Richard Raymond (Texas politician)
|Richard Peña Raymond|
|Texas State Representative from District 42 (Webb County)|
|Preceded by||Henry R. Cuellar|
|Texas State Representative from District 44|
|Preceded by||Ernestine Glossbrenner|
|Succeeded by||Ignacio Salinas, Jr.|
October 27, 1960 |
Alice, Jim Wells County
|Spouse(s)||Michelle Yvonne Gould Raymond (married 1994)|
|Relations||Joe Rubio, Jr. (cousin)|
|Children||Aren, Eva, and Ryan Raymond|
|Parents||Gabriel Charles, Sr., and Evelia Peña Raymond|
|Residence||Laredo, Webb County, Texas|
|Alma mater||University of Texas School of Law|
Richard Peña Raymond (born October 27, 1960) is a Democratic member of the Texas House of Representatives for District 42, which encompasses western Webb County and includes most of the city of Laredo. He is vice-chairman of the House Committee on Appropriations and also sits on the Border Affairs and Intergovernmental Affairs Committee.
Raymond was born Richard Edward Raymond to Gabriel Charles Raymond, Sr. (1936-1998), and the former Evelia Pena (born 1935) in Alice, the county seat of Jim Wells County. He was reared in Benavides in Duval County. He has an older brother, Gabriel Raymond, Jr. (born 1959). He graduated from Benavides High School and attended the University of Texas at Austin, where he received a Bachelor of Arts degree, majoring in government with a minor in history. Raymond then earned a Juris Doctor from the University of Texas School of Law, also in Austin.
Intelius.com lists Raymond, his mother, and his wife, the former Michelle Yvonne Gould (born September 19, 1969), as former residents of Skykomish in King County, Washington. The dates are unclear, as Raymond was back in Texas in 1992 to run for the legislature, and he did not marry until 1994. The couple wed in Austin and has three children: Aren, Eva, and Ryan Raymond.
In 1992, Raymond was elected to the House from District 44, when he was residing in Benavides. He left the House temporarily after three terms. In 1998, he instead challenged the Republican nominee for Commissioner of the General Land Office, David Dewhurst of Houston. In the general election, Dewhurst easily prevailed for the right to succeed Democratic Land Commissioner Garry Mauro of Bryan, who instead ran for governor of Texas that year against George W. Bush.
On the day of the inauguration of George W. Bush as U.S. President, Raymond won a special election in Webb County to succeed Henry R. Cuellar in the state House of Representatives. Cuellar had stepped down and briefly served as Texas Secretary of State under the new governor, Rick Perry. Raymond defeated a multi-candidate field of Democrats, including Carlos Ygnacio "C.Y." Benavides, III, a Laredo-area businessman, who thereafter in 2006 ran unsuccessfully for Webb County judge against Danny Valdez.
In 2006, Raymond fell .07 percent plus one vote short of an outright victory in the Democratic primary. He finished first with 11,806 votes (49.8 percent); his chief opponent Mercurio Martinez, a former county judge of Webb County, trailed with 7,650 (32.3 percent). Two other contenders held the remaining 17.9 percent of the vote. In the runoff in April 2006, Raymond prevailed, 8,828 votes (57.8 percent) to Martinez's 6,456 (42.2 percent).
Raymond is considered a strongly partisan Democrat. He filed the lawsuit opposing the 2003 congressional redistricting plan adopted by the states' Republican majority. In 2006, the United States Supreme Court, with the Ronald W. Reagan appointee Justice Anthony Kennedy providing the swing vote, ordered changes in the plan which proved favorable to Texas Democrats in the mid-term elections.
In 2007, Raymond participated unsuccessfully in a coup attempt against Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives Tom Craddick, a Midland Republican. During the opening session of 2007, Raymond was the only member who rose to ask fellow members to vote against Craddick, even though Craddick had no opponent. The refrain "Prove Me Wrong, Mr. Speaker," used by Raymond during this critical speech, was then repeated during the rest of the session, as opposition continued to build against Craddick. Twenty-six other members joined Raymond in voting against Craddick, but by the end of the session a majority agreed with Raymond.
At the beginning of the 2009 Session, Raymond and others finally succeeded in toppling Craddick by maneuvering the election of Representative Joe Straus, a Moderate Republican from San Antonio, as the still-serving Speaker of the House.
In February 2009, Speaker Straus named Raymond vice-chairman of the House Appropriations Committee, making him one of the most influential Democrats in the chamber. Raymond was also named a member of the House Committee on Border Affairs and Intergovernmental Relations.
