Richard Jackson House
Richard Jackson House
ca. 1909 postcard image
|Location||76 Northwest Street, Portsmouth, New Hampshire|
|Area||approximately 1-acre (4,000 m2)|
|Architectural style||Colonial, Other|
|NRHP Reference #||68000009|
|Added to NRHP||November 24, 1968|
|Designated NHL||November 24, 1968|
The Richard Jackson House is a historic house at 76 Northwest Street in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. Built in 1664 by Richard Jackson, it is the oldest wood-frame house in New Hampshire. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1968. It is now a historic house museum owned by Historic New England, and is open two Saturdays a month between June and October.
Richard Jackson was a woodworker, farmer, and mariner, and built the oldest portion of this house on his family's 25-acre (10 ha) plot, located on an inlet off the Piscataqua River, north of Portsmouth's central business district. Jackson's house resembles English post-medieval prototypes, but is notably American in its extravagant use of wood. The house as first built consisted of a two story structure with two rooms on each floor, flanking a massive central chimney. Not long afterward, a leanto section was added to the rear (north side) of the house, which slopes nearly to the ground. Further single-story additions were made to the gable ends of the house, probably c. 1764.
The founder of the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities (SPNEA, now Historic New England), William Sumner Appleton, acquired the house for SPNEA in 1924 from a member of the seventh generation of Jacksons to live there. Appleton undertook a restoration of the property, removing 19th century modifications, and providing the building with leaded diamond-pane windows of a type that it would have had in the 17th century.
- Oldest buildings in America
- List of National Historic Landmarks in New Hampshire
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Rockingham County, New Hampshire
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Richard Jackson House.|
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Richard Jackson House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-10-17.
- James Dillon (March 11, 1975). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Richard Jackson House" (pdf). National Park Service. and Accompanying 5 photos, exterior, from 1967 (3.24 MB)