Richard Jewell

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Richard Jewell
Jewellrichardcap.jpg
Born
Richard White[1]

(1962-12-17)December 17, 1962
DiedAugust 29, 2007(2007-08-29) (aged 44)
Other namesRichard Allensworth Jewell
OccupationSecurity guard and police officer
Known forFalsely suspected of committing the Centennial Olympic Park bombing during the 1996 Summer Olympic Games in Atlanta, Georgia

Richard Allensworth Jewell (born Richard White;[1] December 17, 1962 – August 29, 2007) was an American security guard and police officer who was falsely suspected as the perpetrator of the Centennial Olympic Park bombing at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia.

The media circus surrounding the investigation, which was leaked to the press, has been widely cited as an example of law enforcement and media excesses.[2]

While working as a security guard at the Olympics Park, he discovered a backpack containing three pipe bombs on the park grounds.[1] Jewell alerted police and helped evacuate the area before the bomb exploded, saving many people from injury or death. Initially hailed by the media as a hero, Jewell was soon considered a suspect by the FBI and local law enforcement.

Though never charged, he underwent a "trial by media", which took a toll on his personal and professional life. Jewell was cleared as a suspect after 88 days of public scrutiny.[3] Eric Rudolph eventually confessed and pleaded guilty to that bombing and other attacks.[4][5]

In 2019, he was the subject of a film, Richard Jewell, directed by Clint Eastwood.

Early life[edit]

Jewell was born Richard White in Danville, Virginia, the son of Bobi, an insurance claims coordinator, and Robert Earl White, who worked for Chevrolet.[1] Richard's birth-parents divorced when he was four. When his mother later married John Jewell, an insurance executive, his stepfather adopted him.[1]

Olympic bombing accusation[edit]

Centennial Olympic Park was designed as the "town square" of the Olympics, and thousands of spectators had gathered for a late concert and merrymaking. Sometime after midnight, July 27, 1996, Eric Robert Rudolph, a terrorist who would later bomb a lesbian nightclub and two abortion clinics, planted a green backpack containing a fragmentation-laden pipe bomb under a bench. Jewell was working as a security guard for the event. He discovered the bag and alerted Georgia Bureau of Investigation officers. This discovery was nine minutes before Rudolph called 9-1-1 to deliver a warning. During a Jack Mack and the Heart Attack performance, Jewell and other security guards began clearing the immediate area so that a bomb squad could investigate the suspicious package. The bomb exploded 13 minutes later, killing Alice Hawthorne and injuring over one hundred others. A cameraman also died of a heart attack while running to cover the incident.[citation needed]

Investigation and the media coverage[edit]

Early news reports lauded Jewell as a hero for helping to evacuate the area after he spotted the suspicious package. Three days later, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution revealed that the FBI was treating him as a possible suspect, based largely on a "lone bomber" criminal profile. For the next several weeks, the news media focused aggressively on him as the presumed culprit, labeling him with the ambiguous term "person of interest", sifting through his life to match a leaked "lone bomber" profile that the FBI had used. The media, to varying degrees, portrayed Jewell as a failed law enforcement officer who may have planted the bomb so he could "find" it and be a hero.[6]

The New York Times reported in October 1996, when he was cleared as a suspect, that "a number of law-enforcement officials have said privately for months that they thought Mr. Jewell had been involved in the bombing, even though there was no evidence against him and some evidence seemed to rule him out."[7]

Jewell was never officially charged, but the FBI thoroughly and publicly searched his home twice, questioned his associates, investigated his background, and maintained 24-hour surveillance of him. The pressure began to ease only after Jewell's attorneys hired an ex-FBI agent to administer a polygraph, which Jewell passed.[6]

A Justice Department investigation of the FBI's conduct found the FBI had tried to manipulate Jewell into waiving his constitutional rights by telling him he was taking part in a training film about bomb detection, although the report concluded "no intentional violation of Mr. Jewell's civil rights and no criminal misconduct" had taken place.[8][3][9]

