Richard Quine

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Richard Quine
Richard Quine (1942).jpg
Born(1920-11-12)November 12, 1920
DiedJune 10, 1989(1989-06-10) (aged 68)
Cause of deathSuicide
Resting placeWestwood Memorial Park
OccupationActor, director
Years active1933–1980
Spouse(s)
Susan Peters
(m. 1943; div. 1948)

Barbara Bushman
(m. 1951; div. 1960)

Fran Jeffries
(m. 1965; div. 1970)

Diana Balfour
(m. 1977)
Children3

Richard Quine (November 12, 1920 – June 10, 1989) was an American stage, film, and radio actor and, later, a film director. He began acting as a child in radio, vaudeville, and stage productions before being signed to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in his early twenties. When his acting career began to wane after World War II, Quine began working as a film director. He later moved into producing and directing television. Quine directed several well-known films, including Bell Book and Candle (1958), The World of Suzie Wong (1960), Paris When It Sizzles (1964), How to Murder Your Wife (1965), and The Prisoner of Zenda (1979).

Depressed over poor health, Quine died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound in June 1989 at the age of 68.

Career[edit]

Child Actor[edit]

Born in Detroit, Quine's father was an actor.[1] Quine's family moved to Los Angeles when he was six years old.[2]

As a child, he began working as a radio actor and became a minor radio star. He then appeared in vaudeville before moving on to stage roles.[3]

Quine made his film debut in the drama Cavalcade (1933). He could also be seen in The World Changes (1933) (alongside a young Mickey Rooney), Counsellor-at-Law (1933), Jane Eyre (1934) (as John Reed), Dames (1934), Wednesday's Child (1934) with Frankie Thomas, Little Men (1934), Life Returns (1935), A Dog of Flanders (1935) with Thomas, and Dinky (1935) with Jackie Cooper.[4]

New York[edit]

Quine left Los Angeles for New York City to return to stage acting.[5]

In 1939, Quine made his Broadway debut in the Jerome Kern/Oscar Hammerstein II stage musical Very Warm for May in 1939, which ran for 59 performances.[6] The following year, he was cast as Frank Lippencot in the hit Broadway production of My Sister Eileen starring Shirley Booth which was a massive hit.

MGM Actor[edit]

His role in the stage version of My Sister Eileen led to Quine's being signed with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.[7] Quine's first film for MGM was Babes on Broadway (1941), starring Judy Garland and Mickey Rooney. Rooney and Quine had been friends since childhood.[5]

While at MGM, Quine also appeared in Tish (1942), with Susan Peters who he would later marry, and For Me and My Gal (1942), playing Judy Garland's brother. Columbia borrowed him to reprise his stage role in My Sister Eileen (1942).

At MGM he had a good role in Dr. Gillespie's New Assistant (1942), alongside Peters, and was in Stand by for Action (1942) and the propaganda short The Rear Gunner (1943).

Walter Wanger borrowed Quine for We've Never Been Licked (1943), a wartime propaganda drama, where Quine was top billed.[8]

Just as his acting career seemed about to take off, he had to serve in the United States Coast Guard.[9]

After the war, Quine's acting career stalled. He appeared in The Cockeyed Miracle (1946), Words and Music (1948) and Command Decision (1948)..[7]

Columbia - Move into Directing[edit]

Quine and friend William Asher then decided to get into production and directing. The two set about adapting "Leather Gloves," a short story that appeared in the Saturday Evening Post. The story was later adapted by another writer, but Quine and Asher were hired to produce and direct the 1948 film version released by Columbia Pictures.[10]

Reportedly Harry Cohn offered to but the script outright but they wanted to direct. Cohn responded: "How the hell do you think you can make a picture?" But then later another Columbia executive told Quine, "Mr. Cohn tells me you're going to direct a picture."[11]

He was still under contract to MGM when the film was made.[12] The film was successful and Quine was hired to a long term contract at Columbia.

Quine continued to act for a while. He was third billed in The Clay Pigeon (1949), a low budget noir directed by Richard Fleischer and written by Carl Foreman at RKOK. He had support roles in No Sad Songs for Me (1950) and Rookie Fireman (1950), both at Columbia. [13]

At Columbia he directed some comedy shorts: A Slip and a Miss (1950) with Hugh Herbert, Foy Meets Girl (1950) with Eddie Foy, Jr, The Awful Sleuth with Bert Wheeler, and Woo-Woo Blues (1951) with Herbert.

