Richard Bacon (politician)
|Member of Parliament|
for South Norfolk
8 June 2001 – 6 November 2019
|Preceded by||John MacGregor|
|Succeeded by||Election in progress|
|Born||3 December 1962|
Solihull, Warwickshire, England
|Alma mater||London School of Economics and Political Science|
Bacon was educated at The King's School, Worcester and at the London School of Economics and Political Science, gaining a First in politics and economics. He was also executive editor of the student newspaper, The Beaver.
He worked variously in investment banking, financial journalism and public relations consultancy, before setting up his own business advising blue chip international companies on communications.
Bacon joined the Conservative Party in 1978. In 1997, he unsuccessfully contested the South-London constituency of Vauxhall, against the Labour incumbent, Kate Hoey. He finished in third place with 15.2% of the overall vote.
Bacon was then selected for the very safe Conservative seat of South Norfolk on the retirement of its veteran MP and former Cabinet Minister, John MacGregor. He won the seat at the 2001 general election, and was returned again at the 2005 general election with an increased majority. In the 2011 district council elections his constituency lost a single Conservative seat to the Liberal Democrats resulting in a majority of 30 seats. In the 2015 general election, Bacon increased his majority for a third time, to double that of his 2001 winning margin.
Bacon is a former member of the Public Accounts Committee as of 2017.
Though he rarely rebels against the party line, he has consistently rebelled in votes on military action in the Middle East. In March 2003 he was one of only 15 Conservative MPs to vote against the 2003 invasion of Iraq. He stated at the time that "I do not believe war is always wrong. If I had, I would not have served in the Territorial Army".
Following the Commons debate on Britain's response to the Syrian civil war on 29 August 2013, Bacon voted against his own party on a motion approving the use of military force "if necessary" (one of 30 Conservatives to do so), saying he was "voting against the principle of military action".
In the Commons debate on intervention against ISIS in Iraq held on 26 September 2014, Bacon again voted against his own party, becoming one of only six Conservatives to defy the three-line whip imposed on Conservative MPs. Prior to the vote he said: "After bombing the Middle East for much of the past twenty five years, we should have realised by now that we are making things worse".
He has voted against anti-terror laws, top-up fees, foundation hospitals, and the ban on fox hunting, and was one of the few Conservatives to support the Impeach Blair campaign. He is also sceptical about aspects of the climate change debate, having opposed plans to build new wind turbines in South Norfolk, stating the scheme was not viable for the area.
In February 2007, Bacon was alleged to be the politician with the highest expenditure on taxi and car hire during the previous year, a claim which he disputed and referred to the National Audit Office.
Deporting foreign prisoners
In April 2006, Bacon's questioning of Home Office officials concerning the fate of failed asylum seekers released from prison led to a major embarrassment for the Labour administration in the run-up to the local elections the following month, and the dismissal of Charles Clarke, the Home Secretary. Bacon was not actually himself in favour of the sacking of Clarke, a fellow Norfolk MP, declaring that he had always liked him, and that his questioning had been "business, not pleasure".
In July 2006, Bacon was named "Backbencher of the Year" by his fellow MPs for the result of his efforts, and in November 2006, he won three more awards: "Parliamentarian of the Year" from the Spectator magazine, "Politician of the Year" from the Political Studies Association and "Outstanding Parliamentarian of the Year" from the ConservativeHome website.
Bacon is co-author, along with Christopher Hope, Senior Political Correspondent of The Daily Telegraph, of Conundrum: Why every government gets things wrong and what we can do about it (2013), an analysis of the failure of high-profile UK public sector projects, including the National Health Service IT programme and the Child Support Agency, Passport Agency, Tax Credit scheme, Rural Payments Agency and Student Loans Company. They argue that a key reason for the repeated failure of such projects is that civil servants – charged with turning the grand vision of ministers into reality – "have been recruited on the basis of their cognitive abilities in terms of playing with ideas, not for their ability to make things happen".
- "The Public Whip – Richard Bacon MP – voting record". Archived from the original on 7 December 2008. Retrieved 24 July 2008.
- "Text of speech for the Iraq debate 2003". Archived from the original on 14 November 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
- "How you MP voted Eastern Daily Press EDP24 30 August 2013". Archived from the original on 2 September 2013. Retrieved 30 August 2013.
- "How your MP voted on Iraq strikes". BBC News. 27 September 2014. Archived from the original on 17 January 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
- "Parliament recalled over air strikes on Islamic State in Iraq". BBC News. 25 September 2014. Archived from the original on 1 December 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
- "South Norfolk MP Richard Bacon set to oppose bombing of Islamic State in Iraq Diss Express 25 September 2014". Archived from the original on 7 March 2016. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
- "MPs' expenses: Speaker Michael Martin 'sorry' but refuses to resign". The Daily Telegraph. 18 May 2009. Archived from the original on 1 December 2018. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
- "EDP24 – Campaigners oppose wind farm plans". Archived from the original on 19 March 2007. Retrieved 24 July 2008.
- "MPs reveal travel expense claims". BBC News. 14 February 2007. Archived from the original on 16 February 2007. Retrieved 15 February 2007.
- "Doubts over MPs' expense claims". BBC News. 14 February 2007. Archived from the original on 16 February 2007. Retrieved 15 February 2007.
- Goodenough, Tom (16 February 2016). "Which Tory MPs back Brexit, who doesn't and who is still on the fence?". The Spectator. Archived from the original on 2 May 2019. Retrieved 11 October 2016.
- "MP dubs Home Office 'incompetent'". BBC News. 25 April 2006. Archived from the original on 28 April 2006. Retrieved 6 May 2006.
- "Clarke is fired in Cabinet purge". BBC News. 5 May 2006. Archived from the original on 17 May 2006. Retrieved 6 May 2006.
- "EDP24 – Norfolk MP scoops political awards". Archived from the original on 19 March 2007. Retrieved 19 November 2006.
- Conundrum: Why every government gets things wrong and what we can do about it Biteback Publishing (London) 2013
- "Review of Conundrum by Dan Hodges, Daily Telegraph 7 August 2013". Archived from the original on 10 August 2017. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
- Richard Bacon MP official constituency website
- Richard Bacon MP Conservative Party profile
- South Norfolk Conservatives
- Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom
- Contributions in Parliament at Hansard
- Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 1803–2005
- Voting record at Public Whip
- Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou
- Profile at Westminster Parliamentary Record
- Richard Bacon MP at Open Rights Group
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for South Norfolk