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Richa (rucha) refers to a shloka (couplet) or mantra, usually two to four sentences long, found in the Sanskrit religious scriptures, the Vedas. The etymological origin of richa is the Sanskrit word, ric, which means to praise. Richa, is therefore, one ric after the other. Other meanings of ric are splendour, worship, a hymn. Richa can also refer to a verbal composition of celestial sounds called "shrutis"; the Gayatri Mantra is a richa as well. Richa means "aphorism of Rig Veda".
There is another meaning of richa which means the stack of souls in existence in the world.
In Sanskrit (ऋचा) the pronunciation varies based on the geography and native language of the speakers. Hindi speaking populace would pronounce the Sanskrit word as "richa" as opposed to Marathi or Kannada speaking populace. Both the 'ru' and 'ri' pronunciations are correct and are regional variants. In Maharashtra and Karnataka, the letter ऋ is pronounced 'Ru', whereas it is pronounced 'Ri' by speakers of Hindi. The Hindi script is identical to the Sanskrit script.
Richa is a popular given name among Hindu females. Some notable people named Richa as follows:
- Richa Tiwari, a theatre artist from Sagar, Madhya Pradesh
- Richa Gangopadhyay, actress
- Richa Ahuja, actress
- Richa Pallod, actress
- Richa Panai, actress
- Richa Sharma (singer), singer
- Richa Sharma (actor)
- Richa Garg, doctor
- Richa Chadda, actress
- A Sanskrit English Dictionary: Etymologically and Philologically Arranged with Special Reference to Cognate Indo-European Languages; by M. Monier-Williams; 2005 Deluxe ed.
- [ http://aa2411s.aa.tufs.ac.jp/~tjun/sktdic/ Apte Sanskrit dictionary]
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