Richard Long (artist)

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Richard Long
Richard Long - Kleve 31 april 2013 PM.jpg
Richard Long (2013)
Born (1945-06-02) June 2, 1945 (age 70)
Bristol, England
Education Saint Martin's School of Art
Known for Sculpture
Movement Land Art
Awards Turner Prize (1989)

Richard Long RA CBE (born 2 June 1945) is an English sculptor and one of the best known British land artists.

Long is the only artist to have been short-listed four times for the Turner Prize. He was nominated in 1984, 1987 and 1988, and then won the award in 1989 for White Water Line.[1] He currently lives and works in Bristol.[2]

Early life and education[edit]

Long was born in Bristol, in south-west England. Between 1962 and 1965 he studied at the West of England College of Art, and then, from 1966 to 1968, at Saint Martin's School of Art in London,[3] where he studied under Anthony Caro and Phillip King and became closely associated with fellow student Hamish Fulton.[2]


Several of his works were based around walks that he has made, and as well as land based natural sculpture, he uses the mediums of photography, text and maps of the landscape he has walked over.

In his work, often cited as a response to the environments he walked in, the landscape would be deliberately changed in some way, as in A Line Made by Walking (1967), and sometimes sculptures were made in the landscape from rocks or similar found materials and then photographed. Other pieces consist of photographs or maps of unaltered landscapes accompanied by texts detailing the location and time of the walk it indicates.

His piece Delabole Slate Circle, acquired from the Tate Modern in 1997, is a central piece in Bristol's main Museum and Art Gallery.

South Bank Circle by Richard Long, Tate Liverpool, England. (1991)
Small White Pebble Circles, Tate Modern, London (1987)
White Water Falls, Garvan Institute, Sydney (2012)

At Houghton Hall in Norfolk, the Marquess of Cholmondeley commissioned a sculpture to the east of the house. Long's land art there consists of a circle of Cornish slate at the end of a path mown through the grass.[4]

Permanent installations include Riverlines (2006) at the Hearst Tower (at about 35 x 50 feet (11 x 15 meters) this was at the time the biggest wall work he had ever made);[5] Planet Circle (1991) at the Museum De Pont in Tilburg, Netherlands;[6] in the Hallen für Neue Kunst Schaffhausen, Switzerland; and White Water Falls (2012) in the Garvan Institute in Sydney, Australia.[7]

In 2009, a retrospective of Long’s work entitled "Heaven and Earth," appeared at the Tate Britain.[8]


  • 2012 South America. Zédélé éditions, Brest, France. First edition: 1972, Konrad Fischer, Düsseldorf.

Selected honours and awards[edit]

  • 1976 Represented Britain in the British Pavilion at the Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy
  • 1989 Turner Prize, Tate Gallery, London, UK
  • 1990 Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, French Ministry of Culture, Paris, France
  • 2001 Elected to the Royal Academy of Arts
  • 2009 Awarded the Praemium Imperiale for sculpture from Japan

Long was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2013 New Year Honours for services to art.[9][10]

Art market[edit]

Long's Whitechapel Slate Circle (1981) brought a record price for the artist in 1989 when it sold for $209,000 at Sotheby's in New York. At another auction in 1992, the piece was estimated far more modestly at $120,000 to $160,000, but bidding never exceeded $110,000;[11] instead, the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. purchased it in 1994 through dealer Anthony d'Offay.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Turner Prize History – Richard Long
  2. ^ a b Richard Long Guggenheim Collection.
  3. ^ Richard Long Official Website
  4. ^ Donald, Caroline. "The new garden at Houghton Hall, King’s Lynn, Norfolk," The Times (London), 11 May 2008.
  5. ^ Richard Long newsletter No. 50 – 7 September 2006.
  6. ^ Museum De Pont, Netherlands: Planet Circle (1991)
  7. ^ Keniger, Michael. "The Kinghorn Cancer Centre". Magazine Article. Architecture AU. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  8. ^ Cashdan, Marina. "Richard Long." Modern Painters, November 2009.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 60367. p. 8. 29 December 2012.
  10. ^ "Bristol artist Richard Long among Queen's New Year Honours". BBC. 29 December 2012. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  11. ^ Carol Vogel (18 November 1992), A Night to Buy Low at Sotheby's New York Times.


External links[edit]