The Earl of Mayo
|4th Viceroy and Governor-General of India|
12 January 1869 – 8 February 1872
|Preceded by||Sir John Lawrence, Bt|
|Succeeded by||Sir John Strachey (acting)|
|Chief Secretary for Ireland|
10 July 1866 – 29 September 1868
|Preceded by||Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue|
|Succeeded by||John Wilson-Patten|
4 March 1858 – 11 June 1859
|Prime Minister||The Earl of Derby|
|Preceded by||Henry Arthur Herbert|
|Succeeded by||Edward Cardwell|
1 March 1852 – 17 December 1852
|Prime Minister||The Earl of Derby|
|Preceded by||Sir William Somerville, Bt|
|Succeeded by||Sir John Young, Bt|
Richard Southwell Bourke
21 February 1822
|Died||8 February 1872 (aged 49)|
Port Blair, Andaman Islands, India
Hon. Blanche Wyndham
|Children||Dermot Robert Wyndham Bourke, 7th Earl of Mayo|
|Relatives||Robert Bourke, 1st Baron Connemara (brother)|
|Alma mater||Trinity College, Dublin|
Richard Southwell Bourke, 6th Earl of Mayo, (English: //; BURK; 21 February 1822 – 8 February 1872) styled Lord Naas (//; NAYSS) from 1842 to 1867 and Lord Mayo in India, was a British statesman and prominent member of the British Conservative Party who served as Chief Secretary for Ireland (1852, 1858–9, 1866–8) and Viceroy of India (1869–72).
Background and education
Mayo was born in Dublin, Ireland, the eldest son of Robert Bourke, 5th Earl of Mayo (the son of Hon. Richard Burke, Bishop of Waterford and Lismore), and his wife, Anne Charlotte, daughter of the Hon. John Jocelyn. His younger brother the Hon. Robert Bourke was also a successful politician. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin. He and his brothers were accomplished horsemen and enjoyed fox hunting.
After travelling in Russia, Mayo was elected MP for Kildare (1847–52), Coleraine (1852–7) and Cockermouth (1857–68). He was thrice appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland – in 1852, 1858 and 1866 – and in 1869 he became the fourth Viceroy of India where he was locally often referred to as "Lord Mayo". He consolidated the frontiers of India and reorganised the country's finances; he also did much to promote irrigation, railways, forests and other useful public works. To solve local problems he established local boards. During his tenure the first census took place in 1872. He founded Mayo College at Ajmer for the education of young Indian chiefs, with £70,000 being subscribed by the chiefs themselves.
While visiting the convict settlement at Port Blair in the Andaman Islands in 1872 for the purpose of inspection, he was assassinated by Sher Ali Afridi, a former Afghan soldier who had been convicted for murdering a relative. He vowed to kill two British officials to avenge the suffering he had to undergo. Mayo's body was brought home to Ireland and buried at the medieval ruined church in Johnstown, County Kildare, near his home at Palmerstown House. Afridi was hanged on March 11, 1872.
Lord Mayo March
Papilio mayo Butterfly
St Paul's Cathedral
A Memorial to Lord Mayo is in the third recess of the South Wall at St Paul's Cathedral, London.
Statue in Cockermouth, Cumbria
On 19 August 1875, a statue of Lord Mayo was unveiled in the centre of the main street in the town of Cockermouth. The 800-guinea cost of the statue (made by Messrs. Willis of London) had been raised by public subscription. The unveiling was attended by Mayo's son, the 7th Earl; Lord Napier and Ettrick; Harvey Goodwin, Bishop of Carlisle; and the Earl of Lonsdale. The statue, carved in Sicilian marble, depicts Lord Mayo in his viceregal garb, and still stands today.
Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
Mayo Hospital is one of the oldest and biggest hospitals in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. The hospital is named after then Viceroy of British India, "Richard Bourke, 6th Earl of Mayo" also locally known as Lord Mayo.
Statue at Albert Hall Museum, Jaipur, India
A statue of Lord Mayo had been installed in the premises of Mayo Hospital (currently known as the Mahilya Chikatsalya, Jaipur). The 9-foot-tall (2.7 m) cast-iron statue, weighing around 3 tons, was ordered sculpted by the Maharaja Ram Singh ji of Jaipur, as a tribute to Lord Mayo after his assassination. The sculptors were J. Forsyth and R. Monti. The company's name as inscribed on the statue was R. Masefield & Co., London.
This statue of Lord Mayo had been buried in the premises of the Albert Hall Museum of Jaipur at the time of the independence of India in 1947 to prevent vandalism. After six decades, this statue was unearthed by the Jaipur Mayo Alumni Chapter on 29 May 2007. It was later removed from the Albert Hall Museum in Jaipur and sent to Mayo College, in Ajmer, India, where it is now installed.
Mayo College, Ajmer, India
Mayo College, Ajmer, India, was founded after the death of Lord Mayo in 1875. The College, named in honour of Lord Mayo, already had a full life-size statue of him sculpted in white marble installed in front of its famous main building since inception and a marble sculpted bust of him in its school museum. The College accepted the statue of Lord Mayo which was unearthed at Mayo Hospital, Jaipur in 2007.
- Mayo College, Ajmer, India
- Mayo Hall, Allahabad, India
- Mayo Hall, Bangalore, India
- Mayo School of Arts, Lahore, British India
- Viceroy of India
- Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
- W. W. Hunter (1 February 2006). The Life of the Earl of Mayo – Fourth Viceroy of India. Read Books. ISBN 978-1-84664-774-1.
- "Alumni Dublinenses : a register of the students, graduates, professors and provosts of Trinity College in the University of Dublin (1593–1860 George Dames Burtchaell/Thomas Ulick Sadleir p84: Dublin, Alex Thom and Co, 1935
- Riding Recollections, 5th ed. by G. J. Whyte-Melville. Pages 136-139. Accessed 5 September 2022.
- Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1886). . Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 6. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- 1872: Sher Ali Afridi, assassin of the viceroy
- S.J. Adair Fitzgerald (1898). Stories of Famous Songs. John C. Nimmo. p. 380.
- Atkinson, W.S. (1873). "Descriptions of two new species of butterflies from the Andaman Islands". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 1873: 736.
- "Memorials of St Paul's Cathedral" Sinclair, W. p. 462: London; Chapman & Hall, Ltd; 1909.
- Annual Register Two statues of Lord Mayo have also been placed in Mayo College, Ajmer – One outside its main building and the other outside its museum. pp. 74–75.
- Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. pp. 2653–2655. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
- Burke, Bernard (1884). The general armory of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales; comprising a registry of armorial bearings from the earliest to the present time. University of California Libraries. London : Harrison & sons.
- "Bourke, Richard Southwell". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/2998. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Annual Register: A Review of Public Events at Home and Abroad for the Year 1875. London: Rivingtons.
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed]
- Encyclopædia Britannica Article on Richard Southwell Bourke, 6th earl of Mayo
- Obituary & Photo at the Mayo College, Ajmer, India website
- Media related to Richard Bourke, 6th Earl of Mayo at Wikimedia Commons