Richard Dana (lawyer)
Portrait of Richard Dana by John Singleton Copley (ca. 1770)
|Member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives for Marblehead|
|Born||June 26, 1700|
|Died||May 17, 1772 (aged 71)|
(m. 1737; his death 1772)
|Children||7, including Francis|
|Alma mater||Harvard College|
Dana was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts on June 26, 1700. He was the son of Daniel Dana (1664–1749) and Naomi (née Croswell) Dana (1670–1751). The Dana family was prominent in colonial Massachusetts and their family’s coat of arms was three stags separated by a chevron, with a fox at the crest.
Dana became a prominent lawyer and during the early stages of the Revolution, the city of Boston depended on his legal advice, serving as a member of the committee that investigated the Boston Massacre in 1770. He was a founding member the Sons of Liberty, and led Massachusetts opposition to the Stamp Act. He served one term in the Massachusetts Assembly, representing Marblehead in 1738.
On May 31, 1737, Dana was married to Lydia Trowbridge (1710–1776), the sister of Edmund Trowbridge, an associate justice for the Massachusetts Superior Court of Judicature. Together, they were the parents of:
- Edmund Dana (1739-1823)
- Henry Dana (b. 1741)
- Francis Dana (1743–1811), a delegate to the Continental Congress who signed the Articles of Confederation and later served as Ambassador to Russia.
- Mary Dana (b. 1744)
- Robert Dana (b. 1747)
- Mary Dana (b. 1750)
- Lydia Trowbridge Dana (1755–1808), who married John Hastings (1754-1839), a major in Lee's Continental Regiment during the Revolutionary War
Through his son Francis, he was the grandfather of Richard Henry Dana Sr., a lawyer, poet and literary critic, and the great-grandfather of Edmund Trowbridge Dana (1818–1869) and Richard Henry Dana Jr. (1815–1882), also a noted lawyer and author who served as U.S. Attorney for Massachusetts and wrote the classic Two Years Before the Mast.
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- Munsey's Magazine Volume XVI | October 1896, To March 1897. New York: Frank A. Munsey & Company. 1897. pp. 140–152. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
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- Adams, John (1965). Legal Papers of John Adams. Harvard University Press. pp. 99–100. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
- Mays, Terry M. Historical Dictionary Of Revolutionary America (Scarecrow Press, 2005). Page 77.
- "Dana Family Papers, 1654-1950". www.masshist.org. Massachusetts Historical Society. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
- Cambridge University Alumni, 1261-1900
- Eliot, Samuel Atkins (1906). Biographical History of Massachusetts: Biographies and Autobiographies of the Leading Men in the State. Massachusetts biographical society. p. 1850. Retrieved 13 November 2017.