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17th-century portrait of Richard the Lionheart, a 12th-century King of England
PronunciationEnglish: /ˈrɪərd/
French: [ʁiʃaʁ]
German: [ˈʁɪçaʁt]
Czech: [ˈrɪxart]
Word/nameOld Frankish
Meaning'strong in rule'
Other names
Nickname(s)Richy, Rich, Rick, Dick, Dicky, Dickie, Dicken, Reeks, Riccardo, Richie, Ritchie, Ricardo, Rico, Ricky, Richi, Rickey, Rickard

Richard is a male given name. It originates, via Old French, from Old Frankish and is a compound of the words descending from Proto-Germanic *rīk- 'ruler, leader, king' and *hardu- 'strong, brave, hardy', and it therefore means 'strong in rule'.[1][2] Nicknames include "Richie", "Dick", "Dickon", "Dickie",[3] "Rich", "Rick", "Rico", "Ricky",[1] and more.

Richard is a common English (the name was introduced into England by the Normans),[1] German and French male name. It's also used in many more languages, particularly Germanic, such as Norwegian, Danish, Swedish, Icelandic, and Dutch, as well as other languages including Irish, Scottish, Welsh and Finnish. Richard is cognate with variants of the name in other European languages, such as the Swedish "Rickard", the Catalan "Ricard" and the Italian "Riccardo", among others (see comprehensive variant list below).

People named Richard[edit]

Multiple people with the same name[edit]

Rulers and heads of state[edit]

Aristocrats and non-ruling royals[edit]

Religious figures[edit]

  • Saint Richard (disambiguation), several saints
  • Richard Baxter (1615–1691), English Puritan church leader, poet and hymn-writer
  • Richard of Dover (died 1184), Benedictine monk and Archbishop of Canterbury
  • Richard Foxe (c. 1448 – 1528), Bishop of Exeter, Bath and Wells, Durham, and Winchester, Lord Privy Seal, and founder of Corpus Christi College, Oxford
  • Richard Furman (1755–1825), American Baptist leader, first president of the Triennial Convention, the first nationwide Baptist association
  • Richard von Greiffenklau zu Vollrads (1467–1531), Archbishop-Elector of Trier from 1511 to 1531
  • Richard of Poitiers (died c. 1174), French monk, author of historical works, treatises and poems
  • Richard Poore (died 1237), Bishop of Salisbury and Durham, who helped found Salisbury Cathedral in its present location
  • Richard Swinefield (died 1317), Bishop of Hereford

In politics and government[edit]

In business[edit]

  • Richard L. Bloch (1929–2018), American investor, real estate developer, banker, and philanthropist
  • Richard Branson (born 1950), British businessman and founder of the Virgin Group of companies
  • Richard Deeb (1924–1990), real estate developer
  • Richard DeVos (1926–2018), American businessman and co-founder of Amway
  • Richard Jacobs (businessman) (1925–2009), real estate businessman and owner of the Cleveland Indians baseball team
  • Richard Morefield (1929–2010), American diplomat
  • Richard Oetker (born 1951), German businessman, CEO of Dr. Oetker since 2010
  • Richard Rawlings (born 1969), star of American television show Fast N' Loud, owner of Gas Monkey garage, Gas Monkey Bar N' Grill and Gas Monkey Live
  • Richard Warren Sears (1863–1914), co-founder of Sears, Roebuck and Company, and considered a promotional genius
  • Richard Velazquez (born 1973), PepsiCo executive and first automotive designer at Porsche AG (Germany) of Puerto Rican descent
  • Richard Wilding, British businessman and academic

In music[edit]


  • Richard Dybeck (1811–1877), Swedish lyricist who wrote the national anthem of Sweden
  • Richard Heuberger (1850–1924), Austrian composer of operas and operettas, music critic, and teacher
  • Richard D. James (musician) (born 1971), British composer and electronic musician, records music as Aphex Twin, among other monikers
  • Richard Mohaupt (1904–1957), German-American composer and conductor
  • Dick Oatts, American jazz saxophonist, multi-instrumentalist, composer, and educator
  • Richard Strauss (1864–1949), German composer and conductor
  • Richard Wagner (1813–1883), German composer, writer, conductor and theatre director
  • Rich Batsford pianist, composer and singer songwriter

Singers and musicians[edit]


In film and television[edit]


  • Richard R. Arnold (born 1963), American astronaut
  • Richard Francis Burton (1821–1890), British geographer, explorer, translator, writer, soldier, orientalist, cartographer, ethnologist, spy, linguist, poet, fencer and diplomat
  • Richard E. Byrd (1888–1957), US Navy rear admiral, aviator and explorer
  • Richard Masters (aka William Marsters), English sailor, cooper, trader and explorer
  • Dick Rutkowski, diving medicine pioneer


In sports[edit]

Soldiers, pilots, other military/security[edit]

Writers and journalists[edit]



Fictional characters[edit]


In Indo-European languages[edit]






Other Indo-European[edit]

In Semitic languages[edit]

  • Arabic: ريتشارد (Rytshrd, Ritshrd, Rytshard, Ritshard)
  • Hebrew: ריצ'רד (Richard)

In Turkic languages[edit]

In Uralic languages[edit]

In other languages[edit]

  • Chinese: 理查德 (Lǐchádé), 理查 (Lǐchá)

Short forms[edit]

  • Cornish: Hicca
  • Czech: Ríša, Rik (Riker)
  • Dutch: Ries
  • English: Rick, Rich, Richie, Dick, Dicky, Dickie, Ric, Rik, Ricky, Rickie, Dickon
  • Estonian: Riho
  • Esperanto: Rikĉjo
  • Finnish: Riku
  • Greek: Στούκος (Stoúkos)
  • Hungarian: Ricsi, Ricsike, Rics
  • Icelandic: Rikki
  • Italian: Ricky, Riki, Richi
  • Latvian: Ričs
  • Lithuanian: Ryčka, Rytis
  • Polish: Rysio, Rysiek, Ryś
  • Portuguese: Rico, Ric
  • Slovak: Rišo, Riško, Riči
  • Spanish: Cayo (Guatemala)
  • Swiss/German: Richi


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Hanks, Patrick; Hardcastle, Kate; Hodges, Flavia (2006). A Dictionary of First Names. Oxford University Press. p. 381. ISBN 978-0-19-861060-1. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  2. ^ "Richard". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  3. ^ Hanks, Patrick; Hardcastle, Kate; Hodges, Flavia (2006). A Dictionary of First Names. Oxford University Press. p. 154. ISBN 978-0-19-861060-1. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  4. ^ M. Petrossian (ed.). New Dictionary Armenian-English. Librairie de Beyrouth. p. 772. Retrieved 23 March 2013.