Richard Grosvenor, 1st Baron Stalbridge
|The Right Honourable
The Lord Stalbridge
|Vice-Chamberlain of the Household|
25 February 1872 – 17 February 1874
|Prime Minister||William Ewart Gladstone|
|Preceded by||Viscount Castlerosse|
|Succeeded by||The Viscount Barrington|
to the Treasury
28 April 1880 – 9 June 1885
|Prime Minister||William Ewart Gladstone|
|Preceded by||Sir William Hart Dyke, Bt|
|Succeeded by||Areas Akers-Douglas|
|Born||28 January 1837|
|Died||18 May 1912
|Political party||Liberal Party
|Spouse(s)||(1) Hon. Beatrice Vesey
(2) Eleanor Hamilton-Stubber (d. 1911)
|Alma mater||Trinity College, Cambridge|
Richard de Aquila Grosvenor, 1st Baron Stalbridge PC≤ (28 January 1837 – 18 May 1912), styled Lord Richard Grosvenor between 1845 and 1886, was a British politician and businessman. Initially a Liberal, he served under William Ewart Gladstone as Vice-Chamberlain of the Household between 1872 and 1874 and as Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury between 1880 and 1885. However, he broke with Gladstone over Irish Home Rule in 1886 and joined the Liberal Unionists.
Background and education
Grosvenor was the fourth but second surviving son of Richard Grosvenor, 2nd Marquess of Westminster, and Lady Elizabeth Mary, daughter of George Leveson-Gower, 1st Duke of Sutherland. Hugh Grosvenor, 1st Duke of Westminster, was his elder brother. He was educated at Westminster School and admitted on 24 January 1849 to Trinity College, Cambridge, matriculating in 1855, he was awarded MA graduation in 1858. During an adventurous youth, he toured the western United States and was present at the sack of the Summer Palace during the Second Opium War.
On 20 April 1858, he was commissioned a lieutenant in the Dorsetshire Yeomanry and promoted to lieutenant-colonel on 19 July 1866. He succeeded Lord Digby as lieutenant-colonel commandant on 20 September 1870.
Grosvenor was Liberal Party Member of Parliament for Flintshire from 1861 until 1886. On 19 March 1872 he was sworn of the Privy Council and appointed Vice-Chamberlain of the Household by William Ewart Gladstone, a post he held until the government fell in 1874. When the Liberals returned to power in 1880 under Gladstone, Grosvenor was made Patronage Secretary to the Treasury, as the Chief Whip was known. He remained in this post until 1885, but disagreed with Gladstone over Irish Home Rule and resigned his seat in protest (by accepting appointment as a Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds) in 1886. He was subsequently raised to the peerage on 22 March 1886 as Baron Stalbridge, of Stalbridge in the County of Dorset, and became a leader of the Liberal Unionist Party from the House of Lords.
On 15 April 1882, Grosvenor resigned his command of the Dorsetshire Yeomanry Cavalry and was appointed honorary colonel of the regiment, a post he held until 1895. In 1891, he was appointed chairman of the London and North Western Railway, of which he had been a director since 1870 and had eagerly promoted. In 1867 he was prompted by Emperor Napoleon III to head an international committee to promote a populist view of a Channel Tunnel, which contemplated a submarine railway between England and France. In 1895 he established the LNWR Savings Bank, which became the main sponsor of a new ambulance centre for the St John's Ambulance Association in Manchester.
He had inherited Motcombe House in 1891. The house was demolished after he contracted typhoid fever in 1894 and a new house built in 1895. However, much of the estate was sold off in 1905 to raise money, when the family moved to London. Lord Stalbridge had, in 1887, agreed to pay off some of the debts of Liberal peer, Lord Sudeley, and the resulting financial entanglement severely reduced his wealth.
Lord Stalbridge married at Westminster Abbey on 5 November 1874, as his first wife the Hon. Beatrice Charlotte Elizabeth Vesey, third and youngest daughter of Thomas Vesey, 3rd Viscount de Vesci by Emma, youngest daughter of George Augustus, 11th Earl of Pembroke. She died of pleurisy in Brook Street in 1876, shortly after the birth of their only child:
- Hon. Elizabeth Emma Beatrice Grosvenor (1875–1931), who on 1 June 1899 married Aubrey Clare Hugh Smith, RN, who later became an admiral.
Stalbridge married his second wife on 3 April 1879, Eleanor Frances Beatrice (d.1911), younger daughter of Robert Hamilton-Stubber of Moyne, Queens County, by Olivia, daughter of the Rev Edward Lucas. They had five children:
- Hugh Grosvenor, 2nd Baron Stalbridge (1880–1949), twin
- Hon. Blanche Grosvenor (1880–1964), twin, married Lieutenant-Colonel James Holford
- Hon. Gilbert Grosvenor (1881–1939), married Effie E. Cree; no issue
- Captain Hon. Richard Eustace Grosvenor, MC (1883–1915), killed in the First World War
- Hon. Eleanor Lilian Grosvenor (1885–1977), married Major Josceline Grant; mother of Elspeth Huxley
Lady Stalbridge died on 21 March 1911 at 22 Sussex Square, and was buried on 25 March at Motcombe. Lord Stalbridge survived her by about a year and died at his London home in May 1912, aged 75. He was succeeded in the barony by his eldest son, Hugh. His will was probated on July 1912 at £5,863 gross, and £2,849 net.
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
- thepeerage.com Richard de Aquila Grosvenor, 1st Baron Stalbridge
- "Grosvenor, Lord Richard de Aquila; afterwards Baron Stalbridge (GRSR855R)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- "Lord Stalbridge" (Obituaries). The Times (London). Monday, 20 May 1912. (39903), col B, p. 10.
- The London Gazette: . 23 April 1858.
- The London Gazette: . 27 July 1866.
- The London Gazette: . 23 September 1870.
- leighrayment.com House of Commons: Fairfield to Fylde South
- The Complete Peerage, (1907-98) vol. letter S, p.216
- The London Gazette: . 14 April 1882.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Richard Grosvenor
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Flintshire
|Vice-Chamberlain of the Household
The Viscount Barrington
Sir William Hart Dyke, Bt
|Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
The Lord Digby
|Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant of the
Dorsetshire Yeomanry (Queen's Own)
Charles J. T. Hambro
Sir Richard Moon
|Chairman of the London and North Western Railway
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation||Baron Stalbridge