Rice production in Nepal
Rice production in Nepal is very important to the food supply in the country and national economy. Southern Nepal supports the climate required for production of rice. Nepal was self-sufficient in terms of consumption before few decades but lately Nepal imports rice from China, India, Bangladesh and Thailand.
Only 14,50.000 -15,20,000 hacter of land of nepal is cultivated with rice. rate of production is 2.8 - 3.2
rice productivity in nepal is 3171 kg/hac
rice cultivation at higher altitude is at 3060mm in JUMLA, NEPAL
Except two districts (Manang and Mustang) rice is cultivated in all districts of Nepal, which is the country with seventy five districts. Normally season for rice plantation begins from the second week of June whereas in Terai region it starts from the last week. Rice plantation concludes by the first week of September.
Rice cultivation is mainly dependent to rainfall and is the main determining factor.
Roughly, rice is cultivated in 1.5 million hectares of arable land in Nepal.Rice is the main crop in Nepal and contributes around 50 percent in the total crops production.
Major Causes of low productivity in nepal at present time
-Erratic rainfall/ irregular rainfall
-Lack of irrigation(only 23%land have regular irrigation facility,remaining land waits for monsoon rainfall)
-unavialability of quality seed, only 8 to 9% quality seed is provided
-lack of fertilizer; 22 to 25 kg/hac./annum,while in punjab (india) more than 100 kg nutrient is applied per hacter per annum.
-cause of disease and insects;no proper use of pesticides and insectides
CLIMATE FOR RICE PRODUCTION:
1)HOT CLIMATE:20'-35'C at pollination stage
2)high temperature about 28'-35'C at tillering stage
3)25'-30'C at flowering stage
4)20'-30'C at ripening stage
Paddy seen in Sundarijal
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