Ricardo de Jaxa Malachowski

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Ricardo de Jaxa Malachowski

Ricardo de Jaxa Malachowski (Polish: Ryszard Jaxa-Małachowski Kulisicz) was a Peruvian architect of Polish and Slovak origin.

He was born on May 14, 1887 in Prochorowa, near Odessa, at the very southwest of Russian Empire (today in Ukraine). His father was August Jaxa-Malachowski (Pole) and his mother was Malvina Kulisicz (Slovakian).

Studied architecture at École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and graduated with distinctions. Most of his professional activity was in Peru, where he moved in 1911 after Edward Jan Habich asked him to lead the Faculty of Architecture at the Escuela Especial de Ingenieros de Construcciones Civiles y de Minas del Peru (today the Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería). He worked there for 33 years and is the author of the “Theory of Architecture”. He married María Benavides Diez Canseco, the daughter of the future president.

He's known as the main architect of Government Palace of Peru in Lima(1938; also involved were arch. Claude Sahut). Other important projects: Rímac Building (1919-24), Congress Building, Façade of the Archbishop’s Palace (1924), interiors of the Mayor’s Office in Lima, National Club, Society of Engineers, facade of the City’s Theatre, Office of Deposits & Consignations, Bank of Italia (today Credit Bank), Embassy of Columbia, urban design and a preliminary design of the buildings at the principal Avenue Paseo de la Republica and the Dos de Mayo Square. Was the architect of various buildings in the center of Lima, residential sectors of Lima and sea resorts (such as Santa María del Mar, Distrito de San Bartolo, Santa María de Chosia).

He died on December 6, 1972 in Lima, at the age of 85.


  • R. Gutkowski: O Polakach, którzy zbudowali Amerykę Południową. Polska Gazeta Wrocławska, 20 V 2008.
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