Richard P. Binzel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Minor planets discovered: 3 [1]
11868 Kleinrichert October 2, 1989 cite
13014 Hasslacher November 17, 1987 cite
(29196) 1990 YY December 19, 1990 list

Richard "Rick" P. Binzel (born 1958) is an American astronomer and professor of planetary sciences at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He is a discoverer of minor planets, photometrist and the inventor of the Torino Scale, a method for categorizing the impact hazard associated with near-Earth objects such as asteroids and comets.[2][3]

Biography and honors[edit]

Binzel was awarded the H. C. Urey Prize by the American Astronomical Society in 1991. He also was awarded a "MacVicar Faculty Fellowship"[4] for teaching excellence at MIT in 1994. He is a co-investigator on the OSIRIS-REx mission.

Binzel was on the "Planet Definition Committee"[5] that developed the proposal to the International Astronomical Union's meeting in Prague in 2006 on whether Pluto should be considered a planet. Their proposal was revised during the meeting and Pluto is now considered a dwarf planet. However, Richard Binzel has strong feelings contrary to this collective decision and would prefer for Pluto to still be classified as having full planet status.

Binzel is an editor of the books Seventy-five years of Hirayama asteroid families : the role of collisions in the Solar System history ISBN 0-937707-82-1 and Asteroids II ISBN 0-8165-1123-3.

Richard Binzel assists his family in raising guide dog puppies for Guiding Eyes for the Blind. His favorite dog was their fourth, Skyler.[citation needed]

The main-belt asteroid 2873 Binzel, discovered by Edward Bowell at Anderson Mesa Station, was named in his honor.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minor Planet Discoverers (by number)". Minor Planet Center. 12 January 2017. Retrieved 30 August 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (2873) Binzel. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 236. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 30 August 2017. 
  3. ^ Willmann-Bell (1988). Introduction to asteroids: the next frontier. 
  4. ^ "Four more named MacVicar Fellows". MIT. 1994-02-09. 
  5. ^ Robert Roy Britt (2006-08-14). "Pluto's Fate to be Decided by 'Scientific and Simple' Planet Definition". SPACE.com.