|Born||28 September 1789|
|Died||16 December 1858 (aged 69)|
He was born in Bristol, Gloucestershire, the third son of Sarah and Richard Bright Sr., a wealthy merchant and banker. Bright Sr. shared his interest in science with his son, encouraging him to consider it as a career. In 1808, Bright Jr. joined the University of Edinburgh to study philosophy, economics and mathematics, but switched to medicine the following year. In 1810, he accompanied Sir George Mackenzie on a summer expedition to Iceland where he conducted naturalist studies. Bright then continued his medical studies at Guy's Hospital in London and in September 1813 returned to Edinburgh to be granted his medical doctorate. His thesis was De erysipelate contagioso (On contagious erysipelas).
During the 1820s and 1830s Bright again worked at Guy's Hospital, teaching, practising and researching medicine. There he worked alongside two other celebrated medical pioneers, Thomas Addison and Thomas Hodgkin. His research into the causes and symptoms of kidney disease led to his identifying what became known as Bright's disease. For this, he is considered the "father of nephrology". He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1821.
Bright had a special affection for Hungary and in 1815 he lived in Festetics Castle in Keszthely, where there is a large plaque: “To the memory of the English physician scientist and traveller who was one of the pioneers in the accurate description of Lake Balaton.”
On 11 December 1858, Bright became severely ill due to complications of heart disease and was unable to recover. He died in London aged 69 and was buried in Kensal Green Cemetery. A memorial to him lies within St James's Church, Piccadilly.
Bright had two sons. The younger also became a physician; the elder, James Franck Bright, a historian.
When asked if he had ever been seriously ill, S.J. Perelman quipped, "Why, yes. I had Bright's disease. And he had mine."
- Dunea, Gerge. "Richard Bright". Hektoen International. Retrieved 15 November 2015.
- "Richard Bright, M.D. (1789–1858): Father of Nephrology". Annette & Irwin Eskind Biomedical Library. Retrieved 15 November 2015.
- "Richard Bright 1789–1858: Physician in an Age of Revolution and Reform". New England Journal of Medicine. 329 (1823). 1993. doi:10.1056/NEJM199312093292422.
- "Library Archive". Royal Society. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- Booksay, G. (1970). "Dr. Richard Bright and Lake Balaton". Medical History. 14 (1): 106–107. doi:10.1017/S0025727300015209. PMC 1034021. PMID 4904725.
- Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1886). . Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 6. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 334.
- "Richard Bright blue plaque in London". Blue Plaque Places.
- "Art Listing".
- van Gijn, J; Hart W (December 1999). "[From the library of the Dutch Journal of Medicine: Richard Bright (1789–1858) and his 'Reports of Medical cases']". Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde. 143 (51): 2570–5. PMID 10633798.
- Berry, D (July 1994). "Richard Bright (1789–1858): student days in Edinburgh". Proceedings of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh. 24 (3): 383–96. PMID 11639543.
- MacKenzie, J C (August 1989). "Dr Richard Bright—a man of many parts. His bicentenary year—1789–1858". Bristol Medico-Chirurgical Journal. 104 (3): 63–7. PMC 5113420. PMID 2692780.
- Marz, I (1989). "[Richard Bright—28 September 1789 to 16 December 1858]". Zeitschrift für ärztliche Fortbildung. 83 (23): 1207–9. PMID 2697997.
- Kark, R M; Moore D T (April 1981). "The life, work, and geological collections of Richard Bright, M.D. (1789–1858); with a note on the collections of other members of the family". Archives of Natural History. 10 (1): 119–51. doi:10.3366/anh.1922.214.171.124. PMID 11615995.
- Brian, V A (December 1976). "The man behind the name: Richard Bright: 1789–1858". Nursing Times. 72 (49): 1937. PMID 794840.
- Lyons, J R (April 1976). "Pioneers in medicine: Richard Bright (1789–1858)". Nursing Mirror and Midwives Journal. 142 (18): 54. PMID 775451.
- Bruetsch, W L (1971). "Richard Bright (1789–1858) and apoplexy". Transactions of the American Neurological Association. 96: 213–5. PMID 4945917.
- Kinder, C H (November 1966). "Richard Bright (1789–1858)". Investigative Urology. 4 (3): 288–90. PMID 5333197.
- Striker, C (October 1963). "Richard Bright 1789–1858 (Garrison): Select Reports of Medical Cases: Cases Illustrative Of Some Of The Appearances Observable On The Examination Of Diseases Terminating In Dropsical Effusion". Cincinnati Journal of Medicine. 44: 426–8. PMID 14054272.
- "Richard Bright (1789–1858)". Merck Report. 64 (3): 19. July 1955. PMID 13244362.