Richard G. Scott
|Richard G. Scott|
Scott in 2007
|Quorum of the Twelve Apostles|
|October 1, 1988– September 22, 2015|
|LDS Church Apostle|
|October 6, 1988– September 22, 2015|
|Reason||Death of Marion G. Romney|
|Presidency of the First Quorum of the Seventy|
|October 1, 1983– October 1, 1988|
|End reason||Called to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles|
|First Quorum of the Seventy|
|April 2, 1977– October 1, 1988|
|End reason||Called to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles|
|Born||Richard Gordon Scott
November 7, 1928
Pocatello, Idaho, U.S.
|Died||September 22, 2015
Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.
|Education||George Washington University|
|Spouse(s)||Jeanene Watkins (d. 1995)|
Richard Gordon Scott (November 7, 1928 – September 22, 2015) was an American scientist and religious leader who served as a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).
Scott was born in Idaho in 1928 and grew up in Washington, D.C. He attended George Washington University as an undergraduate, graduating in 1950 with a B.S. degree in mechanical engineering. He then served a full-time LDS mission in Uruguay from 1950 to 1953, achieving fluency in Spanish. Upon his return in 1953, Scott married Jeanene Watkins, his college girlfriend and the daughter of U.S. Senator Arthur Watkins, and began working as a nuclear engineer for Naval Reactors under the leadership of Admiral Hyman Rickover. Scott worked for the U.S. government until 1965, when the LDS Church selected him to serve as a mission president in Argentina. He completed his service in 1968 and returned to Washington, D.C., where he worked for a private nuclear engineering consulting firm. Scott's scientific career ended in 1977 when the LDS Church called him to serve as a general authority. Following the death of Marion G. Romney in 1988, Scott was chosen to fill the subsequent vacancy in the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, and served in that position until his death in 2015.
Background and education
Scott was born in Pocatello, Idaho, to Kenneth Leroy Scott and Mary Eliza Whittle. When he was five years old, the family moved to Washington, D.C., where his father worked in the U.S. Department of Agriculture. His father was not a member of the LDS Church at the time, and his mother was marginally active, until the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture in the Eisenhower administration, church apostle Ezra Taft Benson, named Kenneth Scott as Assistant Secretary of Agriculture. Benson's influence led to his father's conversion and the reactivation of his mother. In 1988, as church president, Benson appointed Richard as a church apostle.
Encouraged by his bishop and home teachers, Scott had attended church sporadically at times during his youth but felt out of place. He lacked confidence socially and athletically at school, although he excelled academically, was a class president, played the clarinet in the band, and was a drum major in the marching band.
During his high school summers, Scott worked various jobs to earn money for college. Working on an oyster boat off the coast of Long Island, New York, during one summer, the hardened fishermen mocked him for not drinking alcohol. When a man went overboard and 17-year-old "Scotty" was the only sober man on board, he was sent overboard to look for him. In other summers, Scott cut down trees in Utah for the forest service and repaired railroad cars; he also worked as a dishwasher and assistant cook for a logging company in Utah.
Scott graduated from George Washington University with a Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering. At the time, he was dating Jeanene Watkins, the daughter of U.S. Senator Arthur V. Watkins. When she categorically stated that she would only marry a returned missionary in an LDS temple, Scott's career plans changed and he applied for missionary service. He was called to serve in the Uruguay Montevideo Mission. It was during his missionary service that Scott was able to fill "all the voids of loneliness" he had felt since his youth. Jeanene graduated in sociology and left the day after graduation for a mission to the northwestern United States. After they both completed their missionary service, they married in the Manti Temple on July 16, 1953.
The Scotts had seven children, five of whom reached adulthood. Their first son died after an operation to correct a congenital heart condition. Their second daughter lived only minutes and died six weeks before the death of their first son. Jeanene Watkins Scott died on May 15, 1995, after a short battle with cancer.
