Richard Fitzalan, 1st Earl of Arundel

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Richard Fitzalan

Born3 February 1267
Died9 March 1302 (aged 35)
Resting placeHaughmond Abbey, Shropshire
Spouse(s)Alice of Saluzzo
Children
Parent(s)John Fitzalan III
Isabella Mortimer
FamilyFitzalan

Richard Fitzalan, 1st Earl of Arundel (3 February 1267 – 9 March 1302) was an English nobleman and soldier.

Lineage[edit]

Arms of d'Aubigny, Earls of Arundel, as blazoned in Charles's Roll of Arms (13th century), for Hugh d'Aubigny, 5th Earl of Arundel (d.1243): Gules, a lion rampant or.[1] These arms were adopted by the family of Fitzalan, successors in the Earldom of Arundel; They were recorded as the arms of Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel (1266-1302) in the Falkirk Roll, Glover's Roll and in the Caerlaverock Poem (1300) and are shown on his seal on the Barons' Letter, 1301. They are today shown in the 4th quarter of the arms of the Duke of Norfolk, of the family of Fitz-Alan Howard,[2] who holds the subsidiary title Earl of Arundel

He was the son of John Fitzalan III and Isabella Mortimer, daughter of Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Wigmore and Maud de Braose. His paternal grandparents were John Fitzalan II[3] and Maud le Botiller.

Richard was feudal Lord of Clun and Oswestry in the Welsh Marches. In 1289 he was created Earl of Arundel.[4]

He was knighted by King Edward I of England in 1289.

Fought in Wales, Gascony & Scotland[edit]

He fought in the Welsh wars, 1288 to 1294, when the Welsh castle of Castell y Bere (near modern-day Towyn) was besieged by Madog ap Llywelyn. He commanded the force sent to relieve the siege and he also took part in many other campaigns in Wales ; also in Gascony 1295-97; and furthermore in the Scottish wars, 1298-1300.

Marriage & Issue[edit]

He married sometime before 1285, Alice of Saluzzo (also known as Alesia di Saluzzo), daughter of Thomas I of Saluzzo in Italy. Their issue:

  1. Edmund Fitzalan, 2nd Earl of Arundel.
  2. John, a priest.
  3. Alice Fitzalan, married Stephen de Segrave, 3rd Lord Segrave.
  4. Margaret Fitzalan, married William le Botiller (or Butler).
  5. Eleanor FitzAlan, married Henry de Percy, 1st Baron Percy.[a]

Burial[edit]

Richard and his mother are buried together in the sanctuary of Haughmond Abbey, long closely associated with the FitzAlan family.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Standard accounts of the Percy family[citation needed] identify Eleanor as the daughter of the "Earl of Arundel". Arrangements for Eleanor's marriage to Lord Percy are found in the recognizance made in 1300 by Eleanor's father, Richard, Earl of Arundel, for a debt of 2,000 marks which he owed Sir Henry Percy.[citation needed] Eleanor was styled as a "kinswoman" of Edward II on two separate occasions; once in 1318 and again in 1322 presumably by her descent from Amadeus IV, Count of Savoy who was the brother of Edward II's great-grandmother, Beatrice of Savoy.[citation needed] Eleanor's brothers, Edmund and John were also styled as "kinsmen" of the king.[citation needed] Eleanor's identity is further indicated by the presence of the old and new arms of FitzAlan (or Arundel) at her tomb.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ www.briantimms.net, Charles's Roll
  2. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.833
  3. ^ Tout & Saul 2004.
  4. ^ Cokayne & Gibbs 1910, pp. 240–241.
  • Cokayne, G.E. & Gibbs, Vicary, eds. (1910). "Arundel". The Complete Peerage. 1 (2nd ed.). London: St. Catherine Press.
  • Tout, Thomas Frederick (1889). "Fitzalan, Richard I, Earl of Arundel (1267–1302)" . In Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 19. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 95–96.
  • Tout, T.F. & Saul, Nigel (2004). "Fitzalan, Richard, first earl of Arundel (1267–1302), magnate and soldier". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online). doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/9533.
  • Weis, Frederick Lewis. Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700.

External links[edit]

Peerage of England
Vacant
Title last held by
Hugh d'Aubigny
Earl of Arundel
1289–1302
Succeeded by
Edmund Fitzalan