Richard Hill (Pennsylvania politician)

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Richard Hill (c.1652 in England[1] – September 4, 1729, in Philadelphia) was an English merchant seaman who emigrated to the Maryland colony in 1673,[2] moved to Pennsylvania in 1703, and subsequently served four terms as the 8th and 13th mayor of Philadelphia.

Richard Hill was born in England around 1652 and emigrated to the Maryland colony in 1673. From there he roamed the sea until 1703, and was called Captain Richard Hill.

But he happened to be in Philadelphia during the second visit of William Penn, proprietor and founder, to his colony, where he made the proprietor's acquaintance and became his friend. Hill soon settled in Philadelphia as a merchant and was admitted to the Governor's Council of the colony in February 1704, retaining the position up to the time of his death.

In 1707, he was unanimously elected alderman of the city, and in 1709 was chosen mayor, to which office he was three times re-elected.

He was elected to the Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly in 1710 and served in this body continuously until 1721, also serving three times as speaker.

In 1720, as one of the six oldest councilors, he was appointed a master in the court of chancery, just organized, and was also for several years a judge of the Supreme Court of the province. In the quarrels that arose between the assembly and Penn, Hill sided with Penn, and he is recognized as the leader that did most to preserve Quaker and proprietary ascendancy. William Penn made him a trustee under his will.


  1. ^ Smith, John Jay, ed., "Letters of Doctor Richard Hill and his children; or, the history of a family as told by themselves," Philadelphia: T. K. and P. O. Collins, Publishers, 1854, The Internet Archive, Internet website [1], accessed September 19, 2014.
  2. ^ Smith, 1854.
Preceded by
Thomas Masters
Mayor of Philadelphia
Succeeded by
William Carter
Preceded by
George Roch
Mayor of Philadelphia
Succeeded by
Jonathan Dickinson