.6 +19.2
Labour Ronald Pickup 3,649 6.5 −;11.2
Raving Loony Green Giant David Beesley 152 0.3 N/A
Natural Law Nicola Mary Holmes 112 0.2 N/A
Majority 6,542 11.7 −27.7
Turnout 55,727 85.0 +5.9
Conservative hold Swing
By election 1991: Ribble Valley
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Michael Carr 22,377 48.5 +27.1
Conservative Nigel Evans 17,776 38.5 −22.3
Labour Josephine Farrington 4,356 9.5 −8.3
Independent Conservative David Anthony Brass 611 1.3 N/A
Green Halldora Ingham 466 1.0 N/A
Monster Raving Loony Screaming Lord Sutch 278 0.6 N/A
Liberal Simon Taylor 133 0.3 N/A
Independent - Corrective Party Lindi St Claire 72 0.2 N/A
Raving Loony Green Giant Clitheroe Kid Stuart Hughes 60 0.1 N/A
Majority 4,601 10.0
Turnout 46,129 71.1
Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative Swing +24.7

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Ribble Valley[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Charles Waddington 30,136 60.9 −2.5
Social Democratic Michael Carr 10,608 21.4 −1.7
Labour Greg Pope 8,781 17.7 +4.2
Majority 19,528 39.4
Turnout 49,525 79.1
Conservative hold Swing −0.4
General Election 1983: Ribble Valley[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Charles Waddington 29,223 63.4 N/A
Social Democratic Michael Carr 10,632 23.1 N/A
Labour Edward Andrew Saville 6,214 13.5 N/A
Majority 18,591 40.4 N/A
Turnout 46,060 76.8 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "'Ribble Valley', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  3. ^ 2001 Census
  4. ^ 2011 census interactive maps
  5. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  6. ^ http://www.ribblevalley.gov.uk/info/200221/elections/1446/lancashire_county_council_election_2013
  7. ^ http://www.ribblevalley.gov.uk/info/200218/councillors
  8. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  9. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Ribble Valley". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2015. 
  11. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  12. ^ BBC - Election 2010 - Ribble Valley
  13. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  15. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  18. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  19. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 

External links[edit]