Exoneration[edit]

On October 26, 1996, the US Attorney in Atlanta, Kent Alexander, sent Jewell a letter saying "based on the evidence developed to date ... Richard Jewell is not considered a target of the federal criminal investigation into the bombing on July 27, 1996, at Centennial Olympic Park in Atlanta". The letter did not include an apology, but in a separate statement issued by Alexander said the U.S. Justice Department regretted the leaking of the investigation.[10][7]

The separately issued statement said the Jewells '"endured highly unusual and intense publicity that was neither designed nor desired by the F.B.I., and in fact interfered with the investigation, and that "The public should bear in mind that Richard Jewell has at no time been charged with any crime in connection with the bombing, and the property that was seized pursuant to court-authorized search warrants has been returned." The New York Times reported that the statement was "highly unusual" because "it was a tacit admission by Federal officials that they had been wrong in their suspicion of Mr. Jewell."[7]

At a press conference in July 1997, U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno expressed personal regret over the leak that led to intense scrutiny of Jewell. She said, "I'm very sorry it happened. I think we owe him an apology. I regret the leak."[11]

In 1998, Eric Rudolph, a white supremacist, was named as a suspect in the Centennial Park bombing and the bombings of abortion clinics. He was arrested 2003 after a lengthy manhunt.[12]

In April 2005, Rudolph agreed to plead guilty to the Centennial Park bombing and other attacks on an abortion clinic and a lesbian nightclub, as part of a plea bargain to avoid the death penalty.[13]

Just over a year later, Georgia Governor Sonny Perdue honored Jewell for his rescue efforts during the attack, and publicly thanked him for saving people's lives. Perdue said Jewell "deserves to be remembered as a hero."[14][15].[2]

Subsequent career and public appearances[edit]

Jewell worked in various law enforcement jobs, including as a police officer in Pendergrass, Georgia. He worked as a deputy sheriff in Meriwether County, Georgia until his death. He also gave speeches at colleges.[6]

On July 30, 1997, Jewell testified before a subcommittee of the U.S. House of Representatives in which he called for an independent investigation into methods used by FBI agents during their investigation of him.[3]

He appeared in Michael Moore's 1997 film, The Big One. He had a cameo in the September 27, 1997 episode of Saturday Night Live, in which he jokingly fended off suggestions that he was responsible for the deaths of Mother Teresa and Princess Diana.[16]

In 2001, Jewell was honored as the Grand Marshal of Carmel, Indiana's Independence Day Parade. Jewell was chosen in keeping with the parade's theme of "Unsung Heroes".[17]

On each anniversary of the bombing until his illness and eventual death, he would privately place a rose at the Centennial Olympic Park scene where spectator Alice Hawthorne died.[18]

Libel cases[edit]

After he was dropped as a suspect, Jewell filed libel suits against The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, CNN, The New York Post and Piedmont College.

Jewell sued the Atlanta Journal-Constitution because, according to Jewell, the paper's headline ("FBI suspects 'hero' guard may have planted bomb") "pretty much started the whirlwind".[19] In one article, the Atlanta Journal compared Richard Jewell's case to that of serial killer Wayne Williams.[20][21]

The newspaper was the only defendant that did not settle with Jewell. The lawsuit remained pending for several years, having been considered at one time by the Supreme Court of Georgia, and had become an important part of case law regarding whether journalists could be forced to reveal their sources. Jewell's estate continued to press the case even after his death in 2007, but in July 2011 the Georgia Court of Appeals ruled for the defendant. The Court concluded that "because the articles in their entirety were substantially true at the time they were published—even though the investigators' suspicions were ultimately deemed unfounded—they cannot form the basis of a defamation action."[22]

Although CNN settled Jewell's libel suit for an undisclosed monetary amount, CNN maintained that its coverage had been "fair and accurate".[23]

