KTRU Rice Radio
|City of license||Houston|
|First air date||1967|
|Former frequencies||91.7 MHz (1967–2011)
91.5 (campus translator) (1999–2011)
KTRU Rice Radio, usually referred to by its former callsign KTRU (stylized as ktru), is a college radio station broadcasting a freeform-eclectic music format on the air via a digital subchannel of KPFT. The station is owned by Rice University, and is managed by its students. KTRU's broadcast tower, FM frequency and license were transferred to the University of Houston System, and the station ceased broadcasting on the 91.7 FM frequency on April 28, 2011.
KTRU's programming includes variety of genres including modern classical, reggae, indie rock, screwed and chopped, spoken word and local experimental noise bands. During evening hours, the station broadcast shows geared to particular musical genres and themes.
The station has promoted and sponsored independent and local music through sponsoring shows at local venues and on its university campus. The station organizes a Rice battle of the bands every year as well as an annual outdoor show featuring local and touring bands.
In addition to the main station, KTRU's programming was relayed by a broadcast translator to improve reception in the area surrounding the Rice campus. Although it could have been used to continue the student programming by using KPFT's HD channel as its source, the translator was included in the sale to the University of Houston System.
|City of license||ERP
The roots of KTRU began in February 1967 in a residential college at Rice, Hanszen College, where several students broadcast music in the Old Section part of the dorm using an unlicensed 2 watt AM station, using the call sign KHCR (Hanszen College radio) and the wiring of a buzzer system. The next fall, the station transformed into an AM carrier current station with wires running through the steam tunnel system connecting the dormitories to a studio located in the basement of the Rice Memorial Center using the call sign KOWL, a nod to the Rice University mascot.
The station moved to FM after a license was granted by the FCC to the Rice University Board of Governors. Since KOWL was already in use at the time, KTRU was chosen as a substitute. The station began FM operations in 1971 with a transmitter located in Sid Richardson College. Initially broadcasting at 10 watts, the students engineered an increase to 340 watts in April 1974 and 650 watts in October 1980. The broadcast day also increased from the initial evening-only hours to 10 to 12 hours a day on weekdays and most of the weekend. In 1981, the station expanded its broadcast hours to 24 hours per day. In 1987, a major of expansion of the student center was completed and the station's studios were relocated to the 2nd floor of the Ley Student Center.
In 1991, the station's transmitter was moved to the north of Houston, increased in power to 50,000 watts and presented with an operating endowment by Mike Stude, the owner of Houston-area radio station KRTS (now KROI) and an heir of the founders of Brown & Root. This move enabled KRTS to increase from 3,000 watts to 50,000 watts without interfering with the station's signal.
In 1997, a university committee released a report recommending expanding coverage of university programs to 12 hours of the broadcast day, the hiring of professional staff, and increasing marketing of the station, in addition to studio expansion and technology upgrades. At the recommendation of the committee, a professional General Manager was hired in 1998 with the Station Manager still staffed by a student volunteer.
In 2000, university administrators threatened to withhold financing and other resources the station receives through student fees unless the station increased the air time devoted to Rice University sports. As a result, KTRU more than doubled the number of sports games it broadcast per week. On 2000-11-30 student volunteers entered the station to host their weekly punk show and found that their slot had been preempted by a sports game without prior notice and they were expected to operate the board during the broadcast. The DJs protested by playing punk rock music concurrently with the game during its last hour. A university administrator called the station manager and demanded that he discipline the DJs. When the station manager refused, the university administration responded by physically locking students out of the station and replacing its programming with a satellite feed from the World Radio Network. The administration cited the station's by-laws which gives the university president ultimate authority over the station. Students protested the shut-down, including a silent protest outside the University Board of Governors meeting. The station shutdown and protests received coverage in the press and students submitted a petition in support of the student-run station with over 700 signatures. The lockout lasted 8 days before the station was returned to student control with joint oversight from the university administration.
On August 17, 2010, Rice University announced that it had been in negotiations to sell the station's broadcast tower, FM frequency and license to the University of Houston System to become a full-time classical music and fine arts programming station. The new station, KUHA, would be operated as a not-for-profit outlet with listener supporters. The FCC approved the sale and granted the transfer of license to the University of Houston System on April 15, 2011.
Notable station alumni
- Stan Barber, significant contributor to Network News Transfer Protocol, and chair of the Texas IPv6 Task Force
- John Doerr, venture capitalist with Kleiner, Perkins, Caufield & Byers
- Kyle Henry, film director and editor whose work has premiered at Sundance Film Festival and the Cannes Film Festival 
- Scott Hochberg, representative to Texas House District 137 since 2003 and co-founder of Logitek Audio
- Tim Holy, Ph.D., neurobiologist at Washington University and NIH Pioneer Awardee
- Ray Isle, Wine Editor at Food & Wine
- Sarah L. Keller, Ph.D. Professor of Chemistry and Associate Dean of Research at the University of Washington and winner of numerous awards including the 2010 Avanti Young Investigator Award, and the NSF CAREER Award her work in cell membrane lipids.
- Bruce Mast, former mayor of Albany, California 
- Michele Wucker, executive director of the World Policy Institute and 2007 Guggenheim Awardee 
In popular culture
- In Jonathan Franzen's Strong Motion, protagonist Louis Holland attends Rice University where he is station manager of KTRU. He also has a brief affair with a female KTRU DJ.
- "KTRU Station Information Profile". Arbitron.
- FCC. "Correspondence for KTRU". Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- "Sadness alert: KTRU to shut down in a week". April 20, 2011. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
- "The evolution of Rice radio". Rice Thresher. 27-OCT-00. Retrieved 2008-08-31. Check date values in:
- Kern, Lauren (January 11, 2001). "Rice University's slow, systematic makeover of KTRU is just the latest example of a college determined to pattern itself after corporate America". Houston Press. Retrieved 2008-08-31.
- CINELLI, MICHAEL. "KTRU Format Changes Will Benefit Students". press release. Rice University. Archived from the original on October 9, 1999.
- Kever, Jeannie (August 16, 2010). "UH System board considers plan to buy Rice radio station". Houston Chronicle.
- FCC. "Correspondence for KTRU". Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- "KTRU programming to be available via KPFT HD2 radio broadcasts". February 5, 2011. Retrieved April 18, 2011.
- Laura (no family name given). "KTRU station off air, but still broadcasting online" (Archive). Houston Chronicle. April 28, 2011. Retrieved on April 29, 2011.
- Wermund, Benjamin. "Popular Rice radio station returning to airwaves" (Archive). Houston Chronicle. February 9, 2015. Retrieved on February 10, 2015.
- Burdman, Pamela (20-MAR-98). "Regents’ Panel OKs Plan For UC Housing". SFGate. Retrieved 2010-09-15. Check date values in: