|Born||Richard Webster Cordtz
December 20, 1921
Chicago, Illinois, USA
|Died||November 20, 2006
Dearborn, Michigan, USA
|Occupation||Brass worker, union organizer, labor leader|
Richard Webster Cordtz (December 20, 1921 – November 20, 2006) was an American labor leader. From 1980 to 1995, he was the International Secretary-Treasurer of the Service Employees International Union under John Sweeney, and was president of the union himself from October 1995 to May 1996.
Richard Cordtz was born in Chicago, Illinois, in December 1921. He graduated from high school, but rather than attending college he worked in a brass manufacturing plant in Kenosha, Wisconsin, and joined his first union.
During World War II, he served in the United States Army in the South Pacific. After the war, he attended college in San Diego, California. He worked part-time at Del Mar Racetrack, where he joined SEIU Local 102.
Cordtz and his wife, Tina, had three children.
Cordtz began working as a union organizer for Local 102 in 1947. He was assigned to organizing campaigns in Colorado in 1950, and was elected vice-president of the Colorado Federation of Labor at the age of 30.
Cordtz was assigned to SEIU Local 79, a union representing healthcare workers in Hazel Park, Michigan, in 1953. He was elected the local's president in 1956, and over the next 27 years expanded the union's membership from 1,000 to 20,000 and branched out to include custodial workers, fire fighters, security guards and non-salaried hospital workers. Cordtz was also elected president of SEIU Joint Council 35 (a coalition of Detroit-area SEIU locals), and president of Service Employees Central States Conference (a coalition of SEIU councils and state, regional and local bodies in the Midwest). Cordtz also served as vice-president of Metropolitan Detroit AFL-CIO and on the board of directors of the Michigan State AFL-CIO.
Cordtz rose within the SEIU international hierarchy as well. He was elected a member of the SEIU Executive Board in 1968, an International Vice President in 1972, and International Secretary-Treasurer in 1980. While he served as SEIU Secretary-Treasurer, Cordtz also was elected secretary-treasurer of the Conference of Secretary-Treasurers of the AFL-CIO, vice-president of the AFL-CIO Transportation Trades Department, a director of the A. Philip Randolph Institute, an international board member of the International Federation of Commercial, Clerical and Technical Employees, and was a member of the Industrial Relations Research Association.
Cordtz played a prominent role in national union affairs as Secretary-Treasurer. For example, he stood in for SEIU President John Sweeney and publicly opposed a proposed federal takeover of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters in 1986 and again in 1987, even though federal control was designed to eliminate the influence of organized crime in the union. He also often represented SEIU when existing independent locals affiliated with the larger union.
Cordtz retired from his position at the Metropolitan Detroit AFL-CIO in 1991 but his departure from these and other posts — many of which provided him with an income — angered his critics, who accused him of double-dipping.
SEIU presidency and later life
SEIU President John Sweeney won election as President of the AFL-CIO on October 25, 1995. Sweeney resigned as SEIU president on December 12, 1995, and the 74-year-old Cordtz was elected president the same day to serve out his unexpired term (which ended in April 1996).
Cordtz immediately announced that he would run in April 1996 for a full four-year term as SEIU president, but he ran into significant opposition from reformers in the union who felt he was too close to the "old guard" — white, male, highly paid, double-dipping officials who ran the union in an autocratic fashion. John Sweeney, who had once said he would not support electing anyone over the age of 70 to the SEIU presidency, reversed his position and announced his support for Cordtz's candidacy.
To improve his standing in the union, Cordtz adopted many of the militant tactics pioneered by Sweeney and other SEIU leaders. For example, he blocked traffic on a busy San Francisco, California, street in mid-February 1996 to protest the anti-union activities of Vencor Corp., then the nation's second-largest nursing home chain and a target of a major SEIU organizing drive.
As the SEIU convention neared, Cordtz chose Gus Bevona, President of SEIU Local 32B-32J, as his running mate instead of the incumbent (and Sweeney protégé), Betty Bednarczyk. Bevona had succeeded Sweeney as president of the giant janitorial and elevator operators union in New York City in 1980. Bevona suppressed opposition within the union, centralized authority and reduced democratic processes, engaged in a large number of legally- and ethically-questionable side-deals, and associated with known organized crime figures. In 1991, the highly reclusive union leader was earning $412,000 a year while most of his members made a paltry $29,800 a year. By 1996, his salary had ballooned to nearly $450,000 a year, and the New York City press had revealed that he had built himself a palatial office and lived in a union-owned penthouse rent-free. The announcement of the powerful but ethically-questionable Bevona as Cordtz's running mate cost Cordtz the support of John Sweeney.
On February 27, 1996, Andy Stern, SEIU's 45-year-old Organizing Director, announced he would run for the presidency of the union. His announcement created the first contested presidential election in the union's history. Cordtz fired Stern for insubordination on March 1, and asked that Stern's supporters resign from the union's executive board.
SEIU's executive board met on March 11, 1996. By that time, however, it was clear that Stern had the support of Locals representing nearly two-thirds of the union's membership. The same day, Cordtz withdrew from the race and endorsed Stern. Bevona quietly withdrew his candidacy for secretary-treasurer a few weeks later.
Richard Cordtz retired as president of SEIU when delegates to the union's convention in Chicago elected Andy Stern the new president on April 23, 1996.
Richard Cordtz died on November 20, 2006, at his home in Dearborn, Michigan. His wife and three children survived him.
- "SEIU Mourns the Loss of President Emeritus Richard Cordtz." SEIU.org. No date. Accessed August 13, 2008.
- "John Sweeney Steps Down From Top SEIU Post." Press release. Service Employees International Union. December 12, 1995.
- Moore, J. Duncan. "Cordtz Elected New SEIU Chief." Modern Healthcare. December 18, 1995.
- "Leader Denies Inside Arson Job." Associated Press. August 28, 1980.
- "AFL-CIO Leaders' Biographies." AFL-CIO. c. 1996. Archived at the "Labor versus Capital in the New World Order" Web site at GeoCities.com.
- "AFL-CIO, UAW Join Teamsters In Opposing Proposed Government Takeover." Associated Press. November 8, 1987; Noble, Kenneth B. "Unionists Scorn Biller for Praise of Presser." New York Times. June 28, 1986; Ostrow, Ronald J. and Jackson, Robert L. "U.S. Plans Suit to Get Control of Teamsters." Los Angeles Times. June 10, 1987; Yancey, Matt. "Teamsters Leaders, Dissidents Alike Decry Possible Government Takeover Move." Associated Press. June 11, 1987.
- Mclaren, John. "County Group Joining Forces With Local 102." San Diego Union-Tribune. June 5, 1990.
- "Metro Detroit AFL-CIO Holds 14th Constitutional Convention." Press release. Metropolitan Detroit AFL-CIO. May 17, 1991.
- Samuel, Leah. "High Official of Service Employees Runs a Problem-Plagued Local." Labor Notes. August 1999.
- Swoboda, Frank. "AFL-CIO Elects New Leadership." Washington Post. October 26, 1995.
- "1996 AD." Monthly Labor Review.January–February 1996.
- Saltonstall, Dave. "Union King Faces Civil War Showdown Set for Confab in Chicago." New York Daily News. April 21, 1996.
- Nelson, Robert L. and Nelson, Emily. "Work Week." Wall Street Journal. January 9, 1996.
- Robertson, Kathy. "Union Ups Ante in Battle With Nursing Home." Business Journal-Sacramento. February 12, 1996.
- Cordtz had alienated Bednarczyk in his first two months in office, and at least one source says she refused to be his running mate. Grow, Doug. "A Woman of Substance Reelected to Union Post." Minneapolis Star Tribune. April 17, 1996.
- Greenhouse, Steven. "Leadership Battle Divides Prominent Union." New York Times. March 7, 1996.
- Fitch, Robert. Solidarity for Sale: How Corruption Destroyed the Labor Movement and Undermined America's Promise. New York: Public Affairs, 2006. ISBN 1-891620-72-X
- Finder, Alan. "Reclusive Building Union Chief Earned $412,000 in 1989." New York Times. May 8, 1991.
- Greenhouse, Steven. "A Tough General For Janitors: He Delivers, and Gets Back Top Compensation." New York Times. January 22, 1996; Greenhouse, Steven. "Ex-Union Chief's Private Palace." New York Times. February 9, 1999; Greenhouse, Steven. "Chief of Building Workers' Union Leaves With $1.5 Million." New York Times. February 3, 1999; Greenhouse, Steven. "Union Official Retires Under Pressure." New York Times. February 2, 1999; "Labor Leader Quits Amid Furor on Pay." New York Times. February 2, 1999.
- Crowe, Kenneth C. "Battle Looms For Service Employees Leadership." Newsday. February 28, 1996.
- Greenhouse, Steven. "Union President Yields Race to Challenger." New York Times. March 12, 1996; Swoboda, Frank. "Services Union Chief Won't Seek Reelection." Washington Post. March 12, 1996.
- "Union President Won't Run." Chicago Tribune. March 12, 1996; "Service Employees Union President Ends Reelection Bid." Los Angeles Times. March 12, 1996.
- Crowe, Kenneth C. "Union Chief's Rough Road." Newsday. April 19, 1996.
- Franklin, Stephen. "New Generation Secures Place in Union Leadership." Chicago Tribune. April 24, 1996.
- "Hall of Famers." Work In Progress. November 14, 2000.
- SEIU Secretary-Treasurer's Office: Richard Cordtz Records at the Walter P. Reuther Library at Wayne State University
|President of the SEIU