Richard Ayleward (1626–1669) was an English composer and musician. He is noted for his contribution to the repertoire of Anglican church music.
During the English Restoration, Ayleward was appointed organist and choirmaster of Norwich Cathedral. He held office there from 1661-1664, and again from 1666-1669, working under the director of music Christopher Gibbons, the son of Orlando Gibbons.
During the Interregnum Ayleward no doubt did much writing of choral pieces, possibly for private home performance, as, to mark the coronation of Charles II, he produced twenty-five anthems, all showing highly original composition. During the year 1664–1665, Ayleward gave up his position at Norwich, and he appears to have been away at "the assizes". There is no indication of what caused this "call". However, he was reappointed in 1665 and remained at his position until his death in 1669.
His compositions are unusual in that they call for three or four solo voices in the same range, in some cases, and they required massive resources for full performance. They were extensively scored works for many, many performers, and greater personnel than Norwich may have possessed in its regular choir. All the manuscripts of his compositions were owned by Norwich Cathedral, and these were purchased by A. H. Mann and published.
- Atherton, Ian (1996). Norwich Cathedral: Church, City, and Diocese, 1096-1996. A&C Black. ISBN 9781852851347. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- Granger, PR, Peter Aston, Tom Roast. "Richard Ayleward" in Sade, Stanley, ed. The Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. New York: Macmillan, 2001. vol. 2, p 264.
- Spink, Ian. "Richard Ayleward" in Matthew, H.C.G. and Brian Harrison, eds. The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. vol. 3, p 14. London: OUP, 2004.