Richard Howell Gleaves

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Lt. Governor Gleaves

Richard Howell Gleaves (1819–1907) was an American politician and the 55th Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina.


He was born free in Philadelphia to a Haitian father and an English mother, and died in Washington, D.C.

In 1866, Gleaves came to Beaufort, South Carolina and went into business with Robert Smalls. Gleaves purchased property in the town, including land on which was later constructed a black fraternal hall that is now known as the Sons of Beaufort Lodge, located at 607 West Street in Beaufort.

In 1872 and 1874, Gleaves was elected the 55th Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina to serve under Governors Franklin J. Moses, Jr. and Daniel H. Chamberlain In 1874, he defeated Martin Delany.

Gleaves was a prominent mason and the Sixth National Grand Master of the Prince Hall National Grand Lodge of North America and Reconstruction-era politician in South Carolina.

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Political offices
Preceded by
Alonzo J. Ransier
Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina
Succeeded by
William Dunlap Simpson