Rice milk

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Rice milk, unsweetened
Rice milk.jpg
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy195 kJ (47 kcal)
9.2 g
Sugars5.3 g
Dietary fiber0.3 g
1.0 g
0.3 g
VitaminsQuantity %DV
Thiamine (B1)
3%
0.03 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
1%
0.014 mg
Niacin (B3)
3%
0.4 mg
Pantothenic acid (B5)
3%
0.15 mg
Vitamin B6
3%
0.04 mg
Folate (B9)
1%
2 μg
Vitamin B12
26%
0.63 μg
Vitamin C
0%
0 mg
Vitamin D
7%
1 μg
Vitamin E
3%
0.47 mg
Vitamin K
0%
0.2 μg
MineralsQuantity %DV
Calcium
12%
118 mg
Copper
2%
0.04 mg
Iron
2%
0.2 mg
Magnesium
3%
11 mg
Manganese
13%
0.28 mg
Phosphorus
8%
56 mg
Potassium
1%
27 mg
Sodium
3%
39 mg
Zinc
1%
0.13 mg
Other constituentsQuantity
Water89.3 g

Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Rice milk is a plant milk made from rice. Commercial rice milk is typically manufactured using brown rice and brown rice syrup, and may be sweetened using sugar or sugar substitutes, and flavored by common ingredients, such as vanilla.[1] It is commonly fortified with protein and micronutrients, such as vitamin B12, calcium, iron, or vitamin D.[1][2]

Nutrition[edit]

Rice milk (unsweetened) is 89% water, 9% carbohydrates, 1% fat, and contains negligible protein (table). A 100 ml reference amount provides 47 calories, and – if purposely fortified during manufacturing – 26% of the Daily Value (DV) for vitamin B12 (table). It also supplies calcium (12% DV; fortified) and manganese (13% DV; fortified) in moderate amounts, but otherwise is low in micronutrients. Feeding infants exclusively on rice milk (as a substitute for cow or breast milk) can be fatal. https://www.theage.com.au/national/parents-fed-baby-only-on-rice-milk-20020514-gdu7dm.html


Comparison to dairy milk[edit]

Compared to cow's milk, rice milk contains more carbohydrates (9% vs. 5%), but does not contain significant amounts of calcium or protein, and no cholesterol or lactose.[3][4] Commercial brands of rice milk are often fortified with vitamins and minerals, including calcium, vitamin B12, vitamin B3, and iron.[1][3] It has a glycemic index of 86 compared to 37 for skim milk and 39 for whole milk.[5]

Rice milk is the least allergenic among plant milks,[1] and may be consumed by people who are lactose intolerant, allergic to soy or milk.[1] It is also used as a dairy substitute by vegans.[1][6]

Commercial brands[edit]

Commercial brands of rice milk are available in various flavors, such as vanilla, as well as unflavored, and can be used in many recipes as an alternative to traditional cow milk.[1]

Preparation[edit]

Rice milk is made commercially by pressing the rice through a grinding mill, followed by filtration and blending in water.[2][7] It may be made at home using rice flour and brown rice protein, or by boiling brown rice with a large volume of water, blending and filtering the mixture.[2]

Environmental concerns[edit]

Rice paddies require substantial water resources, and may enable fertilizers and pesticides to migrate into contiguous waterways.[8][9][6] Bacteria inhabiting rice paddies release methane into the atmosphere, emitting this greenhouse gas in quantities greater than other plant milks.[8][9]

Rice milk production uses less water than dairy milk and almond milk, but considerably more than soy milk or oat milk.[6]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Meagan Bridges (1 January 2018). "Moo-ove over, cow's milk: The rise of plant-based dairy alternatives" (PDF). Practical Gastroenterology, University of Virginia Medical School. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  2. ^ a b c Sarika Nava (1 November 2019). "What is rice milk? How is it different from other forms of milk?". NDTV Food. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Beverages, rice milk, unsweetened", United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service.
  4. ^ "Milk, whole, 3.25% milkfat, with added vitamin D", United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service.
  5. ^ Atkinson, Fiona S.; Foster-Powell, Kaye; Brand-Miller, Jennie C. (2008-12-01). "International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008". Diabetes Care. 31 (12): 2281–2283. doi:10.2337/dc08-1239. ISSN 0149-5992. PMC 2584181. PMID 18835944.
  6. ^ a b c Guibourg, Clara; Briggs, Helen (2019-02-22). "Which vegan milks are best for the planet?". BBC News: Science and Environment. Retrieved 2019-09-04.
  7. ^ Courtney Subramanian (26 February 2014). "Milk-off! The real skinny on soy, almond, and rice". Time. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  8. ^ a b Annette McGivney (29 January 2020). "Almonds are out. Dairy is a disaster. So what milk should we drink?". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  9. ^ a b Poore, J.; Nemecek, T. (31 May 2018). "Reducing food's environmental impacts through producers and consumers". Science. 360 (6392): 987–992. doi:10.1126/science.aaq0216. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 29853680.

External links[edit]