Richard Butler (white supremacist)
Richard Girnt Butler
|Died||September 8, 2004 (aged 86)|
(m. 1941; died 1995)
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/||United States Army Air Forces|
|Years of service||1942–1945|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Richard Girnt Butler (February 23, 1918 – September 8, 2004) was an American engineer and white supremacist. After dedicating himself to the Christian Identity movement, a racialist offshoot of British Israelism, Butler founded the neo-Nazi group Aryan Nations and would become the "spiritual godfather" to the white supremacist movement, in which he was "a leading figure". He has been described as a "notorious racist".
Life and ideological career
Butler was born in Denver, Colorado, to Winfred Girnt and Clarence Butler. His father was of English ancestry, while his mother was of German-English ancestry. He was raised in Los Angeles, California, and after graduating from high school in 1938, he became an aeronautical engineering major at Los Angeles City College. He was a co-inventor of the rapid repair of tubeless tires.
While he was a member of a Presbyterian church, he married Betty Litch in 1941, with whom he fathered two daughters. Litch died on December 1, 1995. After Pearl Harbor, Butler enlisted in the Army Air Corps where he served stateside for the duration of World War II.
In 1946, Butler organized and operated a machine plant for the production and precision machining of automotive parts and engine assemblies for commercial and military aircraft in the United States, Africa, and India. Butler was a marketing analyst for new inventions from 1964 to 1973. He later became a senior manufacturing engineer for Lockheed Martin in Palmdale, California.
In the 1960s, Butler lived in Whittier, California. He collaborated with William Potter Gale and Wesley Swift in the California Committee to Combat Communism. The three men later founded the Christian Defense League in 1964. Butler served as the organization's executive director and ran the organization out of his Whittier home. Both organizations promoted white supremacy and antisemitism under the guise of preserving American heritage and opposing communism. He also lived in Montebello, California.
In the early 1970s, he moved with his family from Palmdale, California, to North Idaho, where he founded the Aryan Nations, a wing of the Church of Jesus Christ–Christian, whose ideology is a mixture of Christian Identity and Nazism. The organization operated from a 20-acre (81,000 m2) compound in Hayden Lake, Idaho, a suburb of the tourist town Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, which became the center of a Neo-Nazi network with worldwide links. Beginning in the 1980s, Butler was implicated in plots to overthrow the United States government, and he had ties to the neo-Nazi group known as The Order. His group often blanketed the community with fliers and mass mailings, and held an annual parade in downtown Coeur d'Alene; however, the group was condemned by the town of Coeur d'Alene, and locals responded almost immediately by forming the Kootenai County Task Force on Human Relations, with legal battles often overshadowing the parades.
Butler organized yearly gatherings of white supremacists at his compound in Idaho which he termed the "Aryan Nations World Congress." At their height in 1984-86, several hundred people would attend including most of the well known leaders of the American far right, such as Klansman Louis Beam, White Aryan Resistance leader Tom Metzger, Gordon "Jack" Mohr, Robert E. Miles, Posse Comitatus leader James Wickstrom, Thomas Robb, Grand Wizard Don Black, and John Trochmann leader of the Militia of Montana.
In 1987, Butler was among fourteen far right activists "indicted for seditious conspiracy" by the U.S. Department of Justice, and their trial was held at a federal court in Arkansas. However, "prosecutors failed to convince an Arkansas jury that Butler and several other prominent racists had conspired to start a race war."
In 2000, Victoria and Jason Keenan, a Native American mother and son who were harassed at gunpoint by Aryan Nations' members, successfully sued Butler. Represented by local attorney Norm Gissel and Morris Dees's Montgomery, Alabama-based Southern Poverty Law Center, they won a combined civil judgment of $6.3 million from Butler and the Aryan Nations members who attacked them. The couple also received his compound, which they later donated to North Idaho College, who turned it into "Peace Park". In September 2000, fellow Sandpoint, Idaho millionaire Vincent Bertollini provided Butler with a new house in Hayden, Idaho. The house was troublesome for neighbors; police were forced to respond to at least one domestic disturbance call, in which two Aryan Nations members were engaged in an altercation on his lawn.
Butler died in his home on September 8, 2004. A spokesman for Aryan Nations stated that he died in his sleep from congestive heart failure. At the time of his death, Aryan Nations had 200 members, Butler's 2002 World Congress drew fewer than 100 people, and when he ran for mayor of Hayden against incumbent Ron McIntire, he lost by 2,100 votes to 50.
- Camden, Jim; Morlin, Bill (September 9, 2004). "Richard Butler, founder of Aryan Nations, dies at 86". The Spokesman-Review. Retrieved April 23, 2021.
- Wakin, Daniel J. (September 9, 2004). "Richard G. Butler, 86, Dies; Founder of Aryan Nations". New York Times. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
- Elliston, Jon (January 28, 2004). "New Age Nazi". Mountain Xpress. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
- "Richard Butler, 86; Supremacist Founded the Aryan Nations". Los Angeles Times. September 9, 2004.
- Day, Meagan (November 4, 2016). "Welcome to Hayden Lake, where white supremacists tried to build their homeland". Timeline. Retrieved March 29, 2021.
- "Extremism in America: Louis Beam". adl.org. Anti-Defamation League. Archived from the original on December 19, 2011.
- "Aryan Nations founder dies at 86". CNN. September 9, 2004. Retrieved March 31, 2021.
- Haynes, V. Dion (February 14, 2001). "Bankrupted Hate Group's Land Sold To Mom, Son Who Won Suit". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 24, 2021.
- Walter, Jess (September 8, 2000). "Jury Awards $6.3 Million to Woman, Son in Aryan Nations Case". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 24, 2021.
- Comment by Edgar J. Steele, Butler's lawyer