Richard James Morrison
The son of Richard Caleb Morrison, Morrison joined the Royal Navy in 1806 serving as a first class volunteer until 1810, master's mate until 1815 and resigned due to ill-health with the rank of lieutenant in 1829. He then devoted himself to the study of astrology which he termed as astro-meteorology. He became a member of the Meteorological Society's Council in 1840.
Morrison in 1831 issued The Herald of Astrology, subsequently known as Zadkiel's Almanac. In this annual pamphlet, he published predictions of the chief events of the coming year. Morrison wrote with the signature Zadkiel Tao-Sze. Morrison wrote such articles as The New Principia, or true system of astronomy, in which the Earth is proved to be the stationary centre of the Solar System (1868) which made him a charlatan in the eyes of scientists. In 1863 he won a libel suite against Admiral Sir Edward Belcher who wrote in the Daily Telegraph that Morrison was "the crystal globe seer who gulled many of our nobility about the year 1852". He was awarded twenty shillings (one pound) damages, but was deprived of his costs. The Athenaeum (16 May 1874, p. 666) noted that Morrison was “the restorer and Grand Master in this country of Tao-Sze, a secret society intended to be of immense power, and to outshine the Free- masons, but which, most probably, by his death, is reduced to two members, and inanition”.
His works include:
- Handbook of Astrology
- Introduction to Astrology (1835) -- a re-edition of William Lilly's Christian Astrology.
- The Horoscope
- The Grammar of Astrology
- Astronomy in a Nutshell.
- Wilkins, G. A.; Wilson, C. M. W. (1997). "The contributions of Norman and James Lockyer to meteorology". Weather. 52 (9): 276–282. doi:10.1002/j.1477-8696.1997.tb06324.x.
- Walker, J. M. (1994). "Pen portraits of Presidents of the Meteorological Societies of London - Lieutenant R. J. Morrison, RN". Weather. 49 (2): 71–72. doi:10.1002/j.1477-8696.1994.tb05977.x.
- public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Morrison, Richard James". Encyclopædia Britannica. 18 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 873. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the
- Comparison of methodology and accuracy of Zadkiel and the Met Office in the 19th century
- Article placing Zadkiel in context of his time
- O'Byrne, William Richard (1849). John Murray – via Wikisource. . .