May 22, 1942 |
Key West, Florida
|Occupation||Former MLB umpire|
|Weight||175 lb (79 kg).|
Richard Raul Garcia (born May 22, 1942) is a former umpire in Major League Baseball (MLB) who worked in the American League (AL) from 1975 to 1999. Garcia wore uniform number 19 when the AL adopted numbers for its umpires in 1980.
After graduating from his hometown's Key West High School in 1960, Garcia served in the United States Marine Corps as a combat engineer until 1964. Stationed in Okinawa and North Carolina during his tour of duty, he also played on the Marine Corps baseball team for three years.
He completed his training from MLB's Umpire Specialization Course in 1970. He progressed up the minor leagues, starting with the Florida State League in 1970 and 1971, followed by the Southern League in 1972 and the International League in 1973 and 1974. During those five years he worked during the offseason in the Florida Instructional League (1970–1971, 1973–1974) and the Dominican Winter Baseball League (1972–1973).
Garcia was hired by the American League in 1975, working at third base in his major league debut in the Minnesota Twins' season-opening 11–4 victory over the Texas Rangers at Arlington Stadium on April 8. His first assignment behind the plate was the Rangers' 7–5 loss to the defending World Series Champion Oakland Athletics in the same ballpark three nights later on April 11.
Garcia was promoted to AL crew chief in 1985.
Garcia worked two All-Star Games (1980, 1992), three American League Division Series (1995, 1997, 1998), five American League Championship Series (1978, 1982, 1986, 1990, 1996) and four World Series (1981, 1984, 1989, 1998). He was crew chief for the 1989 and 1998 World Series, as well as the 1990 ALCS.
Garcia is one of seven major leagues umpires who have officiated in two perfect games. He was behind the plate when Len Barker did it in the Cleveland Indians' 3–0 victory over the Toronto Blue Jays on May 15, 1981. Garcia was umpiring at second base for the one David Wells pitched in the New York Yankees' 4–0 win over the Minnesota Twins on May 17, 1998.
In 1996, Garcia made a controversial call during Game 1 of the American League Championship Series between the Baltimore Orioles and the Yankees; he was umpiring in right field. In the 8th inning, the Yankees tied the game 4-4 when Derek Jeter hit a fly ball to right field that 12-year-old fan Jeffrey Maier pulled into the stands after reaching over the right field wall. Garcia ruled it a home run, but after seeing a replay admitted that he had made a mistake after the game; the Yankees won the game in 11 innings and would go on to win the series.
Another call by Garcia that was questioned by some media members came in Game 1 of the 1998 World Series. Padres pitcher Mark Langston appeared to have struck out Tino Martinez on a 2–2 pitch with the bases loaded and two outs in the 7th inning with the game tied at 5-5. Garcia, however, called the pitch a ball, and Martinez hit Langston's next pitch for a grand slam.
Garcia took part in the 1999 Major League Umpires Association mass resignation which was engineered by Richie Phillips, the union's executive director. When the strategy backfired, Garcia lost his job because his resignation was one of the 22 accepted by Major League Baseball. After working as a consultant for the baseball commissioner's office, he was hired as a MLB umpire supervisor in 2002. On March 8 of that year, the New York Daily News disclosed that in 1989 he and National League umpire Frank Pulli had associated with Florida-based bookmakers who were known drug dealers. Three days later, the Boston Herald reported that, according to information collected from federal wiretaps, both umpires had problems paying off their gambling debts. The punishment MLB had applied to Garcia and Pulli at the time was only two years' probation. Garcia, along with fellow supervisors Marty Springstead and Jim McKean, were ousted on March 6, 2010 as a result of a 2009 postseason which was plagued by various high-profile questionable calls that drew a firestorm of criticism from fans and the media.
Outside of Major League Baseball
Garcia has instructed at various umpire schools for several years and also conducted umpiring clinics during the offseason while serving as an active major league umpire.
- Interview with Rich Garcia – referee.com.
- Umpire Development History – Minor League Baseball.
- Minnesota Twins 11, Texas Rangers 4; Tuesday, April 8, 1975 (N) at Arlington Stadium – Retrosheet.
- Oakland Athletics 7, Texas Rangers 5; Friday, April 11, 1975 (N) at Arlington Stadium – Retrosheet.
- Cleveland Indians 3, Toronto Blue Jays 0; Friday, May 15, 1981 (N) at Cleveland Stadium – Baseball-Reference.com.
- New York Yankees 4, Minnesota Twins 0; Sunday, May 17, 1998 (D) at Yankee Stadium – Baseball-Reference.com.
- Curry, Jack (2009-10-11). "Umpire's Bad Call Recalls Maier Incident in '96". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-02-07.
- Curry, Jack (1996-10-10). "Winning With a Boy's Help, Yankees Make No Apologies". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-02-07.
- Lupica, Mike (1998-10-18). "A Night For Redemption". Daily News. Retrieved 2010-02-07.
- Vecsey, George (1998-10-18). "Sports of The Times; Yankees Themselves Raise Stakes". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-02-07.
- "Six more will split $2.3M in severence pay," The Associated Press, Friday, December 24, 2004.
- Wolper, Allan. "The Secrets Of Major League Baseball," Editor & Publisher, Monday, April 8, 2002.
- Stephens, Bailey. "MLB appoints new umpire supervisors," MLB.com, Saturday, March 6, 2010.
- "UEFL Profile of MLB Umpire: Vic Carapazza." Close Call Sports and the Umpire Ejection Fantasy League. March 13, 2013.