Richard Billing Dearlove
23 January 1945
Gorran Haven, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom
|Alma mater||Queens' College, Cambridge|
|Awards|| KCMG |
|Service branch||Secret Intelligence Service (SIS/MI6)|
|Rank||Chief of SIS/MI6|
Sir Richard Billing Dearlove KCMG OBE (born 23 January 1945) is a retired British intelligence officer who served as the head of the British Secret Intelligence Service (MI6), a role known informally as "C", from 1999 until 6 May 2004. He was in his role as head of MI6 during the invasion of Iraq. He was blamed by the Iraq Inquiry for providing unverified intelligence about weapons of mass destruction to the Prime Minister, Tony Blair.
He currently serves as Chair of Board of Trustees of University of London. He previously served as Master of Pembroke College at the University of Cambridge from 2004 to 2015.
Dearlove was born at Gorran Haven in the county of Cornwall, the son of Jack Dearlove, a 1948 Olympic silver medallist in rowing. He received his early formal education at Monkton Combe School near Bath, and the Kent School in Kent, Connecticut, and graduated from Queens' College, Cambridge with a Masters degree in History.
HM's civil service
Dearlove joined MI6 in 1966 and was posted to Nairobi in 1968. In 1984, he was appointed an OBE. After being posted to Prague, Paris and Geneva, he became head of Washington station in 1991, director of personnel and administration in 1993 and director of operations in 1994. Dearlove was appointed chief of MI6 in 1999, by Foreign Secretary Robin Cook, following David Spedding's August 1999 retirement from the position. Early on Dearlove facilitated the publication of the famed Mitrokhin Archive, under project Jessant. In 2001, he was appointed a KCMG.
His tenure as the head of MI6 saw many events for the Service as well as tension with the Government over the evidence for war on Iraq. It has been suggested that many within the intelligence community were uneasy that their qualified judgements on Iraq's weapons of mass destruction were presented as hard facts in various dossiers (e.g. September Dossier & The Dodgy Dossier AKA Iraq Dossier). In July 2002, Dearlove privately told ministers that in the US "intelligence and facts were being fixed around the policy".
The official Chilcot Report published in 2016 blamed Dearlove for presenting so-called "hot" intelligence about alleged weapons of mass destruction provided by an Iraqi with "phenomenal access" to high levels in the Iraqi government directly to Prime Minister, Tony Blair, without first confirming its accuracy. The investigators found that references to this intelligence in government reports were over-certain and did not adequately stress uncertainties and nuance. The informant was later found to have been lying. The Chilcot report states that "personal intervention [by Dearlove] and its urgency gave added weight to a report that had not been properly evaluated and would have coloured the perception of ministers and senior officials". The day after the report was published, Blair conceded that he should have challenged such intelligence reports before relying on them to justify military action in Iraq.
Dearlove was elected Master of Pembroke College, Cambridge, on 1 August 2004. He accepted an invitation to become the Chairman of Trustees of the Cambridge Union Society in 2006. As Master of Pembroke, Dearlove was ex officio chairman of the board of Trustees of Pembroke House, a community centre in Walworth, London, via the college's patronage of the advowson of St Christopher's, Walworth (CofE). He is to this day the President of Pembroke College Boat Club.
In February 2008, Dearlove gave evidence at the inquest of Princess Diana's death, responding to Harrods owner Mohamed al-Fayed who said that MI6 had murdered Diana.
Dearlove is a signatory of the Henry Jackson Society principles. He is also a "senior advisor" to the Monitor Group – a consultancy and private equity firm which has been implicated in undertaking PR work for Libya and Muammar Gaddafi. In April 2013, it was announced that Dearlove joined the advisory board of Ergo, an intelligence and advisory firm.
On 15 February 2011, Dearlove gave a talk at the Cambridge Union Society, taking as his theme the question of how much secrecy the UK needs: "The short answer to that question is that it needs some but actually not as much as you think.": 2:48 He said he "would definitely draw a parallel at the moment between the wave of political unrest which is sweeping through the Middle East, in a very excited and rather extraordinary fashion, and also the Wikileaks phenomenon",: 3:25 but added later, in connection with the way technological advances was altering the norms of civic and private life, commenting on WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange, that "the Assange story, as such, is ultimately a distraction. He's a very undignified flag-carrier, in my opinion, for a very important issue.": 11:50
In 2012, Dearlove took a sabbatical from Cambridge University to write an account of events leading up to the 2003 invasion of Iraq from his perspective at MI6, including coverage of the production of the so-called "dodgy dossier". Publishing such an account would be unprecedented for a former Chief of the Secret Intelligence Service. He may release this now that the Chilcot Inquiry findings have been published in 2016.
