Richard Dawson, 1st Earl of Dartrey

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Richard Dawson, 1st Earl of Dartrey KP (7 September 1817 – 12 May 1897), styled the Hon. Richard Dawson until 1827 and the Lord Cremorne from 1827 to 1866, was an Anglo-Irish Liberal, and later Liberal Unionist, politician.

Dartrey was the eldest son of Richard Dawson, 2nd Baron Cremorne, and his wife Anne Elizabeth Emily (née Whaley), and succeeded his father in the barony in 1827 at the age of nine. As this was an Irish peerage it did not entitle him to a seat in the House of Lords. However, in 1847 he was created Baron Dartrey, of Dartrey in co. Monaghan, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, which allowed him to take a seat in the House of Lords.

Dartrey served as a Lord-in-Waiting (government whip in the House of Lords) under Lord Palmerston from 1857 to 1858 and under Palmerston and later Lord Russell from 1859 to 1866. He was made a Knight of the Order of St Patrick in 1855 and in 1866 he was further honoured when he was made Earl of Dartrey, of Dartrey in the County of Monaghan.

In 1886 Dartrey broke with William Ewart Gladstone over Irish Home Rule and moved to the Liberal Unionist benches in the House of Lords. He also served as Lord-Lieutenant of County Monaghan from 1871 to 1897.

Lord Dartrey married Augusta, daughter of Edward Stanley, in 1841. Their daughter Lady Mary Eleanor Anne married Henry Fox-Strangways, 5th Earl of Ilchester. Their second son the Hon. Edward Stanley Dawson became a Captain in the Royal Navy. The Countess of Dartrey died in August 1887, aged 64. Lord Dartrey survived her by ten years and died in May 1897, aged 79. He was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son, Vesey.


Honorary titles
Preceded by
Charles Powell Leslie III
Lord Lieutenant of Monaghan
Succeeded by
The Lord Rossmore
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Earl of Dartrey
Succeeded by
Vesey Dawson
Baron Dartrey
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Richard Thomas Dawson
Baron Cremorne
Succeeded by
Vesey Dawson