In 2013, Raymond voted against House-passed legislation which would prohibit abortions in Texas past twenty weeks of gestation, require physicians performing abortions to have admitting privileges at local hospitals, require that the abortions be performed in surgical centers, and require monitoring of abortions. Opponents of the measure claimed it would shut down abortion clinics throughout Texas and place an "undue burden" on women seeking to end their pregnancy.
In 2015, Raymond announced that he will re-introduce a bill with a companion state constitutional amendment to permit voter enactment at the local level of eight-liner slot machines. Current policy permits establishments with eight-liners to offer only prizes of no greater than $5 to the winners of the games. His measure would enable the state to regulate such games. A Laredo city council member, Charlie San Miguel, said he does not oppose Raymond's measure but fears an expansion of gambling "leads to addiction in some cases, leaving [some] unable to provide for their needs ..." San Miguel said Raymond's bill should also provide a "support network" for those inclined toward abuse of gambling.
Most recent election
|Texas general election, 2006: House District 42|
|Democratic Party Primary Runoff Election, 2006: House District 42|
|Mercurio Martinez, Jr.||6,456||42.24|
|Democratic Party Primary Election, 2006: House District 42|
|✓||Mercurio Martinez, Jr.||7,650||32.89|
|Jose “Rudy” Ochoa||1,184||5.00|
|Texas general election, 2004: House District 42|
|Texas general election, 2002: House District 42|
|Special Election, 20 January 2001: House District 42, Unexpired|
|Democratic||Carlos Ygnacio “Cy” Benavides||2,409||18.63|
|Democratic||Javier H. Martinez, Jr.||1,743||13.48|
|Democratic||Maria Elena Morales||1,676||12.96|
|Write-In||None of the Above||1||0.01|
|Texas general election, 1998: Land Commissioner|
|Libertarian||J. Manuel “Monte” Montez||98,321||2.72||+0.12|
|Republican gain from Democratic|
|Texas general election, 1996: House District 44|
|Texas general election, 1994: House District 44|
|Texas general election, 1992: House District 44|
|Democratic Party Primary Runoff Election, 1992: House District 44|
|Democratic Party Primary Election, 1992: House District 44|
|✓||Tom Cate (formerly District 45)||9,706||39.83|
|Alberto T. Martinez||6,714||27.55|
- "Richard Edward Raymond in the Texas Birth Index". search.ancestry.com. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
- "Michelle Yvonne Raymond". intelius.com. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
- "2006 Democratic Party Primary Election: 3/7/2006". elections.sos.state.tx.us. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
- "2006 Democratic Party Primary Runoff Election: 4/11/2006". elections.sos.state.tx.us. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
- "Dems hope filibuster will stop changes", Laredo Morning Times, June 25, 2013, p. 1
- Kendra Ablaza, "Bill gets a new try: Raymond refiles 8-liner legislation", Laredo Morning Times, March 16, 2015, pp. 1, 12A
- "2006 General Election". Office of the Secretary of State (Texas). Retrieved 2006-12-18.
- "2006 Democratic Party Primary Runoff Election". Office of the Secretary of State (Texas). Retrieved 2006-12-18.
- "2006 Democratic Party Primary Election". Office of the Secretary of State (Texas). Retrieved 2006-12-18.
- "2004 General Election". Office of the Secretary of State (Texas). Retrieved 2006-12-18.
- "2002 General Election". Office of the Secretary of State (Texas). Retrieved 2006-12-18.
- "Special Election State Representative District 42". Office of the Secretary of State (Texas). Retrieved 2006-12-18.
- "1998 General Election". Office of the Secretary of State (Texas). Retrieved 2006-12-18.
- "1996 General Election". Office of the Secretary of State (Texas). Retrieved 2006-12-18.
- "1994 General Election". Office of the Secretary of State (Texas). Retrieved 2006-12-18.
- "1992 General Election". Office of the Secretary of State (Texas). Retrieved 2006-12-18.
- "1992 Democratic Party Primary Runoff Election". Office of the Secretary of State (Texas). Retrieved 2006-12-18.
- "1992 Democratic Party Primary Election". Office of the Secretary of State (Texas). Retrieved 2006-12-18.
|Texas House of Representatives|
Henry R. Cuellar
|Texas State Representative for District 42 (Webb County)
Richard Peña Raymond
|Texas State Representative for District 44 (including Duval County)
Richard Peña Raymond
Ignacio Salinas, Jr.