On 7 July 2014, in a lecture at the Royal United Services Institute, Dearlove argued that the government and media had exaggerated the Islamist terrorism threat to the UK, giving extremists publicity counter-productive to UK interests.
In 2015, Dearlove retired as Master of Pembroke College. He is non-executive chairman of Crossword Cybersecurity plc.
On 16 May 2016, Dearlove gave a public lecture televised by the BBC on contemporary mass foreign migration and its effects upon the European continent. In its text he stated that the governments of Europe were facing a "sea change" in their politics, and if they did not get control and prevent ongoing mass migration of peoples from Africa and Asia into Europe they would find themselves "at the mercy of a populist uprising, ... which is already stirring," and that the oncoming 2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referendum was the first manifestation of it. He stated further that foreign mass migration's geopolitical impact upon Europe, if it was not prevented, was set to reshape its political landscape as those of its citizens who feel their interests are threatened asserted their influence.
On 8 June 2017, Dearlove intervened on the day of the 2017 UK general election in The Daily Telegraph saying "how profoundly dangerous it would be for the nation if Jeremy Corbyn becomes Prime Minister."
On 29 November 2018 Dearlove co-signed an open letter, published in a British national newspaper, condemning Prime Minister Theresa May's negotiated Brexit withdrawal agreement after the 2016 Referendum on the issue, as the matter was passing through the House of Commons to be voted upon. In its text he stated that the Withdrawal Agreement as negotiated undermined MI6's nationally independent global intelligence power. In a published response, dated the same day, May's office issued a public rebuttal to the letter's content, singling out Dearlove personally from the named list of several signatories to the open letter, and stating that the Withdrawal Agreement "absolutely does not" compromise the national independence of the UK's intelligence capacity. In early December 2018 Dearlove, in a jointly authored text with Major-General Julian Thompson, published on the website 'Briefings for Brexit' an extensive reply to May's statement entitled 'The Prime Minister is misleading the country on defence and security', citing a 'worryingly poor understanding of the issues' by her office.
On 8 January 2019, Dearlove sent a letter co-signed by Field Marshal Lord Guthrie to all Chairs of Conservative Party Parliamentary Constituency Associations with sitting Members of Parliament stating that the passage through the House of Commons of the Brexit withdrawal agreement contained decisions which fundamentally undermined the integrity of the Defence of the Realm, and requested that they take measures to discourage their parliamentary representatives from voting for it in the Commons. The letter as an alternative advocated the case upon national security grounds that the United Kingdom should fully withdraw from the European Union without an Intergovernmental relationship between the two persisting after the process.
On 16 May 2019 Dearlove characterised Huawei's role in the British 5G network as "an unnecessary risk" as it could give the Chinese government a "potentially advantageous exploitative position". On 17 January 2020, as U.S. President Donald Trump was held to be bluffing by the EU Trade Commissioner Phil Hogan over the incompatibility of Five Eyes and Huawei, Dearlove said Huawei posed a security threat "without question... It’s a capability in the bank that China will use if it needs to... If the Chinese state says to Huawei 'jump' the company can’t turn round and say 'no'."
On 3 June 2020 Dearlove stated in a podcast interview that the Coronavirus disease 2019 began 'as an accident' either in the Wuhan Institute of Virology lab or in the Wuhan Centre for Disease Control.
- ^ Corera, Gordon (31 March 2015). "Plaque unveiled for first MI6 chief Mansfield Cumming". BBC News. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
- ^ "The Iraq Inquiry".
- ^ a b "Exeter University: Honorary Graduates".
- ^ "The Olympic hero they kept in hiding". Daily Telegraph. 4 July 2012. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
- ^ New MI6 spymaster named, BBC News, 25 February 1999. Accessed 13 February 2008.
