Richard Barry, 7th Earl of Barrymore

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Richard "Hellgate" Barry and his brothers Augustus "Newgate" Barry and Henry "Cripplegate" Barry in a 1791 caricature by James Gillray. The Prince of Wales is portrayed in the background.

Richard Barry, 7th Earl of Barrymore (14 August 1769 – 6 March 1793) was an English nobleman of Ireland, as well as an infamous rake, gambler, sportsman, theatrical enthusiast and womanizer.

He was known as Hellgate[1] and the Rake of Rakes [2] and died at the age of 23.

Family[edit]

Barrymore was born on 14 August 1769 in Marylebone, Middlesex, to Richard Barry, 6th Earl of Barrymore and Lady Amelia Stanhope, daughter of William Stanhope, 2nd Earl of Harrington and the Lady Caroline Fitzroy. He succeeded his father as Earl on 1 August 1773. His mother placed him under the care of the vicar of Wargrave in Berkshire, where he spent his pre-public school childhood and later settled.

He was educated at Eton College and arrived with an unusually large sum of £1,000 to his free will (equivalent to £110,863 in 2015). Soon he regularly summoned a London cab driver who would take him to London several times a week to satisfy his sexual appetite with a variety of 'ladies of the night'. He was a daring prankster, an attribute which was greatly attractive to the mischievous and impressionable future George IV. One of his most favoured practical jokes would involve pretending to kidnap girls from the streets of London and place coffins outside of their houses with a view to terrifying their servants. His infamy as a gambler was considerable at the time, including his wager that he could consume a large live tomcat in one sitting; however, he did not do so.

He was heavily in debt before marrying, but instead of "marrying into money" as was common for nobility at the time, he married Charlotte Goulding, niece of the infamous Letty Lade, and the daughter of a sedan chair man on 7 June 1792. After his death the next year, when she was eighteen years old, she remarried to Captain Robert Williams of the 3rd Foot Guards,[3] but she eventually "...passed...to the lowest grade of prostitution...and possessed great pugilistic skill". However, she proved a useful and trustworthy assistant as matron of the female prisoners at the Tothill Fields Bridewell.[4]

His sister Caroline (1768-?) was known as "Billingsgate", due to her use of foul language.[5] Henry (1770–1823), his younger brother, was "Cripplegate", due to a physical disfigurement.[5] His youngest brother Augustus (1773–1818) was nicknamed "Newgate", after Newgate Prison in London.[5]

Sport[edit]

Barrymore became a well-known sportsman, particularly in cricket, running, horse-racing, boxing and swordsmanship. He bred his own race-horses and rode as his own jockey. He was especially famous for placing huge bets on both these sports and other extraordinarily ludicrous challenges.

He patronised his own personal bare-knuckle boxer, and his wife also boxed.[6]

He made two known appearances in first-class cricket matches from 1791 to 1792, playing as a member of the Brighton Cricket Club.[7] He was listed in the scorecards as Lord Barrymore.

Theatre[edit]

He attended regularly the theatre, and had built, acted at and ran a costly theatre in Wargrave before his early death.

Politics[edit]

He expended money to be one of the two MPs for Heytesbury from 1791, able to contribute to the national debate until his death.[n 1]

Military career and early death[edit]

Barrymore retired to life in the Royal Berkshire Militia, into which he had been commissioned in 1789 and was later promoted Captain, but was accidentally killed at Folkestone on 6 March 1793. When driving a gig his musket discharged while escorting French prisoners of war to Dover.[3]

He was buried 17 May 1793 in St Mary's Church in Wargrave.

Aftermath[edit]

Barrymore family estate[edit]

Lord Barrymore died in perhaps unexpected solvency, with no legitimate son. He had alienated much of his Cork patrimony in 1792, at which time the Buttevant estate passed to Viscount Doneraile and to a Scottish banker, John Anderson.

Literary references[edit]

In the 20th century historic novel Regency Buck by Georgette Heyer, a character remarks tolerantly that "The Barrymores, you know, really cannot be held accountable for their odd manners".

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ This was a pocket borough by this time without any contested elections between the 1780s until the Reform Act 1832.[8]
References
  1. ^ Page from Thepeerage.com
  2. ^ Biography Berkshire History.
  3. ^ a b Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Volume 4. Oxford University Press. 2004. p. 148. Article by Richard Davenport-Hine.
  4. ^ Gentleman's Magazine and historical Chronicle, vol. CII, John B Nichols & Son, London, 1832 Google Books extract.
  5. ^ a b c Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Allusions
  6. ^ The Boxing Baroness MyStaffordshireFigures.com website and Charles Williams 'The Boxing Baroness' Artoftheprint.com website
  7. ^ Arthur Haygarth, Scores & Biographies, Volume 1 (1744-1826), Lillywhite, 1862
  8. ^ Leigh Rayment's peerage pages Retrieved 2014-11-25

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
The Lord Auckland
Michael Angelo Taylor
Member of Parliament for Heytesbury
1791–1793
With: The Lord Auckland
Succeeded by
The Lord Auckland
Charles Rose Ellis
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Richard Barry
Earl of Barrymore
1773–1793
Succeeded by
Henry Barry (last Earl)