Richard Noland

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Richard Noland (fl. 1717-1724, last name occasionally Holland or Nowland) was an Irish pirate active in the Caribbean. He was best known for sailing with Samuel Bellamy before working for the Spanish.

History[edit]

Elected captain of Benjamin Hornigold’s ship after the crew deposed him for refusing to attack the English, Samuel Bellamy took a number of vessels including the slave ship Whydah. Bellamy chose it as his flagship, and after capturing three more ships in April 1717, appointed his quartermaster Richard Noland as captain of the prize Anne Galley[1]; Bellamy's former quartermaster Paulsgrave Williams has earlier received a consort ship of his own to command, the Marianne. Bellamy was caught in a storm off Cape Cod; he and the Whydah were lost at sea, while Noland and the others split up and departed.[2]

Noland, who had originally been part of Hornigold’s crew during the War of Spanish Succession, had taken aboard all of Bellamy’s men who still wanted to continue piracy. He turned the Anne Galley south, looting a number of vessels on his way to the Caribbean.[2] He may have transferred from the Anne to a captured sloop after Bellamy failed to rendezvous with them off Maine.[3] He took the King’s Pardon offered by Woodes Rogers in 1717, along with Hornigold, Williams, and hundreds of others. He then acted as recruiter for Hornigold on Nassau[4] While working on Nassau he was approached by surgeon John Howell, who begged for protection from pirate Jean Bonadvis who wanted to force him into his service. Noland helped Howell escape and signed him aboard Hornigold's ship for protection, where Howell had been serving until recently.[5] Afterwards Noland was reported to have retired to lead a respectable life, and testified on behalf of other pirates seeking pardon.[2]

However, by 1718 he had signed on with the Spanish.[4] He served with them during the War of the Quadruple Alliance, sailing to the Mediterranean for the Battle of Cape Passaro. Much of the Spanish fleet was captured, but Noland escaped along with fellow Irishman Admiral George Cammock.[6] Afterwards he returned to the Caribbean as a guarda costa privateer, captaining a ship alongside a Spaniard, Don Benito, with a mixed crew.[7] When the War of the Quadruple Alliance ended in early 1720, English and Spanish officials agreed to return ships captured by each other's privateers; the Spanish at St. Augustine agreed to make restitution "for four prizes brought in by Capt. Richd. Holland, which are the only that were taken."[8] Benito and Noland were still recorded as capturing English vessels through 1724.[9]

See Also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Deposition of Andrew Turbett and Robert Gilmore - 17 Apr 1717". baylusbrooks.com. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Sandler, Martin W. (2017). The Whydah: a Pirate Ship Feared, Wrecked, and Found. Somerville MA: Candlewick Press. pp. 44–79. ISBN 9780763680336. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  3. ^ Nelson, Laura (17 January 2016). "The Whydah Pirates Speak: What happened after separating from Bellamy". The Whydah Pirates Speak. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  4. ^ a b Marley, David (2010). Pirates of the Americas. Santa Barbara CA: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781598842012. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  5. ^ Woodard, Colin (2008). The Republic of Pirates: Being the True and Surprising Story of the Caribbean Pirates and the Man Who Brought Them Down. Orlando FL: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 0547415753.
  6. ^ Smollett, Tobias (1758). A Complete History of England, from the Descent of Julius Caesar, to the Treaty of Aix la Chapelle, 1748: Containing the Transactions of One Thousand Eight Hundred and Three Years. London: James Rivington and James Fletcher, and R. Baldwin. pp. 101–102. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  7. ^ Little, Benerson (2005). The Sea Rover's Practice: Pirate Tactics and Techniques, 1630-1730. Washington DC: Potomac Books, Inc. ISBN 9781574889109. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  8. ^ Headlam, Cecil (1934). America and West Indies: December 1722 | British History Online (Vol33 ed.). London: His Majesty's Stationery Office. pp. 177–196. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  9. ^ Gosse, Philip (1924). The Pirates' Who's Who by Philip Gosse. New York: Burt Franklin. Retrieved 23 June 2017.