- ^ a b c d e f Profile: Sir Richard Dearlove BBC News, 20 February 2008
- ^ a b Gordon Thomas (16 February 2010). Secret Wars: One Hundred Years of British Intelligence Inside MI5 and MI6. St. Martin's Publishing Group. pp. 463–. ISBN 978-1-4299-4576-9.
- ^ "No. 56237". The London Gazette (Supplement). 16 June 2001. p. 3.
- ^ Norton-Taylor, Richard (23 November 2009). "Five key questions to be answered" – via The Guardian.
- ^ Rawnsley, Andrew (10 July 2016). "Ten things that Chilcot's verdict reveals about Tony Blair and the Iraq war". The Guardian. London, UK. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
- ^ Taylor, Peter (7 July 2016). "Chilcot report: The flawed chain of intelligence that led to war". BBC News. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
- ^ Cooper, Charlie (7 July 2016). "Tony Blair admits he should have challenged intelligence that led to Iraq War". The Independent. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
- ^ "St Christopher's, Walworth". Southwark Diocese.
- ^ "Pembroke College Mission" (PDF).
- ^ "PCBC Pembroke College Boat Club". pembrokecollegeboatclub.com. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
- ^ "Signatories to the Statement of Principles". Henry Jackson Society. Archived from the original on 8 August 2010.
- ^ "Richard Dearlove". Monitor Group.
- ^ "Britain and Libya's web of deceit and hypocrisy".
- ^ "Home". Ergo – Global Intelligence.
- ^ Sir Richard Dearlove Joins Ergo's Advisory Board, PR Newswire, 23 April 2013, Retrieved 12 June 2013
- ^ a b c "Sir Richard Dearlove". Cambridge Union Society. 7 July 2011. Retrieved 7 August 2011.
- ^ Melanie Hall (21 July 2013). "Former head of MI6 threatens to expose secrets of Iraq 'dodgy dossier'". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 12 July 2014.
- ^ Richard Norton-Taylor (7 July 2014). "Islamist terror threat to west blown out of proportion – former MI6 chief". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 July 2014.
- ^ "'Pathetic' Britons in Syria and Iraq do not pose threat, says former MI6 chief". The Daily Telegraph. 7 July 2014. Retrieved 12 July 2014.
- ^ Michael White (17 May 2016). "Is Sir Richard Dearlove seeking refuge from Chilcot?". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
- ^ "Leadership Team". Crossword Cybersecurity. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
- ^ "Richard Dearlove lecture at BBC's World on the Move Day". BBC News. 16 May 2016 – via Youtube.
- ^ "Former MI6 Chief warns against visa-free Turkish immigration". The Guardian. 17 May 2016.
- ^ Dearlove, Richard (8 June 2017). "Jeremy Corbyn is a danger to this nation. At MI6, which I once led, he wouldn't clear the security vetting". The Daily Telegraph.
- ^ "Former MI6 Chief accuses Theresa May of surrendering British national security to the EU". Brexit Central. 29 November 2018.
- ^ "Response to coverage of a Richard Dearlove letter in The Sun". Prime Minister's Office. 29 November 2018.
- ^ "The Prime Minister is misleading the country on defence and security". Briefings for Brexit. 1 December 2018.
- ^ "Theresa May's Brexit deal threatens national security says former head of MI6". Daily Telegraph. 10 January 2019. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
- ^ "Ex-MI6 and defence chiefs warn Tory MP's to vote down Brexit deal that "threatens national security". Sky News. 10 January 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
- ^ "Huawei role in UK 5G network an unnecessary risk, ex-MI6 chief says". BBC. 16 May 2019.
- ^ "Trump is bluffing on Huawei Five Eyes threat, says EU trade commissioner". Sydney Morning Herald. 17 January 2020.
- ^ "Exclusive: Coronavirus began 'as an accident' in Chinese lab, says former MI6 boss". Telegraph Media Group Limited. 3 June 2020.
- 1945 births
- Living people
- People educated at Monkton Combe School
- Kent School alumni
- Alumni of Queens' College, Cambridge
- Chiefs of the Secret Intelligence Service
- Fellows of Pembroke College, Cambridge
- Masters of Pembroke College, Cambridge
- Knights Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
- Officers of the Order of the British Empire
- Post–Cold War spies
- People from Cornwall