Ribes alpinum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alpine currant
Ribes alpinum - berries (aka).jpg
A twig of alpine currants
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Grossulariaceae
Genus: Ribes
R. alpinum
Binomial name
Ribes alpinum
  • Ribes lucidum Kit.
  • Grossularia alpestris Bubani
  • Grossularia insipida Rupr.
  • Liebichia alpina (L.) Opiz
  • Liebichia gottsteinii Opiz
  • Ribes alpinum subsp. lucidum (Kit.) Jasicová
  • Ribes alpinum subsp. lucidum Pawł.
  • Ribes pallidigemmum Simonk.
  • Ribes scopolii Hladnik

Ribes alpinum, known as mountain currant[2] or alpine currant,[3] is a small deciduous, dioecious[4] shrub native to central and northern Europe from Finland and Norway south to the Alps and Pyrenees and Caucasus, Georgia; in the south of its range, it is confined to high altitudes. It is scarce in western Europe, in Britain being confined to a small number of sites in northern England and Wales.[5]

R. alpinum grows to 2 metres (6+12 feet) tall and 1.5 m (5 ft) broad, with an upright and dense shape. The bark is initially smooth and light grey, later it becomes brownish grey and eventually starts to flake off. The buds are scattered, compressed and light green to white. The leaves are palmate. The upper side of the leaves are dark green with scattered hair, while the bottom is light green. The male and female flowers are on distinct specimens. Both kinds of flowers are organized in clusters in the corners of the leaves, where the male's are the longest. The individual flowers are small and greenish-yellow. The fruit is red, clear and resembles a redcurrant, but has an insipid taste. The seeds germinate readily.[4][6]


  1. ^ The Plant List, Ribes alpinum L.
  2. ^ BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  3. ^ USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Ribes alpinum". The PLANTS Database (plants.usda.gov). Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
  4. ^ a b Agroatlas, Agricultural Ecological Atlas of Russia and Neighboring Countries
  5. ^ "Flora Europaea: Ribes alpinum query results". Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Retrieved August 20, 2009.
  6. ^ Wilde Planten in Nederlane en België, Ribes alpinum in Dutch with photos and global distribution map