Richard Grenville (British Army officer)

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Richard Grenville
Born6 July 1742
Died22 April 1823
Allegiance Great Britain
Service/branch British Army
Other workMember of Parliament

General Richard Grenville (6 July 1742 – 22 April 1823) was a senior officer in the British Army and a politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1774 to 1780.


Grenville was the second son of James Grenville and was the twin brother of James Grenville, 1st Baron Glastonbury. He attended Eton College from 1754 to 1758,[1] and in 1759 he entered the Army, as an ensign in the 1st Foot Guards.[2]

Grenville obtained the rank of captain in 1760, by raising an independent company, and on 7 May 1761 he was removed to a company in the 24th Regiment of Foot. He served the campaigns of 1761 and 1762 in Germany, as aide-de-camp to the Marquess of Granby. In 1772 he purchased a company in the Coldstream Guards, and in 1776 he accompanied the brigade of Guards to America. On 19 February 1779 he received the rank of colonel, on 20 November 1782 that of major-general, on 21 April 1786, the colonelcy for life of the 23rd Regiment of Foot, and on 3 May 1796 the rank of lieutenant-general.[3] In 1798 he was appointed commandant of the garrison at Plymouth in the absence of the Governor,[4] and on 1 January 1801 he was promoted to general.[5]

Grenville was returned as Member of Parliament for Buckingham, together with his twin brother James, on the family interest at the 1774 general election. His military activities appear to have prevented him from making much of a contribution in Parliament. Whether by his own choice or at the instigation of Lord Temple, he did not stand in 1780.

Grenville was in charge of Prince Frederick Augustus's establishment in Hanover from about 1781 until 1787, then served as comptroller and master of the Household to him as Duke of York from 1788 until 1823.[1]

Grenville died unmarried in 1823.


  1. ^ a b Mary M. Drummond, GRENVILLE, Richard (1742-1823). in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1754-1790 (1964).
  2. ^ "No. 9923". The London Gazette. 18–21 August 1759. p. 2.
  3. ^ John Philippart, The Royal Military Calendar, third edition (London, 1820), vol. I, p. 283.
  4. ^ "No. 15083". The London Gazette. 24–27 November 1798. p. 1124.
  5. ^ "No. 15326". The London Gazette. 6–10 January 1801. p. 37.
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe
Colonel of the 23rd Regiment of Foot
Succeeded by
Sir James Willoughby Gordon, Bt
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Henry Grenville
James Grenville
Member of Parliament for Buckingham
With: James Grenville
Succeeded by
Richard Griffin
James Grenville