Quine's first solo effort as director was the musical comedy The Sunny Side of the Street (1951) starring Frankie Laine. He followed it with Purple Heart Diary (1951) with Frances Langford.[10]

Collaboration with Blake Edwards[edit]

Quine then directed a series of films he co wrote with Blake Edwards: Sound Off (1952) with Mickey Rooney, Rainbow 'Round My Shoulder (1952) with Frankie Laine, All Ashore (1953) with Rooney and Dick Haymes, and Cruisin' Down the River (1954) with Haymes. These were all musicals but they also made a film noir, Drive a Crooked Road (1954) with Rooney. Without Edwards, Quine directed Siren of Bagdad (1953), for producer Sam Katzman.

Quine and Edwards went into television with The Mickey Rooney Show (1954-55) which lasted 34 episodes. Quine created it and Edwards was chief writer.[14]

Without Edwards, Quine directed episodes of Footlights Theater, General Electric Theater, and The Ford Television Theatre.

Quine directed the film noir Pushover (1954) that launched Kim Novak as a star. Universal borrowed him to direct Tony Curtis in a musical, So This Is Paris (1954).

Quine helped Edwards write the film that became Edwards' first feature as director, Bring Your Smile Along (1955) with Laine. Edwards and Quine wrote the script for a musical remake of My Sister Eileen (1955), which Quine directed, and He Laughed Last (1956), which Edwards directed.[2]

Leading Director[edit]

By now Quine was established as one of Columbia's leading directors. His films included The Solid Gold Cadillac (1956) and Full of Life (1956) with Judy Holliday; Operation Mad Ball (1957) with Jack Lemmon and Ernie Kovacs, with Blake Edwards helping write the script; Bell Book and Candle (1958) with James Stewart, Novak, Kovacs and Lemmon;.

Producer[edit]

Quine set up his own production company though he still financed through Columbia. He made It Happened to Jane (1959) with Doris Day and Lemmon, and Strangers When We Meet (1960) with Kirk Douglas and Novak.

Ray Stark hired him at the last minute to replace Jean Negulesco on The World of Suzie Wong (1960) with William Holden and Nancy Kwan at Paramount. Back at Columbia Quine did the narration for The Wackiest Ship in the Army (1960) with Lemmon.

Quine announced he would do several projects for his own company: The Image Makers with Glenn Ford, Roar Like a Dove with Doris Day, and The Fannie Brice Story for Ray Stark. He was also going to do Man Hunt in Kenya with William Holden.[15] None of these films were made.

He produced and directed Lemmon, Fred Astaire and Novak in The Notorious Landlady (1962), co written by Edwards.

He was going to make A Bolt Out of the Blue and Fair Game with Holden and direct Sherlock Holmes on Broadway. None of these happened.[16]

Quine directed and produced Paris When It Sizzles (1964) with Holden and Audrey Hepburn, done for his own company at Paramount. He went to Warner Bros to direct Sex and the Single Girl (1964) with Curtis and Natalie Wood, then did How to Murder Your Wife (1965) with Lemmon.

Quine produced and directed Synanon (1965) for Columbia, a little seen film about addicts. He returned to TV producing and directing episodes of the short-lived The Jean Arthur Show (1966).[17] That series also lasted one season.[18][19]

Quine directed Hotel (1967) for Warners. He was going to film Across the River and Into the Trees but it was never made.[20]

Instead he did two films for Paramount, Oh Dad, Poor Dad, Mamma's Hung You in the Closet and I'm Feelin' So Sad (1967) for Ray Stark, and A Talent for Loving (1969). He was also meant to film The Owl and the Pussycat but another director ended up doing it.[21]

Lyricist[edit]

In addition to producing, directing and screenwriting, Quine was also a lyricist. He wrote the lyrics "Be Prepared," a song included in the film It Happened to Jane (1959), which he also produced and directed.[22] In 1962, Quine wrote two songs, "Going Steady With a Dream" and "Strangers When We Meet," the latter the theme to the 1960 film of the same name, which Quine directed, and also for the film Don't Knock the Twist.[23][24] Quine also wrote the theme song to his 1964 film Sex and the Single Girl.[25]

1970s[edit]

Quine returned to acting with a role in the movie Original: Do Not Project (1972).

