Ribes hirtellum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Ribes hirtellum
Ribes hirtellum fruit.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Grossulariaceae
Genus: Ribes
Species: R. hirtellum
Binomial name
Ribes hirtellum
Michx. 1803
Synonyms[1][2]
  • Grossularia hirtella (Michx.) Spach
  • Grossularia hirtella var. calcicola (Fernald) A. Berger
  • Ribes oxyacanthoides var. hirtellum (Michx.) Scoggan
  • Ribes oxyacanthoides var. calcicola Fernald

Ribes hirtellum is a North American species of gooseberry known by the common names American gooseberry,[3] hairy-stem gooseberry,[3] hairy gooseberry,[3] and wedge-leaf gooseberry,[3] native to Canada and to the northeastern and north-central United States.[4][5] Cultivated gooseberries are derived from this species and from Ribes uva-crispa.[4]

Use in gooseberry breeding[edit]

Whereas R. uva-crispa crops have been devastated by American gooseberry mildew, Podosphaera mors-uvae (syn: Sphaerotheca mors-uvae), which was accidentally introduced to Europe, R. hirtellum is resistant. It is one of four American species that have been interbred with R. uva-crispa to produce resistant cultivars similar to the original R. uva-crispa cultivars.[6] Cultivar 'Houghton' is one of those obtained by crossing R. uva-crispa with R. hirtellum.[6]

References[edit]

External links[edit]