Jewell sued NBC News for this statement made by Tom Brokaw, "The speculation is that the FBI is close to making the case. They probably have enough to arrest him right now, probably enough to prosecute him, but you always want to have enough to convict him as well. There are still some holes in this case."[20] Even though NBC stood by its story, the network agreed to pay Jewell $500,000.[24]

On July 23, 1997, Jewell sued the New York Post for $15 million in damages, contending that the paper portrayed him in articles, photographs and an editorial cartoon as an "aberrant" person with a "bizarre employment history" who was probably guilty of the bombing.[25] He eventually settled with the newspaper for an undisclosed amount.[26]

Jewell filed suit against his former employer Piedmont College, Piedmont College President Raymond Cleere and college spokesman Scott Rawles.[24] Jewell's attorneys contended that Cleere called the FBI and spoke to the Atlanta newspapers, providing them with false information on Jewell and his employment there as a security guard. Jewell's lawsuit accused Cleere of describing Jewell as a "badge-wearing zealot" who "would write epic police reports for minor infractions".[27] The college settled for an undisclosed amount.[28]

In 2006, Jewell said the lawsuits were not about money, and that the vast majority of the settlements went to lawyers or taxes. He said the lawsuits were about clearing his name.[6]

Media portrayals[edit]

Richard Jewell, a biographical drama film, was released in the United States on December 13, 2019.[29] The film was directed and produced by Clint Eastwood. It was written by Billy Ray, based on the 1997 article "American Nightmare: The Ballad of Richard Jewell," by Marie Brenner, and the book The Suspect: An Olympic Bombing, the FBI, the Media, and Richard Jewell, the Man Caught in the Middle (2019) by Kent Alexander and Kevin Salwen.[30][31][32][33][34] Jewell is played by Paul Walter Hauser.

The second season of the cable TV show Manhunt focused on Jewell, who is portrayed by Cameron Britton.

Death[edit]

