Richard Meagher

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Richard Denis Meagher
47th Lord Mayor of Sydney
In office
1916–1917
Preceded by Richard Watkins Richards
Succeeded by James Joynton Smith
Personal details
Born (1866-01-11)11 January 1866
Bathurst, Australia
Died 17 September 1931(1931-09-17) (aged 65)
Nationality Australian
Political party Australian Labor Party

Richard Denis Meagher MLA (11 January 1866 – 17 September 1931) was an Australian solicitor and was the first Labor Lord Mayor of Sydney, serving from 1916 to 1917.

Early life[edit]

Meagher was born in Bathurst, New South Wales and educated at St Stanislaus' College, Bathurst and St Aloysius College, Sydney. He became an articled clerk to the solicitor to J. A. B. Cahill in 1883 and Paddy Crick in 1887. In January 1891, he married Alice Maude Osmond. He became Crick's partner in 1892 and mainly practiced in the police court. Meagher unsuccessfully defended George Dean of murder, but persuaded two out of three royal commissioners in a subsequent inquiry to find that the conviction was unsafe and, as a result, Dean was pardoned.[1]

Political career[edit]

On the strength of Meagher's defence of Dean, he was elected as the member for Sydney-Phillip in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly in July 1895. However, on 18 July, Meagher had boasted to Julian Salomons that he had tricked Dean into admitting his guilt. Although Dean's confession to his lawyer was a matter of solicitor-client privilege, Salomons found himself compelled to pass on this information to the Attorney General, John Want. Rumors of Dean's confession began to circulate and in September, Want was questioned on it, but declined to comment. On 24 September, Dean petitioned Parliament to clear his name and next day Want read Salomons' account of Meagher's conversation to the House.

Although Meagher had vigorously denied the conversation in the House, Smith admitted giving Dean arsenic. As a result, Dean, Meagher, Crick, Meagher's assistant, Daniel Green, and a witness, Jane Reynolds, were charged with conspiring to pervert the course of justice. On 8 October, Meagher confessed and resigned from Parliament, saying "I am determined to endure mental torture no longer, nor to stifle the voice of truth … This awful lesson of my life I will endeavour to atone for in another clime".[1] Nevertheless, he spent the rest of his life in Sydney. Meagher was found guilty of conspiracy, but this conviction was quashed on appeal.[2] He was struck off the roll of solicitors soon after, and supported himself from lectures and as a land agent.

Meagher was elected to represent the Tweed as a Protectionist in 1898 and in September gained new fame by horsewhipping John Norton in Pitt Street for calling Meagher in the Truth "Mendax Meagher" and the "premier perjurer of our public life and the champion criminal of the continent", causing Norton to attempt to shoot him. Meagher was fined £5 for assault.[3] He held the Tweed until its abolition in 1904 and was an alderman on Sydney Municipal Council from 1901 to 1920 and was the first Labor Mayor of Sydney. From 1907 to 1917 he returned to parliament as the member for Phillip and was Speaker from 1913 to 1917.[4] He joined the Australian Labor Party in 1909 and was its vice-president in 1913 and 1915 to 1916 and president from 1914 to 1915. He was expelled from the party for supporting conscription in 1916. He was defeated as an independent labor candidate in 1917, but Premier William Holman appointed him to the New South Wales Legislative Council in May 1917.

Meagher failed to be readmitted as a solicitor in 1900, 1902 and 1904, but succeeded in 1909. Nevertheless, the Law Institute appealed to the Australian High Court successfully against his readmission. He applied to be admitted again unsuccessfully in 1917 and 1919, and failed to gain leave for an appeal to the High Court in March 1920. In February, Meagher resigned from the Legislative Council to run unsuccessfully for the five-member seat of Sydney. Later that year, parliament passed a bill to reinstate Meagher as a solicitor.

Meagher's wife died in 1924. Richard Meagher died of nephritis in Lewisham Hospital in 1931 aged 65.[5] Meagher was buried on 19 September 1931 at Waverley Cemetery[1][6]

Honours[edit]

Meagher was appointed a papal knight of the Order of St Gregory in 1928.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Nairn, Bede. "Meagher, Richard Denis (Dick) (1866 - 1931)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 2007-06-05. 
  2. ^ Pearl, pp101-108
  3. ^ Pearl, pp130-3
  4. ^ "Mr Richard Denis Meagher (1866 - 1931)". Members of Parliament. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 2007-06-05. 
  5. ^ Sydney Morning Herald . Death Notice. Richard Denis Meagher. (page 8)
  6. ^ Sydney Morning Herald. Funeral Notice. Richard Denis Meagher. (page 7)
Parliament of New South Wales
Preceded by
Robert Fowler
Member for Sydney-Phillip
1895
Succeeded by
Henry Copeland
Preceded by
Joseph Kelly
Member for Tweed
1898 – 1904
District abolished
Preceded by
Phillip Sullivan
Member for Phillip
1907 – 1917
Succeeded by
John Doyle
Preceded by
Henry Morton
Speaker of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly
1913 – 1917
Succeeded by
John Jacob Cohen
Civic offices
Preceded by
Richard Watkins Richards
Lord Mayor of Sydney
1916 – 1917
Succeeded by
James Joynton Smith