Richard Boyle (bishop)
Richard Boyle (c.1574–1645), Archbishop of Tuam, was the elder brother of Michael Boyle the elder, bishop of Waterford, and the second son of Michael Boyle (died 2 February 1597), merchant in London, and his wife Jane (baptised 17 January 1548), daughter and co-heiress of William Peacock.
Richard Boyle was born around 1574. In 1590 he entered Corpus Christi College, Cambridge but is recorded to have migrated to St John’s College, Cambridge. He graduated with a BA in 1595 which led to an MA three years later, and was incorporated MA at Oxford on 16 July 1601. He held vicarage of Finedon in Northamptonshire before embarking on a Church of Ireland ecclesiastical career.
He became warden of Youghal on 24 February 1603, dean of Waterford on 10 May 1603 (until 1620), and dean of Tuam in May 1604, Archdeacon of Limerick on 8 May 1605, and bishop of Cork, Cloyne, and Ross on 22 August 1620, these three preferments being obtained through the interest of his cousin, Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork. He was advanced to the see of Tuam on 30 May 1638. On the outbreak of the Irish Rebellion of 1641, he retired with Dr. John Maxwell, bishop of Killala, and others, to Galway for protection, where, when the town rose in arms against the garrison, his life was preserved through the influence of Ulick Burke, Earl of Clanricarde. He died at Cork on 19 March 1645, and was buried in the Cathedral of St. Finbar. He is said to have repaired more churches and consecrated more new ones than any other bishop of his time.
He married Martha, daughter of Rice Wight (died 31 October 1602) of Braboeuf Manor at Artington in Surrey, and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Needler of Holylands at Horley, Surrey. Sources differ over their children, a provisional list being:
- Reverend Michael, Archbishop of Armagh and father of the 1st Viscount Blessington.
- Richard, a Royalist army officer executed after the Siege of Drogheda in 1649.
- Elizabeth, married Sir Robert Travers.
- Alice, married Henry Delaune, who died at the Battle of Lostwithiel in 1644.
- Anne, married to John Davant, with whom she was drowned in 1641.
- Jane, married to Sir William Hull, Vice-Admiral of Munster, who lived at Leamcon near Schull in County Cork.
- Catherine I, died in infancy.
- Catherine II, married to the Reverend John FitzGerald, Dean of Cork, who died at Bristol in 1641.
- Dorothy, married first to Grenville Halse (sources also give his first name as Arthur or Hewett) who died in 1645, secondly to Henry Turner of Bandon, County Cork, and thirdly to the Reverend Thomas Roberts DD, Chancellor of Cork.
- Martha, married first to Lt-Colonel Osbaldeston who was killed at the Siege of Gloucester in 1643, secondly to Lt-Colonel John Nelson and thirdly to Sir Matthew Deane, 1st Baronet of Dromore.
- Bridget, married John Jephson, son of John Jephson and brother of William Jephson.
- Henderson 1886, p. 116
- Henderson & Boran 2004
- "Boyle, Richard (BL590R)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- H E Malden, ed. (1911), "Parishes: Artington (Guildford St Nicholas)", A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3, London, pp. 3–10, retrieved 27 April 2016
- Burke, Sir Bernard (1855), A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain and Ireland, London: Hurst and Blackett
- Archdall, Mervyn (1789), The Peerage Of Ireland Or A Genealogical History Of The Present Nobility Of That Kingdom With Engravings Of Their Paternal Coats Of Arms Collected From Public Records, Authentic Manuscripts, Approved Historians, Well Attested Pedigrees And Personal Information, 1, Dublin: James Moore, pp. 145–6, retrieved 28 April 2016
- Kimber 1784, p. 346.
- Ball & 1926 pp. 276-7.
- Burke, John Bernard (1858), A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire, London: H. Colburn, p. 741, retrieved 29 April 2016
- Ball, F. Elrington (1926), The Judges in Ireland 1221-1921, London: John Murray
- Kimber, Edward, ed. (1784) [February 1784], The Gentleman's and London Magazine: Or Monthly Chronologer, 1741-1794, J. Exshaw.,: 346 Missing or empty
- Henderson, T. F.; Boran, Elizabethanne (reviewer) (2004). "Boyle, Richard (c.1574–1645)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/3134. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Henderson, Thomas Finlayson (1886). "Boyle, Richard (d.1645)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 6. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 116. Endnotes:
- Ware's Works (ed. Harris), i. 566, 616-7;
- Lodge's Peerage of Ireland (Archdall), i. 145.