Richard Kidder Meade (colonel)

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Richard Kidder Meade (July 11, 1746 – February 9, 1805) was an American army officer from Nansemond County, Virginia.[1] He served as an aide-de-camp to General George Washington during the American Revolutionary War.

Biography[edit]

He was a son of David Meade (1700-1787),[2] who married Susannah Everard, a daughter of Sir Richard Everard, 4th Baronet, the last Governor of North Carolina under proprietary rule.[3] His great-great-grandfather was Richard Kidder, a noted theologian who was the Bishop of Bath and Wells.[4]

Meade and two of his brothers were educated at Harrow, one of the oldest and most respected schools in England.[5]

In October 1775, Meade was commissioned captain of the 2nd Virginia Regiment.[3] He led a company at the Battle of Great Bridge near Chesapeake, Virginia, arguably the first Revolutionary War battle in the state of Virginia.[1] In March 1777, General Washington appointed him one of his aides-de-camps, with the rank of lieutenant colonel. Meade was frequently used to deliver important dispatches and orders.[3] Alexander Hamilton did the "head work" for Washington while he did the riding. He was with Washington during all of the major battles between 1777 and 1780, and supervised the execution of Major John Andre.[1] In November 1780, he left Washington's staff to get married for the second time.[3] While in Virginia he aided General von Steuben in repelling an attack of British forces under Benedict Arnold.

Meade's first wife was Elizabeth Randolph, a daughter of Richard Randolph, but none of their children survived her.[5] On December 10, 1780, he married his second wife, Mary Grymes Randolph,[5] the widow of William Randolph of Chatsworth, Virginia.[6] They had 4 daughters and 4 sons, including William Meade, who became the third Episcopal Bishop of Virginia.[7] He bought a large tract of land in White Post, Virginia in the 1780s, and expanded an existing log cabin into "Meadea."[8] About 1791, he built the nearby brick house "Lucky Hit."[9] Both are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[10]

He died in 1805 apparently from the effects of gout and years of military life.[3]

Richard Kidder Meade, Jr. (1803-1862), a U.S. Representative from Virginia, was the son of a cousin of the same name, Richard Kidder Meade (1775-1832).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Col Richard Kidder Meade". Retrieved 2014-04-13.
  2. ^ "Richard Kidder Meade". Retrieved 2014-04-13.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Lt Col Richard Kidder Meade". Retrieved 2014-04-13.
  4. ^ New England Historic Genealogical Society (1885). Memorial Biographies, 1845-1871: 1860-1862. Boston: Ten-Digit Press.
  5. ^ a b c Slaughter, Philip, Memoir of the Life of the Rt. Rev. William Meade, (Cambridge:John Wilson and Son, 1885).[1]
  6. ^ "RANDOLPH-L Archives". Retrieved 2014-04-13.
  7. ^ "Biography of Richard K. Meade: Prominent Persons in Virginia, Biographies". Retrieved 2014-04-13.
  8. ^ Whitney Miller (May 1992). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Meadea" (PDF). Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission. and Accompanying photo
  9. ^ Kimberley Hart (February 3, 1993). "National Register of Historic Places Nomination: Lucky Hit" (pdf). National Park Service.
  10. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.

See also[edit]