Richard Baldwin (economist)

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Richard Baldwin
Academic career
InstitutionGraduate Institute of International and Development Studies, IMD Business School
FieldInternational Economics[1]
Alma materMassachusetts Institute of Technology[1]
Paul Krugman[1]
  • Doctor honoris causa[1]
    Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú (PUCP) 2014;
    University of St. Gallen 2012;
    Turku School of Economics and Business Administration 2005.
Information at IDEAS / RePEc

Richard E. Baldwin is a professor of international economics at the IMD Business School. He was the former President of the Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR). He is Editor-in-Chief of VoxEU,[2] which he founded in June 2007.[3][4] He is a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research and was twice elected as a Member of the Council of the European Economic Association. Baldwin has been called "one of the most important thinkers in this era of global disruption".[5]


After obtaining a bachelor's degree in economics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1980, he received a master's degree from the London School of Economics in 1981. He completed his PhD at MIT in 1986 under the guidance of Paul Krugman, with whom he has co-authored half a dozen articles. He received honorary doctorates from the Turku School of Economics (Finland), University of St. Gallen (Switzerland) and Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (PUCP).[6][1] The International Economic Association made him a Schumpeter-Haberler Distinguished Fellow in 2021.[7]

He was professor of international economics at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva (1991-2023), associate professor (1989–1991) and assistant professor (1986–1989) at Columbia University Business School.[8] In 1990–1991 he followed trade matters for the President's Council of Economic Advisors in the Bush White House. He worked as an Associate Economic Affairs Officer for UNCTAD in the early 1980s.[9][10][11][12] He has also been a visiting research professor at MIT (2003), Oxford (2012-2015), and an Associate Member of Nuffield College at Oxford University. He has consulted for many governments and international organisations including the EU, the OECD, the World Bank, EFTA, and USAID.


He has published extensively in the areas of globalisation, international trade, regionalism, WTO, European integration, economic geography, political economy and growth, and is recognised as an expert on the economic drivers and risks of globalisation.[13][14][15] His first book for a wider audience, The Great Convergence: Information Technology and the New Globalization, was published in November 2016 and listed among the Best Books of 2016 by The Financial Times and The Economist magazine.[16] He also writes extensively on current economic policy.[17] He has over 51,000 Google Scholar cites and an H-index of 94.

His latest book, The Globotics Upheaval: Globalization, Robotics and the Future of Work, addresses the role of digital technology in driving both globalisation and automation of service and professional jobs in advanced economies; it has been translated into six languages. With Charles Wyplosz, he has a leading textbook on the Economics of European Integration, which is in its 7th Edition with McGraw-Hill.

Selected books[edit]

  • Baldwin, Richard, Towards an Integrated Europe, CEPR Press, 1994. ISBN 1898128138
  • Baldwin, Richard E., and J. Francois, Dynamic Issues in Commercial Policy Analysis. Cambridge University Press, 1999. ISBN 978-0521159517
  • Baldwin, R., D. Cohen, A. Sapir, and A. Venables (1999). Market Integration, Regionalism and the Global Economy. Cambridge University. ISBN 9780155016194
  • Baldwin, R. and Aymo Brunetti (2001). Economic Impact of EU Membership on Entrants: New Methods and Issues. Springer. ISBN 9780792375746
  • Baldwin, R., Forslid, R., Martin, P., Ottaviano, G., & Robert-Nicoud, F. (2011). Economic geography and public policy. Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691123110
  • Baldwin, R. Mashiro Kawai , Ganeshan Wignaraja (2015). A World Trade Organization for the 21st Century: The Asian Perspective. Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 9781783479276
  • Baldwin, R. and C. Wyplosz (2016). The Economics of European Integration. McGraw-Hill Inc. ISBN 9780077169657
  • Baldwin, R. (2016). The Great Convergence, Harvard University Press. ISBN 9780674237841
  • Baldwin, R. (2019). The Globotics Upheaval : Globalization, Robotics, and the Future of Work. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0190901769


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Richard Baldwin" (PDF). Curriculum Vitae. Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  2. ^ "About VoxEU". CEPR. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Richard Baldwin Vox Person Page". Retrieved 10 October 2015.
  4. ^ "Richard Baldwin appointed Director of CEPR". Retrieved 10 October 2015.
  5. ^ Crabtree, James (23 January 2019). "The Globotics Upheaval by Richard Baldwin — white-collar disruption". Financial Times.
  6. ^ "Turun kauppakorkeakoulun kunniatohtorit 1989‒2012". Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  7. ^ "Home".
  8. ^ "Richard Baldwin, founder of VoxEU and professor of international economics at IMD Business School, joins PIIE | PIIE". 2023-06-06. Retrieved 2023-09-04.
  9. ^ Nelson, Eshe (December 7, 2016). "Brace yourself: the most disruptive phase of globalization is just beginning". Quartz. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
  10. ^ "Free exchange: Chains of gold". The Economist. Aug 4, 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  11. ^ Castle, Stephen (November 7, 2007). "EU leaders to submit new plan on farm subsidy cuts". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  12. ^ Krugman, Paul (16 November 2009). "World Out of Balance". The New York Times. p. 25. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  13. ^ "The past and future global economyThe third wave of globalisation may be the hardest". The Economist. 19 November 2016. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  14. ^ "The Graduate Institute – Faculty directory". Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  15. ^ Bowler, Tim (1 February 2017). "Will globalisation take away your job?". BBC. BBC News. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  16. ^ "Harvard University Press: The Great Convergence, Richard Baldwin". Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  17. ^ "Richard Baldwin on VoxEU". CEPR. Retrieved 9 October 2018.

External links[edit]