In the 1970s, Quine directed The Moonshine War (1970) at MGM and a pilot for a show based on Catch-22 starring Richard Dreyfuss.[26]

He directed three episodes of Peter Falk's Columbo, including "Dagger of the Mind," an episode set in Britain. He also worked on another, much less successful NBC Mystery Movie series, McCoy, reuniting him with star Tony Curtis, whom Quine had directed in So This Is Paris and Sex and the Single Girl (1964).

Quine's other directorial credits include W (1974) with Twiggy, and The Specialists (1975), and episodes of Hec Ramsey, McCloud and Project U.F.O..[27]

His final completed film as a director was the 1979 film The Prisoner of Zenda starring Peter Sellers. In 1979, Quine was hired to direct another Sellers film, The Fiendish Plot of Dr. Fu Manchu (1980). Before the script was even completed, Quine was fired owing to "creative differences" he had with Sellers.[28]

Personal life[edit]

Quine was married four times and had three children. His first marriage was to actress Susan Peters. They were married on November 7, 1943, at Westwood Community Church in Los Angeles.[9] On New Year's Day 1945, the couple were on a duck hunting trip when Peters dropped her rifle. The gun discharged, hitting Peters in the stomach. The bullet lodged in her spine, leaving her paralyzed from the waist down.[29] On April 17, 1946, the couple adopted a ten-month-old baby boy whom they named Timothy Richard Quine.[30] They separated on March 1, 1948, and were divorced later that year.[31] In October 1952, Peters died of a chronic kidney infection and bronchial pneumonia, both of which were hastened by dehydration and starvation because she had stopped eating and drinking in the last few weeks of her life.[32]

In September 1951, Quine married Barbara Bushman, the granddaughter of actor Francis X. Bushman. The couple had two children before separating in May 1958.[33] They were divorced in March 1960.[34]

While Quine was separated from his second wife, he began dating actress Kim Novak, whom he had previously directed in 1954's Pushover and 1958's Bell, Book and Candle. In 1959 the two became engaged while working on their third film together, Strangers When We Meet (1960).[35] They planned to marry when shooting completed on Strangers but Novak ended the relationship shortly before the film was completed.[36] He later dated actresses Judy Holliday (whom he directed in 1956's Full of Life and The Solid Gold Cadillac) and Natalie Wood (whom he also directed in 1964's Sex and the Single Girl).[36] While directing Sex and the Single Girl (1964), Quine met and began dating one of the film's stars, Fran Jeffries.[37] On January 4, 1965, they were married in Rosarito Beach, Mexico. The couple separated on June 10, 1968. In July 1969, Quine filed for divorce, citing "extreme cruelty."[38] Their divorce became final in December 1970.[39]

In 1977, Quine married Diana Balfour. They remained married until Quine's death in 1989.[40]

Death[edit]

After an extended period of depression and poor health, Quine shot himself in the head at his Los Angeles home on June 10, 1989. He was taken to UCLA Medical Center, where he died at the age of 68.[1][40] His remains are interred in the Room of Prayer columbarium at Westwood Memorial Park in Los Angeles.

Filmography[edit]

