Richard Caldwell or Caldwall M.D. (1505?–1584) was an English physician, known for his part in founding the Lumleian Lectures.
One of Caldwell's works was published, after his death. It was a translation of some Tables of Surgerie, from a Latin work by Horatius Morus of Florence, based on the writings of Jean Tagault. The book had both English and Latin text. Edward Caldwell, son or nephew, presented 500 copies to the College.
- Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1886). . Dictionary of National Biography. 8. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Andrew Wear (16 November 2000). Knowledge and Practice in English Medicine, 1550-1680. Cambridge University Press. p. 231. ISBN 978-0-521-55827-3. Retrieved 7 August 2013.