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|Alternative names||Rice noodles, rice sticks|
|Place of origin||China|
|Region or state||East Asia, Indian subcontinent, and Southeast Asia|
|Thai||เส้นหมี่ (sen mee)|
Rice vermicelli are a thin form of rice noodles. They are sometimes referred to as rice noodles or rice sticks, but they should not be confused with cellophane noodles, a different Asian type of vermicelli made from mung bean starch or rice starch rather than rice grains itself.
Presentation and varieties
Rice vermicelli are a part of several Asian cuisines, where they are often eaten as part of a soup dish, stir-fry, or salad. One particularly well-known, slightly thicker variety, called Guilin mǐfěn (桂林米粉), comes from the southern Chinese city of Guilin, where it is a breakfast staple.
Rice vermicelli is widely known in Asia by cognates of Hokkien 米粉 (bí-hún, literally "rice vermicelli"). These include bīfun (Japan); bíjon or bihon (Philippines); bee hoon (Singapore); bihun (Malaysia and Indonesia); and bún (Vietnam).
Naming in Taiwan
Beginning July 1, 2014, Food and Drug Administration of Taiwan rules have been in effect that only products made of 100% rice can be labeled and sold as "米粉" in Taiwan, usually translated as "rice vermicelli" or "rice noodle". If the product contains starch or other kinds of grain powder as ingredients but is made of at least 50% rice, it is to be labeled as "調和米粉", meaning "blended rice vermicelli". Products made of less than 50% rice cannot be labelled as rice vermicelli.
- Cantonese noodles: A large number of Cantonese dishes use this ingredient (called 米粉 maifun or rice in Cantonese). Usually the noodles are simmered in broth with other ingredients such as fish balls, beef balls, and/or fish slices.
- In Fujian and Teochew cuisine, rice vermicelli is a commonly used noodle and is served either in soup, stir-fried and dressed with a sauce, or even 'dry' (without soup) with added ingredients and condiments.
- Singapore-style noodles (星州炒米, Xīng zhōu cháo mǐ) is a dish of fried rice vermicelli common in Hong Kong Cantonese-style eateries, inspired by the spicy cuisines of Southeast Asia. This dish is made from rice vermicelli, char siu, egg, shrimp and curry.
- Sevai is a south Indian dish prepared in houses during festive occasions. It is had in different flavours like lemon sevai, tamarind sevai and coconut milk sevai.
- Sawaeyaa is a dish made from semolina vermicelli cooked in milk sugar and dry nuts. It is eaten on Diwali, Eid, and other festive occasions in northern parts of India and Pakistan.
- "शेवया" (in Marathi Language) or "Shevaya" are served to groom and bride a day before their wedding called "Halad" / (हळद)" in some parts of Maharashtra.
- Paayasam is a South Indian sweet dish made from vermicelli, sago, sugar, spices and nuts and milk.
- Santhakai is a staple South Indian breakfast dish.
- Bihun goreng, a Chinese Indonesian cuisine, stir fried rice vermicelli with sweet soy sauce
- Bihun rebus or bihun kuah, also Chinese Indonesian cuisine rice vermicelli soup
- Lumpia and risoles, several types of spring rolls gorengan (fritters) use rice vermicelli and vegetables filling
- Sop oyong, Chinese okra vegetable soup with rice vermicelli
- Soto, various types of soto (traditional Indonesian soup) often add rice vermicelli in it, such as Soto ayam
- Tekwan, a surimi type fish ball soup related to pempek from South Sumatra, also add rice vermicelli, mushroom, jicama and sedap malam flower
In Malaysia, the rice vermicelli can be called and found as Mihun, Mi hoon, Mee Hoon, Bihun, or Bee Hoon.
- Bihun Sup is a Malay style dish, mixed with spiced beef broth or chicken broth. Sometimes it comes with sambal kicap (pounded bird's eye chilli mixed with dark soy sauce) as a condiment.
- Bihun Kari mixed with curry, added with mung bean sprout, fried tofu and red chillies sambal.
- Bihun soto is in a yellow spicy chicken broth, served with chicken and potato cutlet.
- Hokkien mee throughout Malaysia varies considerably due to regional differences.
- Bihun Tom Yam is mixed with tom yam.
- Laksa Sarawak is mixed with a base of sambal belacan, sour tamarind, garlic, galangal, lemon grass and coconut milk, topped with omelette strips, chicken strips, prawns, fresh coriander and optionally lime. Ingredients such as bean sprouts, (sliced) fried tofu or other seafood are not traditional but are sometimes added.
- Mi Siam is a stir-fried style dish.
- Mohinga, in Myanmar, is rice vermicelli served with curry gravy and fish.
- Mont Di is rice vermicelli served with clear fish soup or as salad with fish flakes.
- Kyar san kyaw is rice vermicelli fried with vegetables.
- Pancit bihon (or pancit bihon guisado) is a general term for rice vermicelli dishes with a mixture of stir-fried shrimp, meat (usually pork or chicken) and various vegetables cooked in an adobo-style sauce with garlic, black pepper, soy sauce, patis (fish sauce), and other spices to taste. Usually topped with hard-boiled eggs and served with calamansi as a condiment.
- Pancit choca (or pancit choca en su tinta) is a black seafood noodle dish made with squid ink and rice vermicelli from Cavite.
- Pancit palabok is a rice vermicelli dish with shrimp sauce, topped with shrimp, pork, crushed chicharon, tinapa (smoked fish) flakes, hard-boiled eggs, scallions, and toasted garlic. Served with calamansi.
- Pancit miki at bihon guisado is a combination of pancit bihon and pancit miki (egg noodles).
- Pancit canton at bihon guisado is a combination of pancit bihon and pancit canton (wheat noodles).
- Kerabu bee hoon is a Nyonya-style rice vermicelli dish, mixed with herbs and other seasonings.
- Hokkien mee, commonly in Singapore, consists of rice vermicelli mixed with yellow noodles and fried with shrimp, sliced cuttlefish and pork bits. Hokkien mee throughout Malaysia varies considerably due to regional differences.
- Satay bee hoon is rice vermicelli served with spicy peanut satay sauce, common in Singapore.
- Seafood Bee Hoon is a rice vermicelli cooked with sauce and served in tasty seafood broth and seafood such as Lobster, crayfish, clams, scallops and prawns.
- Taiwanese fried rice vermicelli is the dry, stir-fried local style (particularly known in the Hsinchu region). Its main ingredients include sliced pork, dried shrimp, and carrots.
- A Hsinchu specialty is to serve rice vermicelli 'dry' 乾 (gan, not in a soup) with mushroom and ground pork.
- Bánh hỏi
- Bún riêu is rice vermicelli in soup with crab meat.
- Bún bò Huế is rice vermicelli in soup with beef from Huế.
- Bún thịt nướng is a Vietnamese dish consisting of grilled pork (often shredded) and vermicelli noodles over a bed of greens (salad and sliced cucumber), herbs and bean sprouts. Also, it often includes a few chopped spring rolls, spring onions, and shrimp. It is commonly served with roasted peanuts on top and a small bowl of nước mắm pha (fish sauce with garlic, chilli, sugar, lime juice, water or coconut juice).
- Gỏi cuốn is rice vermicelli with pork, shrimp and herbs in a rice paper roll. It is served with nước chấm.
- Lori Alden (2005). "Asian Rice Noodles". Retrieved November 4, 2011.
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- Uy, Amy A. (24 February 2013). "Asiong's Carinderia: Why it still is the pride of Cavite City". GMA News Online. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
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