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|Place of origin||China|
|Region or state||East Asia, Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia|
|Main ingredients||Rice flour, water|
|Variations||Mí fěn, Shāhé fěn, Mi xian, Bánh canh, Bánh phở, Idiyappam, Sevai, Khanom chin|
Rice noodles, or simply rice noodle, are noodles made from rice. The principal ingredients are rice flour and water. Sometimes ingredients such as tapioca or corn starch are added in order to improve the transparency or increase the gelatinous and chewy texture of the noodles.
Rice noodles are most common in the cuisines of East and Southeast Asia, and are available fresh, frozen, or dried, in various shapes, thicknesses, and textures. However, fresh noodles are highly perishable; their shelf life may be just several days. The shelf life may be extended by drying and removing its moisture content. Studies of drying rice noodles were conducted by the International Food Research Journal.
In Tamil Nadu and parts of Kerala, Sri Lanka, Laos, Singapore, and Malaysia, a type of rice noodle known as idiyappam is usually made fresh at home and tends to be tender with a distinctive texture. A variation of idiappam, known as sevai in Tamil Nadu, is used as the base in savoury preparations; it is also called santhakai in the Coimbatore region of Tamil Nadu. A similar preparation, shyavige, is popular in Karnataka.
Rice noodles originated in China during the Qin dynasty, historical records show that when people from northern China invaded the south, they preferred noodles made from wheat flour because they were not accustomed to eating rice. Due to climatic conditions, the northern Chinese have traditionally preferred wheat and millet which grew in cold weather while the southern Chinese preferred rice which grew in hot weather. To adapt, northern cooks tried to prepare "noodles" using rice, thus inventing rice noodles. Over time rice noodles and their processing methods have been introduced around the world, becoming especially popular in Southeast Asia.
- Mi Fun (米粉, rice vermicelli, also known by many other names in a number of Asian countries)
- Ho Fun (河粉, also called hé fěn)
- Mi xian (米線, from Yunnan Province)
- Bánh canh
- Bánh phở
- Idiyappam (இடியாப்பம்)
- Sevai (சேவை|சேவை/சந்தகை/சேமியா)
- Khanom chin (Thai: ขนมจีน)
Dishes made from rice noodles
- Rice noodles in coconut milk
- Kuai tiao
- Khao soi
- Mi krop
- Nam ngiao
- Kuai tiao nam tok
- Phat khi mao
- Pad Thai
- Phat si-io
- Rat na
- Kuai tiao khua kai
- Bánh cuốn - sheet of rice flour filled with spiced minced pork and mushroom
- Bánh hỏi
- Bún bò Huế - rice vermicelli in soup with beef, lemon grass and other ingredients
- Bún riêu - rice vermicelli in soup with crab meat
- Mì Quảng
- Summer roll
- Ismail, M.H. "Transparency phenomena of flat-rice noodles (kuew teow) at drying at soaking variation" (PDF). www.ifrj.upm.edu.my. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
- Liu, Y.L. (2010). Processing technology of rice and its products. China: China Light Industry Press. pp. 84–85.