A few weeks after returning from Uruguay, Scott was interviewed by Hyman G. Rickover, "father of the nuclear Navy". The interview seemed to go poorly since, when Scott mentioned his recent missionary service, the volatile Captain snapped, "and what do I care about your mission?" When asked what was the last book he read, Scott had to answer truthfully that it was the Book of Mormon. When all seemed lost to Scott, he stood to leave, but Rickover told him to wait, saying that he had only been testing his confidence and whether he would be true to what he believed, since this would be a difficult project. Scott was then offered the job working on the design of the nuclear reactor for the Nautilus, the first nuclear-powered submarine of the U.S. Navy. While working for Naval Reactors, Scott reported to Harry Mandil, reactor engineering branch director and became one of Mandil's key reactor material engineers. Scott later completed what was an equivalent to a doctorate in nuclear engineering at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee, but due to the classified nature of the work, a formal university degree was not awarded. He also worked on the development of the Shippingport Atomic Power Station—the first commercial land-based nuclear power plant. He worked with Rickover until 1965 when he and his family moved to Córdoba, Argentina, when he was called as president of the church's Argentina North Mission. One of his missionaries was D. Todd Christofferson, who would later be called to serve in the Quorum of the Twelve with Scott.
After his return from Argentina, Scott joined other former Rickover staffers at a private consulting firm specializing in nuclear engineering, working out of Washington, D.C. He worked there until his call as a church general authority in 1977.
LDS Church service
Scott served in the LDS Church in many capacities. His ability to speak Spanish aided him in many assignments. Apart from his 31-month mission to Uruguay, he served as a stake clerk and as a counselor in a stake presidency before his service as a mission president. He served as a regional representative in the Uruguay, Paraguay, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and Washington, D.C. areas. He was called as a general authority and member of the First Quorum of the Seventy in April 1977. In 1983, he was called to the Presidency of the Seventy.
On October 1, 1988, Scott was called to serve in the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, filling the vacancy created by the death of quorum president Marion G. Romney. As a member of the Quorum of the Twelve, Scott was accepted by the church as a prophet, seer, and revelator.
After not speaking in the church's general conference earlier in the month, on April 23, 2015, Scott was hospitalized with gastrointestinal bleeding. The bleeding was brought under control within the next 24 hours, and he was released from the hospital on April 28. The bleeding was later determined to have been caused by an ulcer. The church reported that "Elder Scott, known for his gentle manner and devoted service, has experienced a fading memory incident to age, and is not fully able to participate in meetings of the Quorum of the Twelve at this time. Doctors consider his condition as stable."
Scott was a regular speaker at Church Educational System firesides and at the church's general conferences. In these settings he was known "for delivering compassionate talks ... looking directly into the camera, and pleading for repentance and improvements in the lives of members. He emphasizes the Savior's compassion and willingness to forgive past transgressions, and pleads for members to repent and move on with their lives."
In 2007, Scott wrote Finding Peace, Happiness and Joy, his first book written as an apostle. It carries on many themes from his talks such as repentance and finding happiness through the atonement of Jesus Christ.
Some of the addresses he has delivered in general conferences include:
- "To Heal the Shattering Consequences of Abuse", April 2008 General Conference
- "Truth, the Foundation of Correct Decisions", October 2007 General Conference
- "Jesus Christ, Our Redeemer", April 1997 General Conference
- "Elder Richard G. Scott", Newsroom, LDS Church, retrieved 2011-08-31
- Gardner, Marvin K. (January 1989), "Elder Richard G. Scott: 'The Real Power Comes from the Lord'", Ensign: 7
- Scott, Richard G. (March 2001), "Do What Is Right", Liahona, LDS Church
- Gardner, Marvin K. (January 1989). "Elder Richard G. Scott: The Real Power Comes from the Lord". The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
- Richard G. Scott, "The Eternal Blessings of Marriage", Liahona, May 2011.
- Scott, Richard G. (May 2009), "Temple Worship: The Source of Strength and Power in Times of Need", Ensign, LDS Church
- Rockwell, Theodore, The Rickover Effect: How One Man Made a Difference, Naval Institute Press, ISBN 1-55750-702-3.
- Todd, Jay M. (May 1977), "Elder Richard G. Scott of the First Quorum of the Seventy", Ensign: 102–103
- "Elder Richard G. Scott Sustained to Presidency of the First Quorum of the Seventy", Ensign: 90, November 1983
- "Church Issues Update on Health of Leaders", Newsroom, LDS Church, 2015-05-08
- "Elder Richard G. Scott Dies at Age 86", Newsroom, LDS Church, 2015-09-22
- "Richard G. Scott". mormonwiki.com. Retrieved April 7, 2009.[unreliable source?]
- Scott, Richard G. (2007), Finding Peace, Happiness, and Joy, Deseret Book, ISBN 978-1-57008-752-3, OCLC 74941162
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