Richard Bland (burgess)
Richard Bland I (August 11, 1665 – April 1720),[nb 1] sometimes known as Richard Bland of Jordan's Point,[nb 2] was a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses, the father of Richard Bland, the son of Theodorick Bland of Westover, and the grandson of Richard Bennett, an elected Governor of the Colony of Virginia during the English Commonwealth period. Bland was also a county commissioner, a visitor to The College of William & Mary, and is noted in the church records as a member of the Vestry of Bruton Parish Church in Williamsburg, Virginia, which authorized in 1710 the building of the present Church structure. When his father died in 1671, Bland's brother, Theodorick inherited Westover Plantation and joined with Richard in its ownership. The brothers eventually conveyed 1,200 acres of land in Charles City County to William Byrd I in 1688 for £300 and 10,000 pounds of tobacco and cask. Richard Bland then established the Jordan's Point Plantation across the James River in Prince George County, where he died in 1720.
Ancestry and family ties
Bland was the second of three sons born to Theodorick Bland of Westover and Anna Bennett, the daughter of Governor Richard Bennett.[nb 3] His brothers were the surveyor Theodorick Bland and John Bland, who was the great-grandfather of Chancellor Theodorick Bland of Maryland. Bland married Mary Swan and had seven children who all died in their infancy. His first wife died in September, 1700, and on February 11, 1701, he married Elizabeth Randolph, the daughter of William Randolph, and had five children:
- Daughter Mary Bland (born August 21, 1704) married Henry Lee I and had four children, including Henry Lee II who was the father of Henry "Light-Horse Harry" Lee III and the grandfather of Robert E. Lee.
- Daughter Elizabeth Bland (born May 29, 1706) married Colonel William Beverley, the son of Robert Beverley, Jr., and had four children.
- Daughter Anna Bland married twice. She had three children with her first husband, Robert Munford, and had two children with her second husband, George Currie.
- Son Theodorick Bland married Frances Bolling, the daughter of Drury Bolling, and had five children, including Congressman Theodorick Bland.
- Son Richard Bland (born May 6, 1710) married Anne Poythress and had twelve children. According to Lyon Gardiner Tyler, his second marriage was to Martha Macon and his third marriage was to Elizabeth Blair.[nb 4]
|Ancestors of Richard Bland (burgess)|
- The specific date of death has been given as April 6, 1720, April 10, 1720, and April 11, 1720.
- Richard Bland's son, Richard Bland, is also referred to in some sources as Richard Bland of Jordan's Point.
- Some references spell Anna Bennett's name as "Anne".
- Reports differ regarding the names or number of subsequent wives. According to Earl Gregg Swem, Bland's second wife was Elizabeth Harrison but notes that other accounts said she was Elizabeth Bolling, the daughter of John Bolling Jr. and Elizabeth Blair. Tyler initially reported that Martha Massie married Theodrick Bland after the death of William Massie.
- Hunter, Joseph (1895). "Bland". In Clay, John W. Familiae Minorum Gentium. II. London: The Harleian Society. pp. 421–427.
- Bland, Theodorick (1840). "Appendix". In Campbell, Charles. The Bland papers: Being a Selection from the Manuscripts of Colonel Theodorick Bland Jr. of Prince George County Virginia. I. Petersburg, Virginia: Edmund & Julian C. Ruffin. pp. 145–149.
- Spencer, Richard Henry, ed. (1919). "Joseph Pembroke Thom, M.D.". Genealogical and Memorial Encyclopedia of the State of Maryland: A Record of the Achievements of Her People in the Making of a Commonwealth and the Founding of a Nation. New York: The American Historical Society. pp. 587–598.
- Bland, Richard (1922) . "Introduction". In Swem, Earl Gregg. An Inquiry into the Rights of the British Colonies. Richmond, Virginia: William Parks Club Publications. p. V.
- Tyler, Lyon Gardiner, ed. (1915). "Fathers of the Revolution". Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography. Vol. II. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company.
- Tyler, Lyon G. (January 1896). "Title of Westover". William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine. 4 (3): 151–155. Retrieved December 11, 2010.
- Gundersen, Joan. "Anna Bennett Bland (d. 1687)". Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Dillon, John Forrest, ed. (1903). "Introduction". John Marshall; life, character and judicial services as portrayed in the centenary and memorial addresses and proceedings throughout the United States on Marshall day, 1901, and in the classic orations of Binney, Story, Phelps, Waite and Rawle. Chicago: Callaghan & Company. pp. liv–lv.
- Tyler, Lyon Gardiner, ed. (1915). "Burgesses and Other Prominent Persons". Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography. Vol. I. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company. p. 286.
- Sons of the American Revolution (1894). "Roll of Members". Yearbook. The Republic Press. p. 198.