Richard Hoare

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Sir Richard Hoare.

Sir Richard Hoare (1648 – 6 January 1719)[1] was the founder of C. Hoare & Co, the oldest extant bank in the United Kingdom.

Business career[edit]

Raised near Smithfield Market in London,[2] Richard Hoare began his working life apprenticed to the goldsmith Richard Moore[3] from 9 June 1665 for seven years.[1] He was granted the Freedom of the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths on 5 July 1672.[3] This date marks the foundation of C. Hoare & Co as a goldsmith's business at the sign of the Golden Bottle in Cheapside, London.[3]

Political career[edit]

Hoare, a Tory, stood for election as Sheriff of London in June 1702 but was unsuccessful. He was knighted by Queen Anne in October 1702.[4] He attained the office of alderman in September 1703. At the election of May 1705, he first stood for the constituency of London, but could only manage fifth[5] place as the City Tories were soundly defeated. He also failed in the City election of 1708, finishing seventh[5] as the Whigs once again dominated the poll.[4]

Contesting the mayoral election of September 1710 he unsuccessfully challenged the Whig leader (Sir) Gilbert Heathcote but was appointed Sheriff of London instead and was elected to Parliament in the same year, finishing second in the poll.[5] He finally became Lord Mayor of London in September 1712[6] having also contested the election in 1711.[4] The City election of 1713 saw Hoare returned to Parliament having again finished second[5] but he did not stand in 1715. He subsequently withdrew from public life in 1718 due to ill-health.[4] Hoare died at Hendon on 6 January 1719.[7]


Hoare married Susanna Austen; they had 17 children (one of whom was Henry Hoare I).[8]


  1. ^ a b Victoria Hutchings, "Hoare, Sir Richard (1648–1719)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004, accessed 12 November 2014.
  2. ^ Hutchings, V. (2000), p. 8.
  3. ^ a b c Hutchings, V. (2000), p. 10.
  4. ^ a b c d "HOARE, Sir Richard (1649-1719), of Fleet Street, London, and Hendon, Mdx". History of Parliament. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d "London | History of Parliament Online". Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  6. ^ Hutchings, V. (2000), p. 29.
  7. ^ Hutchings, V. (2000), p. 30.
  8. ^ Hutchings, V. (2000), p. 230.

Further reading[edit]

  • Hoare, Henry Peregrine Rennie (1955) [1932]. Hoare's Bank: A Record 1672–1955.
  • Hutchings, Victoria (2005). Messrs Hoare, Bankers: A History of the Hoare Banking Dynasty. London: Constable. ISBN 1841199656.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir William Withers
Sir William Ashurst
Gilbert Heathcote
John Ward
Member of Parliament of Great Britain
for London (City)

1710 - 1715
Elected with:
Sir William Withers
Sir George Newland
SirJohn Cass
Succeeded by
Robert Heysham
Sir John Ward
Peter Godfrey
Sir Thomas Scawen
Civic offices
Preceded by
Sir Robert Beachcroft
Coat of Arms of The City of London.svg
Lord Mayor of London

Succeeded by
Sir Samuel Stanier