He was born in Pimlico in London, at 2 Belgrave Terrace, the second son of William Redgrave, and younger brother of Samuel Redgrave. While employed in his father's manufacturing firm, he visited the British Museum to make drawings of the Marble sculpture there. His work The River Brent, near Hanwell of 1825 saw him admitted to the Royal Academy schools the next year. He left his father's firm in 1830 and began to make a living teaching art.
He worked at first as a designer. He was elected an Associate in 1840 and an Academician in 1851 (retired, 1882). His Gulliver on the Farmer's Table (1837) made his reputation as a painter. He became an assiduous painter of landscape and genre; his best pictures being Country Cousins (1848), Olivia's Return to her Parents (1839), The Sempstress (1844) and A Well-spring in the Forest (1877). Redgrave held three important exhibitions at the Royal Academy and one at Royal Society of Painter-Etchers and Engravers.
He began in 1847 a connection with the Government School of Design, as botanical lecturer and teacher, he became head-master in 1848, and art superintendent in 1852. He was inspector-general for art at the Science and Art Department in 1857. The first Keeper of Paintings at South Kensington Museum, he was greatly instrumental in the establishment of this institution, and he claimed the credit of having secured the Sheepshanks and Ellison gifts for the nation. Redgrave received the cross of the Legion of Honour after serving on the executive committee of the British section of the Paris Exhibition of 1855. The income provided for an impressive house at Hyde Park Gate, overlooking the park, in one of the most prestigious addresses in London. His children Evelyn Leslie Redgrave and Frances M Redgrave were celebrated painters.
He was surveyor of crown pictures from 1856–80, during which period he produced a 34-volume catalogue detailing the pictures at Windsor Castle, Buckingham Palace, Hampton Court, and other royal residences.
Redgrave and his brother Samuel were the co-authors of the influential A Century of Painters of the English School, published in 1866, he also wrote also An Elementary Manual of Colour, 1853.
|Redgrave's The Sempstress, Smarthistory|
He was offered, but declined, a knighthood in 1869.
Funerary monument, Brompton Cemetery
Memorial in St Mary Abbots, Kensington
The Outcast by Richard Redgrave
Gulliver in Brobdingnag, Victoria and Albert Museum
- Graves 1896, pp. 379–380.
- Graves, Robert Edmund (1896). "Redgrave, Richard". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 47. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 379–380.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Redgrave, Richard". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Mullen, Chris (1988) . The Dictionary of British Artists 1880 –1940: An Antique Collectors' Club Research Project listing 41,000 artists. Antique Collectors' Club.
- Redgrave, Frances Margaret (1891), Richard Redgrave, C.B., R.A.: A memoir compiled from his diary, London: Cassall & Co.
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