Film
Year Title Role Notes
1933 Cavalcade Uncredited
1933 The World Changes Richard, as a Boy Uncredited
1933 Counsellor at Law Richard Dwight, Jr.
1934 Jane Eyre John Reed
1934 Dames Unconfirmed role
1934 Wednesday's Child Bobby's antagonistic buddy Uncredited
1934 Little Men Ned
1935 Life Returns Mickey
1935 A Dog of Flanders Nicky Duval
1935 Dinky Jackie Shaw
1939 King of the Underworld Medical student Uncredited
1941 Babes on Broadway Morton Hammond
1941 Tish Theodore "Ted" Bowser
1942 My Sister Eileen Frank Lippincott
1942 For Me and My Gal Danny Hayden Uncredited
1942 Dr. Gillespie's New Assistant Dr. Dennis Lindsey
1942 Stand By for Action Ensign Lindsay
1943 The Rear Gunner Pilot with Sun Glasses Uncredited
1943 We've Never Been Licked Brad Craig Alternative title: Fighting Command
1946 The Cockeyed Miracle Howard Bankson Alternative title: The Return of Mr. Griggs
1948 Words and Music Ben Feiner, Jr.
1948 Leather Gloves
Director, producer
1948 Command Decision Maj. George Rockton
1949 The Clay Pigeon Ted Niles
1950 No Sad Songs for Me Brownie
1950 Rookie Fireman Johnny Truitt
1950 Foy Meets Girl
Director, short subject
1950 He's a Cockeyed Wonder Actor in drive-in movie Uncredited
1950 The Flying Missile Amn. Hank Weber Uncredited
Alternative title: The Flying Fish
1951 The Awful Sleuth
Director, short subject
1951 Woo-Woo Blues
Director, short subject
1951 The Sunny Side of the Street
Director
1951 Purple Heart Diary
Director
1952 Sound Off
Writer, director
1952 Castle in the Air Opening Narrator/Radio Announcer Writer, director
Alternative title: Rainbow 'Round My Shoulder
1953 All Ashore
Writer, director
1953 Siren of Bagdad
Director
1953 Cruisin' Down the River
Director
1954 Drive a Crooked Road
Writer (adaptation), director
1954 Pushover
Director
1954 So This Is Paris
Director
1955 Bring Your Smile Along
Writer (story)
1955 My Sister Eileen
Writer, director
1956 He Laughed Last
Writer (story)
1956 The Solid Gold Cadillac
Director
1956 Full of Life
Director
1957 Operation Mad Ball
Director
1958 Bell, Book and Candle
Director
1959 It Happened to Jane
Director, producer
1960 Strangers When We Meet
Director
1960 The World of Suzie Wong
Director
1960 The Wackiest Ship in the Army Narrator
1962 The Notorious Landlady
Producer, director
1964 Paris When It Sizzles
Producer, director
Alternative title: Together in Paris
1964 Sex and the Single Girl
Director
1965 How to Murder Your Wife
Director
1965 Synanon
Producer, director
1967 Hotel
Director
1967 Oh Dad, Poor Dad...
Director
1969 A Talent for Loving
Director
Alternative title: Gun Crazy
1970 The Moonshine War
Director
1974 W
Director
Alternative title: W is the Mark of Death
1979 The Prisoner of Zenda
Director
1980 The Fiendish Plot of Dr. Fu Manchu
Director (uncredited)
Television
Year Title Notes
1952–1954 The Ford Television Theatre Director
3 episodes
1953 General Electric Theater Director
Episode: "Atomic Love"
1954 The Mickey Rooney Show Creator
20 episodes
1966 The Jean Arthur Show Producer
12 episodes
1972–1973 Columbo Director
"Dagger of the Mind"
"Requiem for a Falling Star"
"Double Exposure"
1973 Catch-22 Director
Television movie
1974 Hec Ramsey Director
Episode: "Dead Heat"
1975 The Specialists Director
Television movie
1975 McCoy Director
2 episodes
1978 Project U.F.O. Director
Episode: "Sighting 4001: The Washington D.C. Incident"

