Richard N. Aslin
|Richard N. Aslin|
August 9, 1949 |
|Institutions||University of Rochester|
|Alma mater||Michigan State University, University of Minnesota|
Richard N. Aslin (born August 9, 1949) is an American psychologist. He is William R. Kenan Professor of Brain & Cognitive Sciences and Center for Visual Sciences[disambiguation needed] at the University of Rochester. He is also Director of the Rochester Center for Brain Imaging and the Rochester Baby Lab. His research covers many areas, but the bulk of his research concerns statistical learning, visual perception, speech perception, language development, and visual development. A great deal of his work focuses on understanding how higher-level cognitive representations and structures are constructed from lower-level sensory input statistics, including how acoustic variation in speech to infants yields phonologically distinct speech sound categories in adults.
Aslin received his Ph.D in Child Psychology from the University of Minnesota in 1975 at the Institute of Child Development. His advisor was Philip Salapatek. He was a faculty member in the Department of Psychology at the Indiana University and a visiting researcher at the University of Washington and the University of Minnesota before joining the faculty at the University of Rochester. He is also the current President-elect of the International Society for Infant Studies.
He has a wife and two sons. His son Tim is an actor.
Aslin studies infant perception and language development using eye tracking and neuroimaging methods. Some of his early work concerned how infants learn the speech categories of their native language based on the noisy input of speech around them. He also studied how this process of forming speech categories interacts with word learning in young pre-verbal infants. Later work, with collaborators Jenny Saffran and Elissa L. Newport addressed how infants segment words from continuous speech by tracking the co-occurrence statistics of the syllables. This research yielded many publications that are considered classics in the statistical learning literature, including a 1996 Science article, "Statistical Learning in 8-Month-Old Infants". Some of his recent work has extended original findings about infants' ability to track environmental statistics in speech to the visual world. Recently he has studied how infants use statistics of the visual world in order to infer properties about the structure of objects in the world. He has also recently conducted research investigating how infants allocate their attention in the visual world.
Aslin has been recognized by a number of organizations for the impact of his theoretical and empirical contributions to the fields of cognitive science and developmental psychology. He was awarded an Honorary Doctorate at Uppsala University in 2010, the Robert and Pamela Goergen Award for Distinguished Contributions to Undergraduate Learning in 2001, and a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1988. He also received numerous early career development awards, including ones from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the National Institute of Mental Health, the American Psychological Association, and the National Science Foundation. He was named a fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. In 2006, he was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and in 2014, he was inducted into the National Academy of SciencesAslin's research has been supported by grants from the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, the Office of Naval Research, the McDonnell Foundation, and the Packard Foundation.
- "Neurotree - Richard N Aslin Details". 2006-11-08. Retrieved 2010-09-07.
- "Curriculum Vitae - Richard N. Aslin" (PDF). 2010-01-01. Retrieved 2010-09-07.
- "Neurotree - Richard N Aslin Family Tree". 2006-11-08. Retrieved 2010-09-07.
- "International Society for Infant Studies". Retrieved 2010-09-07.
- "Tim Aslin - Biography". Retrieved 2010-09-07.
- "Statistical Learning in 8-Month-Old Infants". Science. 1996-12-13. Retrieved 2010-09-07.
- "Unsupervised statistical learning of higher-order spatial structures from visual scenes". Psychological Science. 2001-11-01. CiteSeerX: 10
.1 .1 .84 .3046.
- "Cognitive Science Society : Annual Conference : Awards of the Cognitive Science Conference". Retrieved 2010-09-07.
- "Richard Aslin Awarded Honorary Doctorate of Social Sciences at Swedish University". Rochester.edu. 2010-01-22. Retrieved 2010-09-07.
- "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter A" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- "Richard Aslin Inducted into the National Academy of Sciences". Rochester.edu. May 21, 2014.