Ribes hirtellum

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Ribes hirtellum
Ribes hirtellum fruit.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Grossulariaceae
Genus: Ribes
Species:
R. hirtellum
Binomial name
Ribes hirtellum
Michx. 1803
Synonyms[1][2]
  • Grossularia hirtella (Michx.) Spach
  • Grossularia hirtella var. calcicola (Fernald) A. Berger
  • Ribes oxyacanthoides var. hirtellum (Michx.) Scoggan
  • Ribes oxyacanthoides var. calcicola Fernald

Ribes hirtellum is a North American species of gooseberry known by the common names American gooseberry,[3] hairy-stem gooseberry,[3] hairy gooseberry,[3] and wedge-leaf gooseberry,[3] native to Canada and to the northeastern and north-central United States.[4][5] Cultivated gooseberries are derived from this species and from Ribes uva-crispa.[4]

Use in gooseberry breeding[edit]

Whereas R. uva-crispa crops have been devastated by American gooseberry mildew, Podosphaera mors-uvae (syn: Sphaerotheca mors-uvae), which was accidentally introduced to Europe, R. hirtellum is resistant. It is one of four American species that have been interbred with R. uva-crispa to produce resistant cultivars similar to the original R. uva-crispa cultivars.[6] Cultivar 'Houghton' is one of those obtained by crossing R. uva-crispa with R. hirtellum.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species".
  2. ^ Tropicos, Ribes hirtellum Michx.
  3. ^ a b c d "Ribes hirtellum". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  4. ^ a b Nancy R. Morin (2009), "Ribes", Flora of North America North of Mexico, online
  5. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 state-level distribution map
  6. ^ a b Warren, J.; James, P. (2006). "The ecological effects of exotic disease resistance genes introgressed into British gooseberries". Oecologia. 147 (1): 69–75. doi:10.1007/s00442-005-0257-3. PMID 16205951.

External links[edit]