Richard Master

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Richard Masters
President of the Royal College of Physicians
In office
Personal details
Died 1588
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Fulnetby
Alma mater

All Souls' College

University of Oxford
Profession physician

Dr. Richard Masters was a leading 16th-century English physician and personal doctor of Queen Elizabeth.

Early life[edit]

Masters was the son of Robert Masters. He became a fellow at All Souls' College in Oxford, eventually graduating with a B.A. in 1533 and an M.A. in 1537.[1] He was a personal acquaintance of Rudolph Walther and in 1539 accepted a benefice from the Church of England, however, he forfeited it believing he was not a good clergyman.[1]

Medical career[edit]

Richard enrolled at the University of Oxford to study medicine, and by 1545 was an admitted M.B. and granted a licence to practise medicine.[1] In 1553 he became a fellow at the College of Physicians and served as a censor between 1556 and 1558 and in 1560. In 1561 he served as President of the college, and as consiliarius in 1564 and 1583.[1]

Queen Elizabeth[edit]

In 1559, Masters was granted a patent of £100 annually to serve as the personal physician to Queen Elizabeth.[1]

Prebendary of York[edit]

In 1562, he was made Prebendary of York, and in 1565 issued a royal patent for his family and heirs from the Queen receiving the Cirencester Abbey.[1][2]

Marriage and family[edit]

Richard married Elizabeth, daughter of John Fulnetby, Esq. and had seven sons, including:[1]

  • George, M.P. for Cirencester in 1586, 1588
  • Thomas, Archdeacon of Salop
  • Robert, Chancellor of Rochester and Lichfield; M.P. for Crickdale in 1601
  • Henry, Principal of Alban Hall

Richard died in 1588.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1894). "Master, Richard". Dictionary of National Biography. 37. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 22. 
  2. ^ "Chester-Master Family", National Archives of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 24 January 2010.