Richard Philip Oliver

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Richard Oliver Gascoigne
High Sheriff of Yorkshire
In office
Preceded byWilliam Garforth
Succeeded bySir William Milner, Bt
Personal details
Richard Philip Oliver

Died14 April 1843(1843-04-14) (aged 79–80)
Mary Turner
(m. 1804; died 1819)
Parent(s)Silver Oliver
Isabella Sarah Newman Oliver
Residence(s)Castle Oliver
Parlington Hall

Richard Philip Oliver (1763 – 14 April 1843), later known as Richard Oliver Gascoigne, was an Irish landowner at Castle Oliver in County Limerick and Parlington Hall in Yorkshire.

Early life[edit]

He was the eldest surviving son of Isabella Sarah (née Newman) Oliver and Silver Oliver of Castle Oliver in County Limerick.[1] His father sat in the Irish House of Commons for County Limerick.[2]

His paternal grandparents were Jane Katherine (née Silver) Oliver and Robert Oliver, who also sat in the Irish House of Commons.[3]


Soothsayer, British school, c. 1811
Jerry, winner of the St Leger, 1824 by John Frederick Herring

He served as High Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1816.[2]

Gascoigne lived at Parlington Hall in Yorkshire for 33 years. During his time there, he completed several improvements, including construction of the Dark Arch built between 1813 and 1814, a tunnel of around 80 yards in a sweeping curve along the line of Parlington Lane, as well as the Light Arch.[4] He invested in the agricultural interests at Parlington, developing mineral assets on the estate, particularly coal mining.[5] Gascoigne also established a racing team there. He won (along with Thomas Foley, 3rd Baron Foley) the St Leger in 1811 with Soothsayer, and again in 1824 (with Lord Kelburne) with a famous horse called Jerry before retiring from the turf around 1835.[2]

Personal life[edit]

On 3 May 1804, he was married by special licence to Mary Turner (1782–1819) at Parlington Hall. Mary was the daughter of Sir Charles Turner, 1st Baronet, of Kirkleatham and step-daughter of Sir Thomas Gascoigne, 8th Baronet, upon whose death Richard and Mary inherited a life interest in the estates following the death of Mary's step brother and Gascoigne heir Tom in a hunting accident in October 1809. In accordance with the will they assumed the name and arms of Gascoigne in 1811.[2] Together, they were the parents of four children:[2]

Mary died in 1819, aged 36, and was buried at Barwick in Elmet. Gascoigne died on 14 April 1843, aged 80, and was buried at Aberford. Their two surviving daughters inherited the Gascoigne estates.[6]


  1. ^ Burke, Bernard (1898). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland. Harrison & sons. p. 348. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Richard Oliver Gascoigne". Parlington Hall. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  3. ^ Society, Thoresby (1908). The Publications of the Thoresby Society. The Thoresby Society. p. 174. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  4. ^ Historic England. "The Light Arch, Parlington (1451941)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Parlington Home Farm, including farmhouse and farm buildings, Parlington (1451959)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  6. ^ a b c d Burke, Bernard (1869). A genealogical and heraldic dictionary of the peerage and baronetage of the British Empire. London : Harrison. p. 47. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  7. ^ E. M. Johnston-Liik, History of the Irish Parliament 1692–1800, vol. V, pp. 401–402.

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