Jewell died on August 29, 2007, at the age of 44. He was suffering from serious medical problems that were related to his diabetes.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "American Nightmare: The Ballad of Rick Jewell". Vanity Fair. February 1, 1997. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c Sack, Kevin (August 30, 2007). "Richard Jewell, 44, Hero of Atlanta Attack, Dies". New York Times. Richard A. Jewell, whose transformation from heroic security guard to Olympic bombing suspect and back again came to symbolize the excesses of law enforcement and the news media, died Wednesday at his home in Woodbury, Georgia. The cause of death was not released, pending the results of an autopsy that to be performed by the Georgia Bureau of Investigation. But the coroner in Meriwether County said Jewell died of natural causes and that he had battled serious medical problems since learning that he had diabetes in February.
  3. ^ a b c "Jewell wants probe of FBI investigation". CNN. July 30, 1997.
  4. ^ "Anthrax Investigation (online chat with Marilyn Thompson, Assistant Managing Editor, Investigative)". The Washington Post. July 3, 2003.
  5. ^ National Journal Global Security Newswire (August 13, 2002). "Anthrax: FBI Denies Smearing Former US Army Biologist". Archived from the original on April 19, 2005. Retrieved September 28, 2006.
  6. ^ a b c d Weber, Harry R. (August 30, 2007). "Former Olympic Park Guard Jewell Dies". Associated Press in The Washington Post. Security guard Richard Jewell was initially hailed as a hero for spotting a suspicious backpack and moving people out of harm's way just before a bomb exploded, killing one and injuring 111 others. But within days, he was named as a suspect in the blast.
  7. ^ a b c Sack, Kevin (October 27, 1996). "Prosecutors Declare Guard Isn't Suspect In Atlanta Bombing". The New York Times. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
  8. ^ Sack, Kevin (April 9, 1997). "U.S. Says F.B.I. Erred in Using Deception in Olympic Bomb Inquiry". The New York Times.
  9. ^ "The Activities of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (Part III)". House of Representatives, Subcommittee on Crime, Committee on the Judiciary. July 30, 1997.
  10. ^ "Jewell cleared of Olympic park bombing". CNN. October 26, 1996.
  11. ^ "Reno to Jewell: 'I regret the leak'". CNN. July 31, 1997.
  12. ^ Gettleman, Jeffrey; Halbfinger, David M. (June 1, 2003). "Suspect in '96 Olympic Bombing And 3 Other Attacks Is Caught". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
  13. ^ "Rudolph agrees to plea agreement". www.cnn.com. April 12, 2005. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
  14. ^ "Jewell Finally Honored As A Hero | wgrz.com". Gannett via WGRZ. August 2, 2006. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
  15. ^ Perdue, Sonny (August 1, 2006). "Governor Perdue Commends Richard Jewell". Office of the Governor of the State of Georgia. The bottom line is this – Richard Jewell's actions saved lives that day. He deserves to be remembered as a hero," said Governor Sonny Perdue. "As we look back on the success of the Olympics games and all they did to transform Atlanta, I encourage Georgians to remember the lives that were spared as a result of Richard Jewell's actions."
  16. ^ "Saturday Night Live: Weekend Update Segment - Richard Jewell". NBC.
  17. ^ "Carmelfest filled with fun for everyone" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 17, 2005. (423 KB)
  18. ^ Weber, Harry R. (September 4, 2007). "Former security guard Richard Jewell memorialized a hero". PoliceOne.com. The Associated Press.
  19. ^ "60 Minutes II: Falsely Accused". 60 Minutes II. CBS Worldwide. June 26, 2002. Retrieved August 2, 2006.
  20. ^ a b Ostrow, Ronald J. (June 13, 2000). "Richard Jewell Case Study". Columbia University.
  21. ^ Fennessy, Steve (August 1, 2001). "The wheels of justice - After five years, Richard Jewell v. AJC a long way from over". Creative Loafing.
  22. ^ Bryant v. Cox Enterprises, Inc., 311 Ga. App. 230 (Ga. Ct. App. 2011).
  23. ^ Fox, James Alan (September 17, 2009). "Commentary: Don't name 'person of interest' - CNN". CNN.
  24. ^ a b "Jewell sues newspapers, former employer for libel". CNN. January 28, 1997.
  25. ^ Jones, Dow (July 24, 1997). "Richard Jewell Files Suit Against The Post". The New York Times.
  26. ^ Weber, Harry (August 30, 2007). "Former Olympic Park guard Jewell dies". USA Today. Retrieved April 18, 2013.
  27. ^ "Ex-Suspect in Bombing Sues Newspapers, College; Jewell's Libel Claim Seeks Unspecified Damages". Washington Post. January 29, 1997. Archived from the original on October 20, 2012. Retrieved July 16, 2008.
  28. ^ "Jewell settles with college". Lakeland Ledger. August 27, 1997. Retrieved May 5, 2010.
  29. ^ Ramos, Dino-Ray (October 8, 2019). "Clint Eastwood's 'Richard Jewell' To Make World Premiere At AFI Fest". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
  30. ^ Climek, Chris. "Review: 'Richard Jewell' Clears One Name While Smearing Another". NPR. Retrieved December 13, 2019.
  31. ^ Brenner, Marie (February 1997). "American Nightmare: The Ballad of Richard Jewell". Retrieved December 6, 2019.
  32. ^ Kent Alexander and Kevin Salwen (2019). The Suspect: An Olympic Bombing, the FBI, the Media, and Richard Jewell, the Man Caught in the Middle, Abrams, ISBN 1683355245.
  33. ^ "Stop defending an irresponsible movie and start apologising | Benjamin Lee | Film". The Guardian. December 13, 2019. Retrieved December 14, 2019.
  34. ^ Marc Tracy. "Clint Eastwood's 'Richard Jewell' Is at the Center of a Media Storm". The New York Times. Retrieved December 14, 2019.

Further reading[edit]

  • Kent Alexander; Kevin Salwen (2019). Suspect: An Olympic Bombing, the FBI, the Media, and Richard Jewell, the Man Caught in the Middle. Harry N. Abrams. ISBN 978-1419734625.

External links[edit]