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Director Quine Commits Suicide". Lakeland Ledger. Lakeland, Florida. June 13, 1989. p. 2A. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  2. ^ a b Lloyd, Ann; Fuller, Graham; Desser, Arnold (1983). The Illustrated Who's Who of the Cinema. Orbis Publishing. p. 360. ISBN 0-856-13521-6.
  3. ^ Andrews, Deborah; Turner, Roland (1989). The Annual Obituary. St. James Press. p. 373.
  4. ^ Richard Quine; directed Jack Lemmon Chicago Tribune 14 June 1989: N15.
  5. ^ a b "Boyhood Chum Has Role In Mickey's Film". St. Petersburg Times. St. Petersburg, Florida: October 26, 1941. p. 35. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  6. ^ Very Warm for May
  7. ^ a b Thomas, Bob (October 1, 1954). "Richard Quine Makes Grade As Director". Sarasota Journal. Sarasota, Florida. p. 16. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  8. ^ GRAPHIC LITTLE THEATER Presents RICHARD QUINE and ANNE GWYNNE in "WE'VE NEVER BEEN LICKED" Chicago Daily Tribune 18 July 1943: C3.
  9. ^ a b "Actress Susan Peters Wed to Richard Quine". The Lewiston Daily Sun. Lewiston, Maine. November 8, 1943. p. 2, next-to-bottom story, fourth column. Retrieved February 20, 2015.
  10. ^ a b Boyer, Edward J. (June 13, 1989). "Richard Quine, 68, Film Director, Dies of Gunshot Wound". latimes.com. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  11. ^ Richard Quine, 68, Film Director, Dies of Gunshot Wound: [Home Edition] Boyer, Edward J. Los Angeles Times 13 June 1989: 3.
  12. ^ Complete Deal With Columbia to Produce and Direct 'Winner Take Nothing' By THOMAS F. BRADYSpecial to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times 28 Jan 1948: 27.
  13. ^ Richard Quine, 68, Actor Who Directed 'Murder Your Wife': [Obituary] New York Time 14 June 1989: D.24.
  14. ^ Leszczak, Bob (2012). Single Season Sitcoms, 1948-1979: A Complete Guide. McFarland. pp. 78–79. ISBN 0-786-49305-4.
  15. ^ QUINE LISTS FILMS ON A BUSY AGENDA: Producer-Director, With 2 Finished, Readies 3 More, including 'Image Makers' By HOWARD THOMPSON. New York Times (1923-Current file); New York, N.Y. [New York, N.Y]11 June 1960: 12.
  16. ^ Quine Aims 'Bolt' at Jack Lemmon: Comedy of Salesman Acquired; 'Light Brigade' to Be Remade Scott, John L. Los Angeles Times28 June 1961: C11.
  17. ^ Thomas, Bob (September 25, 1966). "Richard Quine Turns Producer". The Day. New London, Connecticut. p. 10. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  18. ^ (Leszczak 2012, pp. 92–93)
  19. ^ Different Look Goal of Jean Arthur Show Gardella, Kay. Los Angeles Times 3 June 1966: d18.
  20. ^ Actor Takes Cue, Turns Director Thomas, Kevin. Los Angeles Times 18 July 1966: c24.
  21. ^ Quine, Seven Arts Lead New Signers: U.S. Bags British Director; Garfein Joining Wife Carroll Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times 29 Sep 1964: C11
  22. ^ Baltake, Joe (1977). The Films of Jack Lemmon. Citadel Press. p. 101. ISBN 0-806-50560-5.
  23. ^ Fetrow, Alan G. (1999). Feature Films, 1950-1959: A United States Filmography. McFarland. p. 160. ISBN 0-786-40427-2.
  24. ^ Gary, Marmorstein (1997). Hollywood Rhapsody: Movie Music and Its Makers, 1900 to 1975 (2 ed.). Schirmer Books. p. 207. ISBN 0-028-64595-2.
  25. ^ Kilgallen, Dorothy (October 4, 1963). "Dorothy Kilgallen's Voice of Broadway". The Montreal Gazette. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. p. 39. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  26. ^ MOVIE CALL SHEET: Alda Joins 'Moonshine' Cast Los Angeles Times 21 July 1969: a5.
  27. ^ Blimey! A bean pole branches out into luverly Twigs Norma Lee Browning. Chicago Tribune 20 May 1973: e18.
  28. ^ (Andrews, Turner 1989, p. 374)
  29. ^ "Actress Susan Peters Dies, Losing Brave 7-Year Fight". Toledo Blade. Toledo, Ohio. October 24, 1952. p. 1. Retrieved February 20, 2015.
  30. ^ "Susan Peters at Glamour Girls of the Silver Screen". Glamourgirlsofthesilverscreen.com. Retrieved June 9, 2011.
  31. ^ "Susan Peter Cries As Divorce Granted". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Spokane, Washington. September 10, 1948. p. 1. Retrieved February 20, 2015.
  32. ^ Ferrero, Lee (October 25, 1952). "Actress Susan Peters, Paralyzed 7 Years, Dies". The Milwaukee Sentinel. p. 3. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
  33. ^ "Hollywood Director, Wife Try Separation". The Victoria Advocate. Victoria, Texas. May 8, 1958. p. 32. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  34. ^ Bacon, James (December 7, 1959). "Wedding Could Be Next Step For Kim Novak". Times Daily. Florence, Alabama. p. 8. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  35. ^ "Will Wed Kim, Director Says". The Owosso Argus-Press. Owosso, Michigan. September 17, 1960. p. 7. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  36. ^ a b Garnier, Philippe (August 6, 2008). "''LA Weekly'' (August 7, 2008)". Laweekly.com. Retrieved June 9, 2011.
  37. ^ Graham, Sheilah (May 10, 1965). "Hollywood Gadabout". The Milwaukee Journal. Milwaukee, Wisconsin. p. 24. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  38. ^ "Mate Asks Divorce From Fran Jeffries". Toledo Blade. Toledo, Ohio. July 1, 1969. p. 21. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  39. ^ "Actress In Divorce". The Pittsburgh Press. Pittsuburgh, Pennsylvania. December 17, 1970. p. 4. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  40. ^ a b "Richard Quine, 68, Actor Who Directed 'Murder Your Wife'". The New York Times. June 14, 1989. Retrieved May 7, 2009.

External links[edit]